|93rd Arkansas General Assembly|
|Members first elected on or before November 3, 2020: 16 years (consecutive or non-consecutive, both houses), eligible to run again 4 years after their last term ends. Members first elected after November 3, 2020: 12 years (consecutive, both houses), eligible to run again 4 years after their last term ends.|
|Founded||January 30, 1836|
|Preceded by||Arkansas Council (Territorial)|
New session started
|January 11, 2021|
President pro tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article 8, Section 2, Arkansas Constitution|
|Salary||$39,399.84/year + per diem|
|November 3, 2020|
|November 8, 2022|
|Redistricting||Arkansas Board of Apportionment|
Arkansas State Capitol
Little Rock, Arkansas
The Arkansas State Senate is the upper branch of the Arkansas General Assembly. The Senate consists of 35 members, each representing a district with about 83,000 people. Service in the state legislature is part-time, and many state senators have full-time jobs during the rest of the year. During the current term, the Senate contains twenty-seven Republicans, seven Democrats, and one independent.
The Arkansas Senate was created and re-created by the Arkansas Constitution ratified on January 30, 1836. It is now governed by the fifth and current constitution of Arkansas adopted in 1874.
During the Reconstruction era after the American Civil War, the federal government passed the Reconstruction Acts and enfranchised African Americans. Many African Americans served in the Arkansas House and a smaller number in the Ariansas Senate (African-American officeholders during and following the Reconstruction era) until Democrats reasserted white supremacy and barred them from voting and holding office as was done across the American south.
In 1947, the Arkansas Legislative Council committee was created to collect data for legislators and oversee the Bureau of Legislative Research, which is composed of professional, nonpartisan staff to aid in the legislative process. The committee consists of 36 legislators, 16 of which are state senators.
In 1964, Dorathy M. Allen became the first woman elected to the Arkansas Senate. During her time in office, she was the only female in the Arkansas Senate.
Legislators met biennially until a 2008 ballot initiative created annual legislative sessions. In 1992, voters approved term limits of two four-year terms. In 2014, term limits were extended to 16 years cumulative in either house. In 2020, voters approved a constitutional amendment changing terms limits to 12 consecutive years with the opportunity to return after a 4 year break. This change only effects legislators elected after the November 2020 elections. Legislators elected in the November 2020 elections or earlier can serve 16 years consecutively or non-consecutively and return once 4 years have passed from their last term expiring.
Arkansas state senators are responsible for making and amending the laws of Arkansas in collaboration with the Arkansas House of Representatives and the governor. Senators begin the legislative process by submitting bill requests to the staff of the Bureau of Legislative Research that drafts a bill to conform to the author's intent. Bills are then filed with the Secretary of the Arkansas Senate or an assistant secretary of the Arkansas Senate. The legislative process during the legislative session mirrors that of other state legislatures in the United States. Bills are introduced on First Reading and assigned to a committee, vetted by the committee, undergo Second and Third Readings on the floor of the Senate, go to the opposite house of the legislature, and return or go directly to the governor. The governor has veto power, but two-thirds of the membership of both houses of the legislature can override that veto.
State senators are also responsible for approving the governor's appointments and 16 members of the Arkansas Senate serve on the Arkansas Legislative Council and the Joint Auditing Committee. The Arkansas Legislative Council oversees the Bureau of Legislative Research, which provides professional support services for legislators. It also acts as an organizing committee and members on the council exert a greater degree of influence over the legislative process and outcome.
The senators are usually elected for four-year terms. After the U.S. Census every ten years, all Senate districts are redrawn to ensure that they each have approximately the same number of constituents. After redistricting, every senate position appears on the ballot in the next election. Following this, senators draw lots, and 18 are allotted a two-year term while 17 receive a four-year term. This staggers elections so that only half the body is up for re-election every two years.
Two-year terms drawn by a senator after reapportionment do not count against a senator's service under the term limits amendment, which limits Arkansas state senators to two terms of four years. A senator who draws a two-year term can serve for 10 or even 12 years, depending on when they were elected.
They are also limited to serving no more than two four-year terms.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of 88th General Assembly (2012)||20||15||0||35||0|
|Begin 89th General Assembly (2013)||14||21||0||35||0|
|End of 89th General Assembly (2014)||13||22||0|
|Begin 90th General Assembly (2015)||11||24||0||35||0|
|End of 90th General Assembly (2015)||0|
|Begin 91st General Assembly (2017)||9||26||0||35||0|
|November 15, 2017||25||0||34||1|
|November 16, 2017||24||0||33||2|
|February 9, 2018||23||0||32||3|
|June 19, 2018||25||0||34||1|
|93rd General Assembly (2021-2022)||7||27||1||35||0|
|Latest voting share||20%||77.1%||2.9%|
The President of the Senate is the presiding officer of the Arkansas Senate, but the President Pro Tempore is the presiding officer in the absence of the Senate president. In practice, the President Pro Tempore generally serves as the presiding officer. Other Senate leadership positions include Majority leader, Whip and minority party positions. Committee assignments are determined by seniority, according to the rules of the Senate.
|President/Lieutenant Governor||Tim Griffin||Republican|
|President Pro Tempore of the Senate||Jimmy Hickey Jr||Republican||11|
|Assistant Pro Tempore, 1st District||Ron Caldwell||Republican||23|
|Assistant Pro Tempore, 2nd District||Linda Chesterfield||Democrat||30|
|Assistant Pro Tempore, 3rd District||Lance Eads||Republican||7|
|Assistant Pro Tempore, 4th District||Bill Sample||Republican||14|
|Majority Leader||Scott Flippo||Republican||17|
|Majority Whip||Mathew Pitsch||Republican||8|
|Minority Leader||Keith Ingram||Democratic||24|
|Minority Whip||Larry Teague||Democratic||10|
Current committees include:
|District||Name||Party||Residence||First elected||Seat up||Term-limited|
|1||Bart Hester||Rep||Cave Springs||2012||2024||2028|
|8||Mathew Pitsch||Rep||Fort Smith||2018||2022||2034|
|11||Jimmy Hickey Jr.||Rep||Texarkana||2012||2024||2028|
|14||Bill Sample||Rep||Hot Springs||2010||2022||2026|
|15||Mark Johnson||Rep||Little Rock||2018||2022||2034|
|16||Breanne Davis||Rep||Russellville||2018 (special)||2024||2034|
|17||Scott Flippo||Rep||Mountain Home||2014||2022||2030|
|18||Missy Irvin||Rep||Mountain View||2010||2022||2026|
|24||Keith Ingram||Dem||West Memphis||2012||2022||2028|
|25||Stephanie Flowers||Dem||Pine Bluff||2010||2024||2026|
|27||Trent Garner||Rep||El Dorado||2016||2024||2032|
|29||Ricky Hill||Rep||Cabot||2018 (special)||2024||2034|
|30||Linda Chesterfield||Dem||Little Rock||2010||2022||2026|
|31||Joyce Elliott||Dem||Little Rock||2008||2022||2024|
|32||Clarke Tucker||Dem||Little Rock||2014||2024||2032|
|34||Jane English||Rep||North Little Rock||2012||2024||2028|
Main article: Political party strength in Arkansas