Flag of the Aromanians

Aromanian nationalism (Aromanian: Natsionalismu armãneascu) is the ideology asserting the Aromanians as a distinct nation. A large number of Aromanians have moved away from nationalist themes such as the creation of a nation state of their own or achieving ethnic autonomy in the countries they live. Despite this, an ethnic-based identity and pride is prevalent in them.[1] In history, Aromanian nationalists often found themselves divided into pro-Greek factions and pro-Romanian ones.[2]

The repeated persecution, attacks and murders against the Aromanians by Greek and Bulgarian gangs in the Ottoman Empire fueled the nationalism of the Aromanians, which was further promoted by the works of some Aromanians in Romania.[3] In 1917, during the presence of Italian troops in Greece in World War I, a group of Aromanian nationalists attempted the creation of an Aromanian state, backed by Romania. However, the Italian troops eventually withdrew, and the Greek authorities sought chasing these figures.[4]

Such a project was revived in World War II after the Axis invasion of Greece, and a Principality of the Pindus was established in 1941, being led by the Aromanian nationalist Alcibiades Diamandi. Despite lacking any real political power, this principality had its own military forces, the Roman Legion, which collaborated with fascist Italian and Nazi German forces. Aromanian was made the official language, the use of Greek was prohibited and the formation of an Aromanian parliament was attempted. However, the Axis forces retreated and the Greek resistance, with several Aromanian members, took over the region in 1944.[5]

Today, a common Aromanian nationalist phrase is S-bãneadzã armãnamea ("Long live the Aromanians").[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Nowicka, Ewa (2016). "Ethnic identity of Aromanians/Vlachs in the 21st century" (PDF). Res Historica. 41: 213–235. doi:10.17951/rh.2016.0.213.
  2. ^ Crețulescu, Vladimir Constantin (2021). "Aromanian ethnicity in the accounts of British travelers through the Balkans (approx. 1800–1860)". Hiperboreea. 8 (1): 38–58. doi:10.5325/hiperboreea.8.1.0038. JSTOR 10.5325/hiperboreea.8.1.0038. S2CID 236719881.
  3. ^ Clark, Roland (2015). "Claiming ethnic privilege: Aromanian immigrants and Romanian fascist politics". Contemporary European History. Cambridge University Press. 24 (1): 37–58. doi:10.1017/S0960777314000411. JSTOR 43299461. S2CID 154589916.
  4. ^ Tușa, Enache (2013). "The Peace of Bucharest of 1913: Political effects and demographic realities in Southern Dobrogea". Revista Română de Studii Eurasiatice. 9 (1–2): 43–52.
  5. ^ Motta, Giuseppe (2011). "The Fight for Balkan Latinity. The Aromanians until World War I" (PDF). Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2 (3): 252–260. doi:10.5901/mjss.2011.v2n3p252. ISSN 2039-2117.
  6. ^ Vulcan, Petru (1996). "Armãna" (in Aromanian). Editura Cartea Aromãnã. ISBN 9789739636094.