Archuleta County
Archuleta County Courthouse
Archuleta County Courthouse
Map of Colorado highlighting Archuleta County
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°11′N 107°03′W / 37.19°N 107.05°W / 37.19; -107.05Coordinates: 37°11′N 107°03′W / 37.19°N 107.05°W / 37.19; -107.05
Country United States
State Colorado
FoundedApril 14, 1885
Named forAntonio D. Archuleta
SeatPagosa Springs
Largest townPagosa Springs
Area
 • Total1,356 sq mi (3,510 km2)
 • Land1,350 sq mi (3,500 km2)
 • Water5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total13,359
 • Density9.9/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.archuletacounty.org
Archuleta County Sheriff's Department and Detention Facility in Pagosa Springs
Archuleta County Sheriff's Department and Detention Facility in Pagosa Springs

Archuleta County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2020 census, the population was 13,359.[1] The county seat and the only incorporated municipality in the county is Pagosa Springs.[2]

History

Archuleta County was created by the Colorado legislature on April 14, 1885, out of western Conejos County. It was named for Jose Manuel Archuleta, "head of one of the old Spanish families of New Mexico",[3] and in honor of his son Antonio D. Archuleta, who was the Senator from Conejos County at the time.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,356 square miles (3,510 km2), of which 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Airport

Major Highways

National protected areas

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890826
19002,117156.3%
19103,30256.0%
19203,5908.7%
19303,204−10.8%
19403,80618.8%
19503,030−20.4%
19602,629−13.2%
19702,7334.0%
19803,66434.1%
19905,34545.9%
20009,89885.2%
201012,08422.1%
202013,35910.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8]

State protected area

Scenic and historic trails

Waterways

Demographics

According to the 2020 census, there were 13,359 people, 5,736 households living in the county. The average household size was 2.34 persons. The population density was 9.9 people per square mile (3.8/km2). As of 2021, there were 9,693 housing units at an average density of 7.2 per square mile (2.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.9% White, 0.9% Black or African American, 3.8% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% from two or more races. 18.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[1]

The age distribution was 4.1% under 5 years, 17.5% under 18 years, 51.1% between 18 and 64 years, and 27.3% 65 years or older. 49.9% were female.[1]

The median household income (in 2020 dollars) was $55,658. The per capita income for the county was $32,995. About 9.40% of the population were at or below the poverty line.[1]

Politics

As of January 2022, Archuleta County had approximately 10,696 active registered voters. There were 40.6% unaffiliated with a party, 38.3% Republican, 19.6% Democrat, .8% Libertarian, .2% Green, and .5% various other parties.[10]

Voting in the county tends to favor conservative choices, especially at the state and national level, but winning elections for unaffiliated local candidates are not uncommon.[11]

Archuleta County Commissioner elections, 2010-2020[11]
Republican Democrat Unaffiliated
2020, District 1 50.30% 49.70%
2020, District 2 52.00% 48.00%
2018, District 3 97.20% 2.80%
2016, District 1 48.50% 21.80% 29.70%
2016, District 2 56.40% 20.70% 22.90%
2014, District 3 46.90% 53.10%
2012, District 1 85.70% 14.30%
2012, District 2 61.90% 38.10%
2010, District 3 42.50% 57.50%
United States presidential election results for Archuleta County, Colorado[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,189 56.75% 3,738 40.88% 217 2.37%
2016 4,264 58.10% 2,500 34.06% 575 7.83%
2012 3,872 57.50% 2,679 39.78% 183 2.72%
2008 3,638 54.91% 2,836 42.81% 151 2.28%
2004 3,601 61.67% 2,141 36.67% 97 1.66%
2000 2,988 62.80% 1,432 30.10% 338 7.10%
1996 1,963 57.11% 997 29.01% 477 13.88%
1992 1,242 44.11% 819 29.08% 755 26.81%
1988 1,440 63.66% 795 35.15% 27 1.19%
1984 1,557 71.98% 584 27.00% 22 1.02%
1980 1,252 65.89% 532 28.00% 116 6.11%
1976 768 53.63% 632 44.13% 32 2.23%
1972 606 64.47% 300 31.91% 34 3.62%
1968 486 49.69% 409 41.82% 83 8.49%
1964 370 36.71% 632 62.70% 6 0.60%
1960 489 46.26% 567 53.64% 1 0.09%
1956 635 59.91% 423 39.91% 2 0.19%
1952 691 64.58% 377 35.23% 2 0.19%
1948 597 55.07% 479 44.19% 8 0.74%
1944 602 58.45% 427 41.46% 1 0.10%
1940 869 53.71% 744 45.98% 5 0.31%
1936 541 40.59% 761 57.09% 31 2.33%
1932 462 32.77% 928 65.82% 20 1.42%
1928 610 56.48% 447 41.39% 23 2.13%
1924 451 43.12% 269 25.72% 326 31.17%
1920 700 63.12% 379 34.17% 30 2.71%
1916 473 35.70% 830 62.64% 22 1.66%
1912 452 28.88% 609 38.91% 504 32.20%


Communities

Town

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Education

School districts include:[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Archuleta County, Colorado". www.census.gov. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 28.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  9. ^ Dicklyon (September 22, 2019), Picture: Stollsteimer Creek at Old Gallegos Road, Stollsteimer, Colorado, just before it joins the Piedra River, retrieved July 18, 2022
  10. ^ "2022 Voter Registration Statistics". www.sos.state.co.us. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
  11. ^ a b "Election Results | Archuleta County, CO - Official Website". www.archuletacounty.org. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
  12. ^ Error in Template:Align: the alignment setting "left cite web" is invalid.
  13. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Archuleta County, CO" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 15, 2022. - Text list