Armoy
Armoy Round Tower and Church 2014 09 15.jpg

St Patrick's Church and the round tower
Armoy is located in Northern Ireland
Armoy
Armoy
Location within Northern Ireland
Population1,122 (2013 Estimate)
Irish grid referenceD067328
• Belfast49 mi (79 km)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBALLYMONEY
Postcode districtBT53
Dialling code028, +44 28
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
55°08′N 6°20′W / 55.13°N 6.33°W / 55.13; -6.33Coordinates: 55°08′N 6°20′W / 55.13°N 6.33°W / 55.13; -6.33

Armoy (from Irish: Oirthear Maí)[2] is a village and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is 5.5 miles (9 km) southwest of Ballycastle and 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Ballymoney. According to an estimate in 2013 by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency it had a population of 1,122.[3]

The village is centred on the River Bush and at the foot of two of the nine Glens of Antrim; Glenshesk and Glentaisie. The Armoy parish also includes part of Knocklayd mountain which lies to the northeast of the village.[4]

It is one of the bigger villages in the area and has two primary schools, shops, a post office, public houses and other community facilities. The village was dominated by public sector housing for many years, but in the late 1980s and early 1990s, new housing developments began around the village.

The village is close to a number of scenic locations including the Dark Hedges, which in recent years has become a popular tourist attraction as the infamous "King's Road" in the HBO series Game of Thrones.[5]

History

A monastic settlement which was founded by Saint Patrick in the 5th Century formerly sat to the northeast of the present day village, in the area of what is now St. Patrick's Parish Church. The site was excavated in recent years and archaeologists uncovered artifacts which date the location to the 6th century. The actual centre of the monastic settlement has yet to be determined, though many scholars believe it may be higher up the slope behind the graveyard on unexcavated ground.

The monastic settlement is said to be built on land given to Patrick by Fergus Mor MacEarca who would succeed his father to become the first Christian king in Ireland. Saint Olcán was a follower of Patrick who came from the area, and was baptised at Dunseverick by Patrick and later became Bishop of Armoy. One of the local primary schools still carries his name.[6]

It is suggested that the original site of the village was built around the monastery and the round tower. However, the village moved to its present-day location on the banks of the River Bush to accommodate the local mills which demanded large volumes of water. Therefore, a location by the riverbank was much more suitable.

The area surrounding the present day church is of special significance as it has several oval shaped tunnels which have been dug under the rock all the way down to a cave at the Lagge crossroads below the church. This tunnel from the tower to the crossroads was used as an escape route as it leads down to the River Bush. The word Lagge is of significance as it translates as hollow and legend has it that a giant lifted an ‘L’- shaped section of the ground at Lagge Cross and threw it into the sea creating Rathlin Island.

Places of interest

Armoy Presbyterian Church
Armoy Presbyterian Church

Events

In recent years Armoy has played host to what has become one of the stand out events in the Irish Road Racing calendar, The Armoy Road Race, also known as "The Race of Legends".[9]

The event was first ran in 2009 and usually takes place at the end of July/start of August every year. The track itself is 3 mile long circuit made up of public roads and runs through a part of the village. The grid for the races is set up in a grand prix style with up to 27 riders starting each race. The start/finish line is located along the A44 Hillside Road just to the north of the village on the main road to Ballycastle.[10]

Community development

The commercial and community life of the village has been greatly enhanced by a community regeneration project at the junction of Main Street and Drones Road. The Tilley Molloy Project, implemented under the International Fund for Ireland's Community Regeneration and Improvement Special Programme (CRISP), was undertaken by Armoy Community Development Association and completed in 2000. This redevelopment of a key derelict site at the entrance to the village provided four shop units, four apartments, community care facilities and public toilets. The physical environment of the village has been further enhanced by a new Riverside Park developed by the District Council, and an environmental improvement scheme on Main Street carried out as part of the CRISP project.

Geography

Armoy is situated in the picturesque Glens of Antrim, an area renowned for its valleys shaped by glaciers during the ice age.[11] The Armoy Moraine is located on the outskirts of the village in an area known locally as The Lagge, where the Round Tower and St. Patrick's Church now sit. Deposited here as a result of the last glacial event in Ulster it deflected the River Bush to west, blocking its previous path northwards to the sea at Ballycastle. Today the River Bush now flows west through the village, towards Stranocum and eventually reaches the sea through Bushmills and Portballintrae.

Transport

Armoy railway station opened on 18 October 1880 and was shut on 3 July 1950.[12] It was on the Ballycastle Railway, a narrow gauge railway which ran for 17 miles linking Ballycastle to Ballymoney, on the Belfast and Northern Counties Railway (BNCR), later Northern Counties Committee (NCC), main line to Londonderry.[13]

The Troubles

On 15 April 1978 RUC officer John Moore was killed by an IRA booby trap bomb attached to his car.[14]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Reynolds, Charlie. "The Aul' Hand". Ulster-Scots Academy. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Oirthear Maí (Armoy)". Placenames Database of Ireland. www.logainm.ie. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Electoral Ward information for Armoy". Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service (NINIS). Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA).
  4. ^ Agency, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research. "statistics". www.ninis2.nisra.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Dark Hedges - Game of Thrones". Discover Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Armoy". Causeway Coastal Route. Archived from the original on 13 July 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Gracehill House & Golf Club". Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Armoy Armada". Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  9. ^ "The Armoy Road Race". Archived from the original on 30 July 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Circuit Information". The Armoy Road Race. Archived from the original on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Armoy Geology". Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Armoy station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
  13. ^ Baker, Michael HC (1999). Irish Narrow Gauge Railways. A View from the Past. Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-2680-7.
  14. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "Chronological List of Deaths 1978". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). University of Ulster. Archived from the original on 22 October 2021. Retrieved 24 December 2021.