Arthur Grumiaux
Background information
Birth nameArthur Grumiaux
Born(1921-03-21)21 March 1921
Villers-Perwin, Belgium
Died16 October 1986(1986-10-16) (aged 65)
Brussels, Belgium

Baron Arthur Grumiaux (French: [gʁymjo]; 21 March 1921 – 16 October 1986) was a Belgian violinist, considered by some to have been "one of the few truly great violin virtuosi of the twentieth century".[1] He has been noted for having a "consistently beautiful tone and flawless intonation".[2] English music critic and broadcaster, Edward Greenfield wrote of him that he was "a master virtuoso who consistently refused to make a show of his technical prowess".[2]

Early life

Born to a working-class family in the Belgian town of Villers-Perwin, on 21 March 1921,[3] Grumiaux was only three years old when his grandfather urged him to begin music studies. He entered the conservatoire in Charleroi at the age of six; the normal entry age was eleven. He studied violin and piano there until the age of eleven, when he graduated and moved to the Royal Conservatoire in Brussels to study violin.[4]


Arthur Grumiaux (1965)

He variously has been described as having made his debut in Brussels at the age of 14,[4] or in 1935,[3] although his debut is more commonly said to have occurred in 1940.[5][6][7] This performance was made in Belgium with the Brussels Philharmonic playing Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto.[6]

Due to the German invasion of his homeland, he next played publicly after liberation in 1945 with the Allied military entertainment organisation,[8][9] making his London debut later that year.[5][6] In 1949 he was appointed professor of violin at the Brussels Conservatoire where he had once studied.[5][10] He debuted in the United States in Boston in 1951, and toured the United States in the following year.[8][11]

In 1973 he was created a baron by King Baudouin of Belgium for his services to music.[10]


He died of a sudden stroke in Brussels (Belgium) in 1986 at the age of 65.[3]


Grumiaux had a long-standing relationship with Philips Records, lasting more than 20 years, and recordings are available from them of him performing works by Handel, Bach, Vivaldi, Michael Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Bruch, Tchaikovsky, Saint-Saëns, Lalo, Henryk Wieniawski, and Johan Svendsen.[12][13]

He was part of the Grumiaux Trio for many years, an ensemble consisting of Grumiaux, violist Georges Janzer and cellist Eva Czako. They recorded for Philips during the 1960s through to the mid-1970s, until Czako's death in 1978.[14][15] Their discography includes chamber music by Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, Dvořák, Martinů and Mozart. In 1967 they recorded a highly-acclaimed interpretation of Mozart's String Trio in E-flat major, K. 563 for Philips that is regarded by critics as one of the greatest chamber music recordings in history.[16] In 1974 the Trio recorded Mozart's string quintets, with the addition of violists Arpad Gerécz and Max Lesueur, for Philips, which were included in the 1991 Complete Mozart Edition.[17]

A recording of Grumiaux's performance of one movement from Bach's Sonatas and Partitas for Solo Violin, the "Gavotte en rondeaux" from the Partita No. 3, is included on the Voyager Golden Record, attached to the Voyager spacecraft, as a sample of the culture of Earth.[18] This recording was chosen by renowned scientist Carl Sagan.

His violins

He owned a Guarneri, the "Rose", made by Giuseppe Guarneri in 1744,[19] and played (but did not own[20]) a Stradivarius, the "General Dupont", made in 1727.[21] He also owned the "Museum", made by Giuseppe Guarneri in 1739, and the "Campoli", made by Giovanni Guadagnini in 1773.[22]

Violin Competition

Main article: International Arthur Grumiaux Competition for Young Violinists

Logo of the competition

The Arthur Grumiaux International Violin Competition is held annually and takes place at the Royal Conservatory of Brussels in Belgium.[23][24] It was first held in 2008 under the name of "Bravo",[25] In 2015, the competition was renamed in honour of Arthur Grumiaux,[26] and is now called Concours International Arthur Grumiaux pour Jeunes Violonistes (International Arthur Grumiaux Competition for Young Violinists).[27]


  1. ^ "Arthur Grumiaux | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Artist". Gramophone. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c State, Paul F. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 190. ISBN 9780810879218.
  4. ^ a b Campbell, Margaret (2011). "34 The Musician's Musician". The Great Violinists. Faber and Faber. p. 167. ISBN 9780571277452.
  5. ^ a b c "Arthur Grumiaux, Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 October 2023.
  6. ^ a b c Burgess, Patricia; Turner, Roland (1989). The Annual Obituary. St. James Press. p. 580. ISBN 9781558620131.
  7. ^ Roth, Henry (1997). Violin Virtuosos: From Paganini to the 21st Century. California Classic Books. p. 203.
  8. ^ a b Campbell, Margaret (2011). "34 The Musician's Musician". The Great Violinists. Faber and Faber. p. 168. ISBN 9780571277452.
  9. ^ Lloyd, Stephen (2014). Constant Lambert: Beyond the Rio Grande. Boydell Press. p. 332. ISBN 9781843838982.
  10. ^ a b "Legendary Violinists: Arthur Grumiaux".
  11. ^ "Arthur Grumiaux: The Boston Recordings". Parnassus Classical CDs and Records.
  12. ^ "ARTHUR GRUMIAUX: PHILIPS RECORDINGS 1955–1978". Classics Today.
  13. ^ "Arthur Grumiaux – Philips Recordings 1955–1977". Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Grumiaux Trio". Discogs. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  15. ^ "Eva Czako". Discogs. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  16. ^ Mozart – Das Grumiaux Trio – Divertimento Es Dur, KV 563 Für Violine, Viola Und Violoncello, 1967, retrieved 11 August 2023
  17. ^ Mozart, Arthur Grumiaux – String Quintets, 1991, retrieved 11 August 2023
  18. ^ "Golden Record: Music From Earth". JPL.
  19. ^ "The Art of Arthur Grumiaux". Audiophile Audition. 26 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Rare Violins of New York "General Dupont"".
  21. ^ "Frank Peter Zimmermann receives 'General Dupont', 'Grumiaux' Stradivarius on long-term loan". The Strad. 20 January 2016. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  22. ^ "Browse the Cozio Archive Arthur Grumiaux".
  23. ^ "Revivez le concert des lauréats du Concours Grumiaux 2016". RTBF (in French). 1 February 2016.
  24. ^ "Un prestigieux concours international pour jeunes violonistes a lieu à Namur". RTBF (in French). 10 February 2016.
  25. ^ "8ème CONCOURS INTERNATIONAL "Arthur Grumiaux"". Institut Supérieur de Musique et de Pédagogie (in French). Archived from the original on 26 December 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  26. ^ "Concours pour violonistes". (in French). 23 March 2015.
  27. ^ "Contact". Best of Violin (in French).

Further reading