Argentina in South America.png
Argentine Americans
Total population
286,346 (2018)[1]
0.09% of the U.S. population (2018)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Florida, Texas, California, Illinois, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania
Languages
English, Spanish
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic Church
Others
Related ethnic groups
Uruguayan Americans, Spanish Americans, Italian Americans

Argentine Americans (Spanish: argentino-estadounidense)[2][3][4][5] are Americans whose full or partial origin is in Argentina.

They are part of the broader Hispanic and Latino American category, and make up a scant 0.1% of the U.S. population, compared to larger Hispanic American groups such as Mexican American (11%) and Stateside Puerto Ricans (2%). Argentine immigration increased after the Dirty War in the 1970s, and many took up residence in states such as California, Florida, and New York.

History

Until the 1970s, the Argentines that emigrated to the United States were included in the category of "Other".[citation needed] Thus, the number of Argentines who emigrated to the United States up to that moment is unknown, due to the inexistence of statistics about the groups that formed that category.[citation needed]

In any case, it seems that the first Argentines who arrived in the United States did so during the 1950s and 1960s, seeking better economic conditions. A wave of Argentine immigrants came to Las Vegas, Nevada in the 1950s.[6] Most these arrivals had achieved higher education in Argentina. For example, many were scientists. However, immigrants in the late 1970s arrived fleeing the political repression of the Dirty War.[7] They numbered 44,803 people.[7] Then, a few decades later, large waves of immigrants left the country after its economic crash in 2001 and economic decline in 2014. As a result, according to "Latinx Immigrants" from the International and Cultural Psychology book series, as of 2018 there were over a million Argentines living abroad.[8] Approximately 60% of Argentineans now living in the United States arrived after 1990. This influx in immigrants was especially dramatic between the years 2000 and 2005, with many hoping to escape financial loss in their home country.[8]

This new immigrant group had an educational level lower than earlier immigrants. The majority of Argentine immigrants headed to metropolitan areas, especially New York City, where 20 percent of them lived in the 1970s. In the 1980s, that percentage increased to just over 23 percent, and the 1990 U.S. Census recorded that New York City had 17,363 Argentine Americans and Los Angeles, 15,115.[7] Immigration to New York City was popular because of the existing Argentine and Italian communities, as many Argentines are of Italian origin. With the goal of helping its Argentine population, the government of the city created several organizations such as the Argentine-American Chamber of Commerce, which that established relations between Argentina and the United States. The 1990 U.S. Census recorded 92,563 Argentines, evidencing that nearly half of the Argentine immigrants arrived in the last two decades alone.[7]

After the 1990s, Southern California and Florida became leading destinations for new immigrants from Argentina. According to the 2010 Census, out of the over 200,000 Argentine Americans recorded, it is estimated that Los Angeles and Miami have over 50,000 Argentine Americans each, followed by the New York area.[7] According to data from the Pew Research Center, in 2017 about 29% of Argintine Americans resided in Florida. Meanwhile, 18% lived in California and 10% in New York. [9]

Socioeconomics

The profile of the Argentine American population is generally similar to the overall U.S. population's. Among the key differences, however, is educational attainment. Argentine Americans exhibit a rate of 39.5% of holders of bachelor's, graduate, or professional degrees, contrasted with the 27.5% of the overall U.S. population. The difference is more marked among women: 40.2% for Argentine American females, and 26.7% for all U.S. females.[10] Another major difference is that 69.1% of Argentine Americans are immigrants, which contrasts sharply with 12.6% of the overall U.S. population.[10]

Demographics

The most noticeable Argentine American populations are in the metropolitan areas of Florida (mainly South Florida), Texas (mainly Houston and Dallas), California, Illinois, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Western Pennsylvania.[citation needed]

States

The 10 states with the largest population of Argentines (Source: 2010 Census):

  1.  Florida - 57,260 (0.3% of state population)
  2.  California - 44,410 (0.1% of state population)
  3.  New York - 24,969 (0.1% of state population)
  4.  New Jersey - 14,272 (0.2% of state population)
  5.  Texas - 13,831 (0.1% of state population)
  6.  Virginia - 6,263 (0.1% of state population)
  7.  Illinois - 5,294 (less than 0.1% of state population)
  8.  Maryland - 5,138 (0.1% of state population)
  9.  Utah - 4,639 (0.2% of state population)
  10.  Pennsylvania - 4,273 (less than 0.1% of state population)

