Argentine snake-necked turtle
Hydromedusa tectifera.jpg
Hydromedusa tectifera
in an aquarium in Japan
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Pleurodira
Family: Chelidae
Genus: Hydromedusa
Species:
H. tectifera
Binomial name
Hydromedusa tectifera
Cope, 1869
Synonyms[1]
  • Hydromedusa tectifera
    Cope, 1870
  • Hydromedusa platanensis
    Gray, 1873
  • Hydromedusa wagleri
    Günther, 1884
  • Hydromedusa tectifara [sic]
    Nutaphand, 1979 (ex errore)

The Argentine snake-necked turtle (Hydromedusa tectifera),[2] also known commonly as the South American snake-necked turtle[2] is a species of turtle in the family Chelidae. The species is known for the long neck to which its common names refer. Despite appearances, the Argentine snake-necked turtle is probably more closely related to the mata mata (Chelus fimbriatus) than to the Australian snake-necked turtles in the genus Chelodina.[3] H. tectifera is found in southern Brazil, and northern Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina.[4] Not much is known about it, as it has not been extensively researched.[5] It is a popular pet in the exotic pet trade.

Anatomy and morphology

An Argentine snake-necked turtle caught by mistake on a fishing hook in Brazil.
An Argentine snake-necked turtle caught by mistake on a fishing hook in Brazil.
H. tectifera is in the middle left. To the right of it, face to face, is the mata mata (Chelus fimbriatus).
H. tectifera is in the middle left. To the right of it, face to face, is the mata mata (Chelus fimbriatus).

H. tectifera can reach up to 28 centimeters (11 inches) in straight carapace length. Its carapace is strongly keeled, and it can also be distinguished by black and yellowish markings along its head and neck. Generally, the females are larger than the males which often have larger tails.[3][6]

Natural history

The Argentine snake-necked turtle lives in slow-moving ponds, rivers, streams, and marshes, preferably with aquatic vegetation. In coastal areas, it will enter brackish water, and it may hibernate in colder areas of its distribution. It is carnivorous and eats snails, aquatic insects, fish, and amphibians. It attacks its prey with a combination of matamata-like vacuum suction and the stabbing neck motions of other snake-necked turtles.[3] Courtship and mating has not been extensively observed in this species, although it is known that nesting occurs in the spring at the riverbanks. The eggs are 34 mm × 22 mm (1.34 in × 0.87 in), white, and brittle-shelled. Hatchlings have a straight carapace length of about 34 mm (1.3 in), and have a carapace which is more wrinkled than that of an adult.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 335. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-01. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Zipcodezoo.com Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine URL accessed March 24, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Tortoise.org - Argentine Snake-necked Turtle URL accessed March 24, 2007.
  4. ^ Hydromedusa URL accessed March 28, 2007.
  5. ^ ANIMAL HOUSE SYSTEM FOR FRESHWATER TURTLE URL accessed March 29, 2007.
  6. ^ a b Turtles of the World Archived 2007-12-08 at the Wayback Machine URL accessed March 28, 2007.

Further reading

Data related to Hydromedusa tectifera at Wikispecies