Tolis khagan or khan
𐱅𐰇𐰠𐰾𐰴𐰍𐰣
突利可汗
Lesser Khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate
Reign611-631
PredecessorYami Qaghan
SuccessorAshina Heluohu
BornAshina Shibobi
阿史那什缽苾
602
Died632
SpousePrincess Huainan (淮南公主)
IssueAshina Heluohu
HouseAshina
FatherShibi Qaghan

Ashina Shibobi (born 602, Old Turkic regnal name: 𐱅𐰇𐰠𐰾𐰴𐰍𐰣, Töles qaγan) — was a lesser khagan (or Qaghan equivalent to Emperor), who ruled the eastern wing of Eastern Turkic Khaganate.

Early life

Ashina Shibobi was born to Shibi Qaghan. Shibobi created Nipu shad by Chuluo Qaghan and Tolis khagan by Illig Qaghan.[1][2]

Career

After the downfall of the Sui Dynasty, Ashina Shibobi joined his uncle, Illig Qaghan's raids against Tang. On the 12th of August 624, their armies clashed West of Binzhou. Taizong then went to Shibobi to seek a peace deal.[3]

In 628, Kumo Xi tribes rose in rebellion against Tujue. Shibobi was unsuccessful in defeating the rebels, which made the khagan angry. After Yukuk Shad was defeated by Huige chief Yaoluge Pusa, Shibobi was ordered to pursue and defeat Yaoluge Pusa, but in late April, he was defeated. Illig ordered him to be flogged and imprisoned for 10 days. Taizong used this opportunity to encourage Shibobi to flee to Tang.[3]

On 21 April 628, Shibobi asked Taizong to help him fight Illig.[1] In December of the following year, Shibobi fully submitted to Tang and was given 700 families as a reward to serves as general in the dynasty. He died on his way to Changan, near Bingzhou.[citation needed]

Family

He married Princess Huainan (淮南公主), daughter of Emperor Yang of Sui.

References

  1. ^ a b Hung, Hing Ming (2013). Li Shi Min, Founding the Tang Dynasty: The Strategies that Made China the Greatest Empire in Asia. Algora Publishing. ISBN 9780875869803.
  2. ^ Old Book of Tang Vol. 194-1
  3. ^ a b Ahmet., Taşağil (1995–2004). Gök-Türkler. Atatürk Kültür, Dil, ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu (Turkey). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi. ISBN 975161113X. OCLC 33892575.