Cities

The 10 cities with the largest population of Argentines (Source: 2010 Census):

  1. New York, NY - 15,169 (0.2%)
  2. Los Angeles - 8,570 (0.2%)
  3. Miami, FL - 4,891 (1.2%)
  4. Miami Beach, FL - 4,030 (4.6%)
  5. Houston, TX - 2,440 (0.1%)
  6. Chicago, IL - 1,743 (0.1%)
  7. Hollywood, FL - 1,626 (1.2%)
  8. Aventura, FL - 1,579 (4.4%)
  9. San Diego, CA - 1,322 (0.1%)
  10. Pembroke Pines, FL - 1,147 (0.7%)

Ethnic background

The ancestry of the majority of the population of Argentina is primarily of Italian and Spanish ancestry (see demographics of Argentina) with significant French, mulatto, mestizo, Slavic, and Semitic (Jewish and Arab) components. Minority have Amerindian ancestors (primarily Mapuche, Qulla, Wichí, and Toba),[11] Chinese ancestors, Indian/Indo-Caribbean ancestors, and other European and Asian ancestors.

Large communities

Only data for immigrant Argentine Americans are available. The twenty U.S. communities of 500 or more people which have the highest percentages of Argentine immigrants are:[12]

  1. Miami Beach, FL 4.4%
  2. Sunny Isles Beach, FL 4.1%
  3. Plantation Mobile Home Park, FL 4.0%
  4. Bay Harbor Islands, FL 3.5%
  5. North Bay Village, FL and Key Biscayne, FL 3.4%
  6. Deer Park, CA 3.3%
  7. Harbor Hills, NY 3.0%
  8. Surfside, FL 2.6%
  9. Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, FL 2.4%
  10. Acton, CA 2.3%
  11. Aventura, FL 2.1%
  12. Islandia, NY and The Crossings, FL 2.0%
  13. Thomaston, NY and Ojus, FL 1.9%
  14. Doral, FL 1.8%
  15. East Richmond Heights, CA 1.7%
  16. Lebanon, IL 1.6%
  17. Mayland-Pleasant Hill, TN 1.5%
  18. Sunnyslope, CA, Herricks, NY, and La Habra Heights, CA 1.4%
  19. Lawrenceville, NJ and Cutler, FL 1.3%
  20. Gardiner, NY, Miami Shores, FL, Flower Hill, NY, and Groton Long Point, CT 1.2%

Culture

Literature

Media

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "B03001 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN - United States - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
  2. ^ Evolución y Magia. El Camino del Hombre – Janis Roze (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Vuelve distinto y renovado (in Spanish)
  4. ^ Se inauguró en la ciudad de Miami la Avenida República Argentina – Semanario Argentino (in Spanish)
  5. ^ Un latino montando El Diablo en Anaheim – Hoy Los Angeles Archived 2014-03-24 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  6. ^ More Peoples of Las Vegas: One City, Many Faces.
  7. ^ a b c d e Rodriguez, Julio. "Argentinean Americans - Geography, Early history, Spanish rule, Modern era". www.everyculture.com. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  8. ^ a b Arredondo, Patricia (2018). Latinx Immigrants Transcending Acculturation and Xenophobia. Springer. pp. 15–32.
  9. ^ "Facts on Latinos of Argentine origin in the U.S." Pew Research Center's Hispanic Trends Project. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  10. ^ a b "United States - Selected Population Profile in the United States (Argentinian)". 2007 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 30, 2008.
  11. ^ CELS - Informe 1998
  12. ^ "Top 101 cities with the most residents born in Argentina (population 500+)". city-data.com. Retrieved 2008-07-16.
  13. ^ The Routledge companion to Latino/a literature. Bost, Suzanne., Aparicio, Frances R. London. ISBN 9780203097199. OCLC 812914927.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ "Sergio Waisman | Department of Romance, German & Slavic Languages & Literatures | The George Washington University". rgsll.columbian.gwu.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
  15. ^ Samuel Fishwick (19 January 2017). "Anya Taylor-Joy: meet the actress on the cusp of Hollywood superstardom". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  16. ^ Féminis, Patricio (5 December 2020). "Tiene 24 años Intimidades de la infancia argentina de Anya Taylor-Joy, la protagonista de Gambito de dama". Clarín. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Anya Taylor-Joy presentó el Saturday Night Live hablando en "argentino" - Tiempo Argentino".

Further reading