Archie Jewell
Archie Jewell during World War I.jpg
Jewell during his World War I service
Born
Archibald Jewell

(1888-12-04)4 December 1888
Died17 April 1917(1917-04-17) (aged 28)
Occupation
  • Sailor

Archibald "Archie" Jewell (4 December 1888 – 17 April 1917) was a sailor who was on the crew of the Titanic. He survived the sinking of the Titanic and Britannic, but died during the sinking of the SS Donegal when it was torpedoed without warning by German forces during the course of World War I.[1][2]

Life

Archibald Jewell, known as Archie, was the youngest child of John Jewell, a sailor, and his wife Elizabeth Jewell. He had six older siblings, two sisters and four brothers. His mother died on 9 April 1891.

In 1903, at the age of 15, Jewell began working on smaller sailing ships. He joined the White Star Line in 1904. Jewell served as a full seaman on the Oceanic for almost eight years, during which time he lived in Southampton. He was married sometime around 1916 to Bessie Heard and moved to Bitterne with her. Bessie Jewell gave birth to her and Archie's son, Raymond Hope Jewell, in autumn 1916.

Career

On 6 April 1912, Jewell was transferred to the Titanic as one of six lookouts along with 24-year-old George Symons. Jewell was scheduled to be in the crow's nest between 20:00 and 22:00 and then from 2:00 to 4:00, during the night of 15 April 1912.

At around 22:00 Jewell and Symons were replaced by their colleagues Reginald Lee and Frederick Fleet. Jewell was in his cabin at 23:40 when the iceberg collision occurred. At 00:40, Jewell was one of the first to escape the sinking in lifeboat 7.

After arriving in New York City on the RMS Carpathia, Jewell returned to England on 29 April 1912 on board the SS Lapland. He was among the first witnesses interviewed by Lord Justice Mersey on 3 May 1912 before the British Committee of Inquiry on the accident. At least 331 questions were asked.

Jewell worked on HMHS Britannic during World War I. He survived the sinking of the Britannic on 21 November 1916 along with two other Titanic survivors Violet Jessop, a stewardess and Arthur John Priest, a stoker.

In 1916, Jewell left the White Star Line and was hired on the SS Donegal, a passenger ship put into service in 1904. The Donegal was converted into a hospital ship during World War I and transported wounded soldiers from France to England. On 1 March 1917, one of these voyages involved enemy contact with a German submarine. Badly damaged, the Donegal could get to safety, but it was never repaired. On 17 April 1917, another German submarine fired without warning on the Donegal. The ship went down in the English Channel, about 19 nautical miles (35 km) south of the Dean light vessel. The 28-year-old Jewell was one of the 12 crew members who died, along with 29 British soldiers. Jewell's body was never recovered. John Priest was also onboard, but survived.

A plaque commemorates Jewell at the Tower Hill Memorial, in London. Archie Jewell was survived by his wife and son, his father, and all six of his siblings; his son died in Exeter on 10 December 1930, at the age of 14, after a serious illness.

References

  1. ^ John P. Eaton; Charles A. Haas (1999). Titanic: A Journey Through Time. W.W. Norton. pp. 155–. ISBN 978-0-393-04782-0.
  2. ^ John P. Eaton; Charles A. Haas (1995). Titanic, Triumph and Tragedy. Norton. pp. 270–. ISBN 978-0-393-03697-8.