Artur Chilingarov
Артур Чилингаров
Chilingarov in 2019
Member of the State Duma (Party List Seat)
In office
5 October 2016 – 1 June 2024
In office
24 December 2007 – 21 December 2011
Russian Federation Senator from Tula Oblast
Representing the Executive
In office
14 November 2011 – 1 October 2014
Preceded byAnatoly Vaskov [ru]
Succeeded byYulia Veprintseva [ru]
Member of the State Duma for Nenets Autonomous Okrug
In office
11 January 1994 – 24 December 2007
Preceded byconstituency established
Succeeded by
ConstituencyNenets (No. 218)
Personal details
Born(1939-09-25)25 September 1939
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, USSR
Died1 June 2024(2024-06-01) (aged 84)
Moscow, Russia
NationalityRussian Armenian
Political party
SpouseTatyana Chilingarova
Children
  • Nikolay
  • Ksenia
EducationLeningrad Higher Marine Engineering School (DSc)
Occupation
  • Scientist
  • Explorer
ReligionRussian Orthodox


Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
Signature

Artur Nikolaevich Chilingarov (Russian: Артур Николаевич Чилингаров; 25 September 1939 – 1 June 2024) was an Armenian-Russian polar explorer, a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1986 and the title of Hero of the Russian Federation in 2008. He was the president of State Polar Academy.

Chilingarov was a member of the United Russia party; he was a member of the State Duma from 1993 to 2011, and again from 2016 until his death in 2024[1] and was the representative of Tula Oblast in the Federation Council between 2011 and 2014.

Biography

Chilingarov was born in Leningrad to Russian mother and Armenian father. His father was born in Gyumri (Leninakan) and moved to Vladikavkaz at a young age.[2]

In 1963, he graduated from the Arctic faculty of the S.O. Makarov Leningrad Higher Marine Engineering School (now the Admiral S. O. Makarov State Maritime Academy). As an engineer-oceanographer, he was directed to the Tiksi observatory of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. In 1965, he was elected first secretary of the Bulun Komsomol district committee. In 1969, he was appointed head of the drift ice station "North Pole-19" and, in 1971, Chilingarov headed the Bellingshausen Station of the 17th Soviet Antarctic Expedition.

Between 1974 and 1979, he worked in the Western sector of the Arctic as head of the Amderma Administration of hydrometeorology and environmental control. Under his direction, new forms of Arctic operative navigation support were implemented; for the first time, experimental work on cargo transfers to fast ice during wintertime were carried out in the Yamal Peninsula. Chilingarov summarized his experience in navigation support on the Northern Sea Route in his dissertation for the scientific degree of a kandidat of geographical sciences.

In 1985, he headed the special expedition on the research vessel Mikhail Somov [ru], which was ice-blocked in the Southern Ocean. For successful performance of the rescue operations in extreme conditions and for displayed organizational abilities and courage, Chilingarov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union on 14 February 1986.[3]

In January 2002, he led an expedition to the South Pole along with 14 other tourists on an Antonov An-3 biplane. When a mechanical problem grounded the aircraft at the South Pole, Chilingarov and other VIPs were flown by American Hercules LC130 aircraft to McMurdo and then onward to Christchurch. The rest of the group arranged a pick-up from Adventure Network International, who operate tourist flights to the South Pole.[4] In January 2007, he led a helicopter expedition to Antarctica, he was joined by FSB chief Nikolay Patrushev and visited the South Pole and Amundsen-Scott station.[5]

During the 2007 Russian North Pole expedition, Chilingarov, accompanied by five other explorers from different countries, descended on two Mir submersibles to the seabed 13,980 feet below the North Pole in order to plant the Russian flag there and gather specimens of the seabed.[6] In regard to the territorial claims in the Arctic, Chilingarov was quoted as saying, "The Arctic is Russian. We must prove the North Pole is an extension of the Russian landmass".[7]

In July 2008, Russia announced it was sending Mir submersibles to descend one mile to the bottom of Lake Baikal to conduct geological and biological tests on its unique ecosystem. Chilingarov is scheduled to join in 60 dives in total.[8] On 29 July 2008, Chilingarov took part in a dive to a depth of 1,580 meters in Lake Baikal, just short of the record 1,637 meters.[9]

On 10 January 2008, Chilingarov was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation for "courage and heroism displayed in extreme conditions and for the successful completion of the High-Latitude Arctic Deep-Water Expedition."[10]

In December 2012, Chilingarov supported the anti-Magnitsky bill to ban U.S. adoptions of Russian orphans, although he said earlier that there was no need to rush the legislation: "It concerns children, and you have to be accurate with it".[11]

Chilingarov died in Moscow on 1 June 2024, at the age of 84.[12]

Awards

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See also

References

  1. ^ Выборное правительство. Регионы распределены между министрами-единороссами (in Russian). Yarnovosti.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Armenians of the World-Arthur Chilingarov" (in Armenian). Shant TV. 12 November 2011. Archived from the original on 19 December 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov" (in Russian). Warheroes.ru. Archived from the original on 9 September 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  4. ^ "RUSSIAN VIP SOUTH POLE VISIT 2002". Newzeal.com. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Patrushev lands at the South Pole during Antarctic expedition". Interfax.ru. Archived from the original on 8 February 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Сагалевич рассказал о погружении с Чилингаровым на дно Северного Ледовитого океана". Известия (in Russian). 1 June 2024. Retrieved 1 June 2024.
  7. ^ "Russia ahead in Arctic 'gold rush'". BBC News. 1 August 2007. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  8. ^ Doward, Jamie; McKie, Robin; Parfitt, Tom (28 July 2007). "Russia leads race for North Pole oil". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 June 2024. Retrieved 1 June 2024.
  9. ^ "Russia sub's deep lake dive fails to set record". Reuters. Reuters.com. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  10. ^ Президент России Указ «О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации» (in Russian). Kremlin.ru. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  11. ^ "Adoption Ban Passes Unanimously". The Moscow Times. 28 December 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Путин выразил соболезнования в связи со смертью Чилингарова". РИА Новости (in Russian). 1 June 2024. Archived from the original on 3 June 2024. Retrieved 1 June 2024.