Arnett, Oklahoma
Ellis County courthouse
Location of Arnett within Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°8′4″N 99°46′15″W / 36.13444°N 99.77083°W / 36.13444; -99.77083Coordinates: 36°8′4″N 99°46′15″W / 36.13444°N 99.77083°W / 36.13444; -99.77083
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyEllis
Founded1900
Incorporated1909
Area
 • Total0.43 sq mi (1.11 km2)
 • Land0.43 sq mi (1.11 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,447 ft (746 m)
Population
 • Total524
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
481
 • Density1,121.21/sq mi (432.86/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73832
Area code(s)580
FIPS code40-02800 [4]
GNIS feature ID1089707 [5]

Arnett is a town in and the county seat of Ellis County, Oklahoma, United States.[6] The population was 524 at the 2010 census, an 0.77 percent increase from 520 at the 2000 census.[7]

History

The townsite came about at the junction of local trading routes. A post office was established at the townsite in 1902, with William G. Brown as the postmaster. Brown is said to have named the post office Arnett after A. S. Arnett, Brown's minister from Fayetteville, West Virginia.[8][9][10]

After statehood in 1907, several county boundaries changed, and the southern part of old Day County was added to the southwestern part of Woodward County to become Ellis County. An election to locate the county seat was held in June of 1908, and resulted in a runoff between Arnett and Shattuck, Oklahoma. Arnett won and remains the county seat today.[11]

Geography

Arnett is located at 36°8′4″N 99°46′15″W / 36.13444°N 99.77083°W / 36.13444; -99.77083 (36.134368, −99.770826)[12] at an elevation of 2,447 feet (746 m).[5] It lies approximately 9 miles (14 km) north-northeast of the Canadian River in the rolling Red Plains region of the Great Plains. Located in northwestern Oklahoma at the junction of U.S. Route 60 and U.S. Route 283, Arnett is 131 mi (211 km) west-northwest of Oklahoma City, 135 mi (217 km) northeast of Amarillo, and 172 mi (277 km) southwest of Wichita.[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all land.

Climate

Arnett has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature in Arnett is 57 °F (13 °C),[14] and the average yearly precipitation is 25.4 inches (644 mm). On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and May is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Arnett was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1951; the coldest temperature recorded was -12 °F (-24 °C) in 1959.[15]

Climate data for Arnett, Oklahoma, United States
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
88
(31)
93
(34)
98
(37)
102
(39)
110
(43)
109
(43)
110
(43)
105
(41)
99
(37)
88
(31)
87
(31)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7)
51
(11)
59
(15)
69
(21)
77
(25)
86
(30)
91
(33)
90
(32)
82
(28)
71
(22)
57
(14)
47
(8)
69
(21)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33
(1)
37
(3)
46
(8)
57
(14)
66
(19)
75
(24)
80
(27)
79
(26)
70
(21)
59
(15)
46
(8)
35
(2)
57
(14)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
62
(17)
66
(19)
65
(18)
57
(14)
45
(7)
32
(0)
23
(−5)
44
(6)
Record low °F (°C) −12
(−24)
−9
(−23)
−6
(−21)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
43
(6)
52
(11)
49
(9)
30
(−1)
14
(−10)
5
(−15)
−11
(−24)
−12
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.63
(16)
0.95
(24)
1.95
(50)
2.23
(57)
4.54
(115)
3.50
(89)
2.08
(53)
2.41
(61)
2.47
(63)
2.15
(55)
1.44
(37)
1.01
(26)
25.36
(646)
Source: The Weather Channel;[15] Weatherbase[14]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910511
1920404−20.9%
19304265.4%
194052924.2%
195069030.4%
1960547−20.7%
197071130.0%
19807140.4%
1990547−23.4%
2000520−4.9%
20105240.8%
2019 (est.)481[3]−8.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census of 2010, there were 524 people living in the town.[2] The population density was 1,300 people per square mile (478/km2). There were 281 housing units at an average density of 666.4 per square mile (258.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.35% White, 0.38% African American, 0.96% Native American, 1.15% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population.

There were 238 households, out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 39.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,618, and the median income for a family was $29,861. Males had a median income of $24,250 versus $13,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,512. About 12.8% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Arnett Public Schools operates one school in the town, Arnett School (Grades Pre-K-12).[17]

Transportation

U.S. Route 60 and SH-51 run concurrently east–west through Arnett. U.S. Route 283, a north–south highway which meets U.S. 60 and SH-51 roughly one-half mile east of town, runs concurrently east–west with U.S. 60 and SH-51 through town. Arnett is also the southern terminus of SH-46 which runs north–south.

Media

Arnett has a weekly newspaper, The Ellis County Capital.[18]

Historical Sites

The Ellis County Courthouse, built in 1912, is in the center of the Courthouse Square in Arnett.[19] The Courthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Ellis County, Oklahoma.[20]

A log cabin sits just south of the Ellis County Courthouse on the Courthouse lawn,[21] variously known as the Historic Log Cabin of Arnett[22] or the Ellis County Log Cabin.[23] It was built in 1893 of huge cedar logs, some as much as 2-1/2 feet across.[21] It was used as a residence until 1939, and soon thereafter disassembled and put back together in Arnett for preservation.[21]

The remains of Grand, Oklahoma, included on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Ellis County, Oklahoma as Grand Town Site, is 14 miles south of Arnett. This town was voted the seat of old Day County in 1893; however, Day County was eliminated at Oklahoma statehood.[24] The post office closed September 30, 1943, and only building footings remain today.[25]

Recreation

Fort Supply Reservoir and Cooper Wildlife Management Area are to the northwest.[26]

Lake Lloyd Vincent and the Ellis County Wildlife Management Area are to the southwest. [27]

Paddlesack Wildlife Management Area is to the south,[28] while the Black Kettle National Grassland is further south.[29]

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Arnett include:

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ CensusViewer:Arnett, Oklahoma Population.
  8. ^ "Ellis County" Towns. - USGenNet
  9. ^ Arnett Archived October 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. - Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. - Oklahoma Historical Society
  10. ^ Shirk, George H., (1987). - Oklahoma Place Names. - Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. - p.12. - ISBN 978-0-8061-2028-7
  11. ^ "Ellis County". Dianna Everett, Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Archived from the original on 5 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  14. ^ a b "Historical Weather for Arnett, Oklahoma, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  15. ^ a b "Average weather for Arnett, OK". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "Arnett Wildcats". Arnett Public Schools. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  18. ^ "About this Newspaper: Ellis County capital". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  19. ^ "Ellis County Courthouse". OklahomaTravel.net. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  20. ^ "Ellis County". Dianna Everett, Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  21. ^ a b c "Log Cabin". OklahomaTravel.net. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  22. ^ "About Us". Town of Arnett. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  23. ^ "History of Ellis County Log Cabin" (PDF). Town of Arnett. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  24. ^ "Day County". Dianna Everett, Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  25. ^ Shirk, George H. Oklahoma Place Names. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987. ISBN 0-8061-2028-2 Accessed March 1, 2020.
  26. ^ "Arnett, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  27. ^ "Ellis County Wildlife Management Area". Google Maps. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  28. ^ "Packsaddle Wildlife Management Area". Google Maps. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  29. ^ "Black Kettle National Grasslands". Google Maps. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  30. ^ "Donald Joseph Gott". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved 2016-06-16.