Arthur Capper
CAPPER, ARTHUR C. SENATOR LCCN2016860456 (cropped).jpg
United States Senator
from Kansas
In office
March 4, 1919 – January 3, 1949
Preceded byWilliam Thompson
Succeeded byAndrew Schoeppel
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
December 14, 1916 – September 16, 1924
Preceded byWilliam Spry
Succeeded byEmerson Harrington
20th Governor of Kansas
In office
January 11, 1915 – January 13, 1919
LieutenantWilliam Yoast Morgan
Preceded byGeorge H. Hodges
Succeeded byHenry Allen
Personal details
Born(1865-07-14)July 14, 1865
Garnett, Kansas, U.S.
DiedDecember 19, 1951(1951-12-19) (aged 86)
Topeka, Kansas, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Florence Crawford

Arthur Capper (July 14, 1865 – December 19, 1951) was an American politician from Kansas. He was the 20th governor of Kansas (the first born in the state) from 1915 to 1919 and a United States senator from 1919 to 1949. He also owned a radio station (WIBW in Topeka), and was the publisher of a newspaper, the Topeka Daily Capital.[1]

Life and career

Capper was born in Garnett, Kansas. He attended the public schools and learned the art of printing. He became a newspaper publisher, eventually owning several newspapers and two radio stations. The best known of his publications, Capper's Weekly, had an enormous readership among farm families and served as the base of his political support in Kansas. Capper's continues today as a bimonthly glossy magazine that focuses on rural living.

Capper first entered politics in 1912 when he became the Republican candidate for governor of Kansas. In addition to a reputation built from his newspapers, he was also the son-in-law of former governor Samuel J. Crawford. He was defeated by Democrat George H. Hodges. However, Capper was elected governor in the next election in 1914 and served as governor of Kansas from 1915 until 1919, winning re-election in 1916. He was the first native Kansan to serve as the state's governor.

Postcard for 1912 campaign for governor
Postcard for 1912 campaign for governor

Having served two full terms as governor, Capper was not permitted to run for a third term by the Kansas State Constitution. Instead, in 1918 he ran for election to the United States Senate and won. Capper became a long-serving senator, representing Kansas for five 6-year terms. He was in the Senate from 1919 to 1949, and prominent among Republicans who supported the relief efforts and other policies of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's administration. He did not seek reelection in 1948.

Capper was particularly interested in issues relating to agriculture. Before his time as governor, he served as president of the Board of Regents of Kansas State Agricultural College (now known as Kansas State University) from 1910 to 1913. While in the United States Senate, he at times served as chairman of the Committee of Expenditures of the Department of Agriculture and the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. He also at times served as chairman of the Committee on Claims and the Committee on the District of Columbia. In the latter role he played a crucial part in starting the D.C. Alley Dwelling Authority in 1934, the first housing authority in the country.[2] He co-sponsored the Capper–Volstead Act. In 1923 Senator Capper brought forward a constitutional amendment with an anti-miscegenation provision outlawing mixed-race marriages, but struck out the passage after protest from African-American organizations and stated it was an unnecessary troublemaker. The withdrawal of this section by the Senator was made easier because he himself did not write the bill. It was drawn by the attorney of the American Federation of Women's Clubs.[3]

In April 1943 a confidential analysis by British scholar Isaiah Berlin of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for the British Foreign Office described Capper as:

a solid, stolid, 78-year-old reactionary from the corn belt, who is the very voice of Mid-Western "grass root" isolationism. A newspaper proprietor who was once described as contriving to sit on the fence and keep both ears on the ground at the same time. Like Johnson and Nye, an unwavering opponent of all the Administration's foreign policies, including reciprocal trade.[4]

Capper became chairman of the Senate's Agriculture Committee in 1946; by that point, at the age of 81, he was nearly deaf and his speech was difficult to understand.[5] He joined the Congressional Flying Club in 1947 at the age of 82 and took up flying lessons, as the oldest member of Congress, from Mrs. Pearle Robinson part owner of the Hybla Valley Airport just outside of Washington, D.C.[6][7]

After retiring from the Senate, Capper returned to his home in Topeka, Kansas, where he continued in the newspaper publishing business until his death. He was buried in Topeka Cemetery in a plot adjacent to Governor Crawford.

Capper publications

Arthur Capper was the owner of the Capper Building in Topeka, Kansas, and the Capper publications, which over time included the Daily Capital (Topeka, Kansas), the North Topeka Mail, the Kansas Breeze (which later merged with the Mail to form Farmers Mail and Breeze), Missouri Valley Farmer, Capper’s Weekly, Nebraska Farm Journal, Missouri Ruralist, Oklahoma Farmer, and The Household Magazine.[8]

A collection of his correspondences includes two letters of complaint from inmates at Parsons State Hospital.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Arthur Capper of Kansas Dies; Senator 30 Years." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 20, 1951, p. 18.
  2. ^ Paige, Jerome S.; Reuss, Margaret M. (May 1982). Safe, Decent and Affordable: Citizen Struggles to Improve Housing in the District of Columbia, 1890-1982 (Studies in D.C. History and Public Policy, Paper No. 6). Washington, D.C.: University of the District of Columbia, D.C. History and Public Policy Project. p. 5.
  3. ^ "Miscegenation", Time, July 23, 1923
  4. ^ Hachey, Thomas E. (Winter 1973–1974). "American Profiles on Capitol Hill: A Confidential Study for the British Foreign Office in 1943" (PDF). Wisconsin Magazine of History. 57 (2): 141–153. JSTOR 4634869. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 21, 2013.
  5. ^ Dirk Johnson and David Herszenhorn, "In South Dakota Race, Gauging the Impact of a Senator's Health", The New York Times, October 23, 2008, page A16.
  6. ^ "The Senator is Learning to Fly". The Daily Times-News. Burlington, North Carolina. August 15, 1947 – via Newspapers.com open access.
  7. ^ "Sen. Capper, 82, Learning to Fly". Harrisburg Telegraph. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. August 14, 1947 – via Newspapers.com open access.
  8. ^ Connelley, William Elsey (2017). History of Kansas newspapers. William Elsey Connelley. p. 44.
  9. ^ "Parsons State Hospital Inmates Complain".

Further reading


Party political offices Preceded byWalter R. Stubbs Republican nominee for Governor of Kansas 1912, 1914, 1916 Succeeded byHenry Allen Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Kansas(Class 2) 1918, 1924, 1930, 1936, 1942 Succeeded byAndrew Schoeppel Political offices Preceded byGeorge H. Hodges Governor of Kansas 1915–1919 Succeeded byHenry Allen Preceded byWilliam Spry Chair of the National Governors Association 1916–1918 Succeeded byEmerson Harrington U.S. Senate Preceded byWilliam Thompson United States Senator (Class 2) from Kansas 1919–1949 Served alongside: Charles Curtis, Henry Allen, George McGill, Clyde M. Reed Succeeded byAndrew Schoeppel Preceded byElmer Thomas Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee 1947–1949 Succeeded byElmer Thomas