Ashland County
Ashland County Courthouse
Ashland County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Ashland County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°43′N 90°34′W / 46.71°N 90.56°W / 46.71; -90.56
Country United States
State Wisconsin
FoundedMarch 27, 1860
Named forHenry Clay's farm Ashland
SeatAshland
Largest cityAshland
Area
 • Total2,292 sq mi (5,940 km2)
 • Land1,045 sq mi (2,710 km2)
 • Water1,247 sq mi (3,230 km2)  54%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total16,020
 • Density7.0/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.ashland.wi.us

Ashland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,020.[1] Its county seat is Ashland.[2] The county was formed on March 27, 1860, from La Pointe County.[3]

History

Ashland County was named in honor of the Lexington estate of Kentucky statesman Henry Clay, as one of the founders of the city of Ashland was an admirer of Clay.[4][5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,292 square miles (5,940 km2), of which 1,045 square miles (2,710 km2) is land and 1,247 square miles (3,230 km2) (54%) is water.[6] It is the second-largest county in Wisconsin by total area. The Apostle Islands are a small group of islands in Lake Superior, off the Bayfield Peninsula with the majority of the islands located in Ashland County — only Sand, York and Raspberry Islands are in Bayfield County.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Railroads

Buses

Airports

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860515
1870221−57.1%
18801,559605.4%
189020,0631,186.9%
190020,1760.6%
191021,9658.9%
192024,53811.7%
193021,054−14.2%
194021,8013.5%
195019,461−10.7%
196017,375−10.7%
197016,743−3.6%
198016,7830.2%
199016,307−2.8%
200016,8663.4%
201016,157−4.2%
2020 (est.)15,415[7]−4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2020[12]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Ashland County
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Ashland County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,157 people living in the county. 84.6% were White, 11.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.3% of some other race and 3.3% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 25.6% were of German, 7.6% Finnish, 6.8% American, 6.5% Irish and 5.3% Norwegian ancestry.[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 16,866 people, 6,718 households, and 4,279 families living in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 8,883 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.10% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 10.35% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.8% were of German, 8.4% Finnish, 7.4% Polish, 7.4% Norwegian, 7.3% Swedish and 5.4% Irish ancestry. 96.6% spoke English as their first language. The reservation of the Bad River Chippewa Band is partially located in the county.

There were 6,718 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.30% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.20% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

In 2017, there were 194 births, giving a general fertility rate of 73.1 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the eleventh highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.[15] Additionally, there were no reported induced abortions performed on women of Ashland County residence in 2017.[16]

Communities

Ashland County, Wisconsin from 1895 U.S. Atlas
Ashland County, Wisconsin from 1895 U.S. Atlas
Entrance sign on U.S. Route 2
Entrance sign on U.S. Route 2

Cities

Village

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Ashland County is consistently Democratic. It has voted for the Democrat in every presidential election since 1932, with the exceptions of 1952 and 1956 when it backed Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower's two successful bids for the presidency.

United States presidential election results for Ashland County, Wisconsin[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,841 43.86% 4,801 54.82% 115 1.31%
2016 3,303 41.12% 4,226 52.61% 503 6.26%
2012 2,820 33.68% 5,399 64.49% 153 1.83%
2008 2,634 30.72% 5,818 67.86% 122 1.42%
2004 3,313 36.01% 5,805 63.10% 81 0.88%
2000 3,038 38.50% 4,356 55.21% 496 6.29%
1996 1,863 27.41% 3,808 56.02% 1,127 16.58%
1992 2,372 28.26% 4,213 50.20% 1,808 21.54%
1988 2,926 39.11% 4,526 60.49% 30 0.40%
1984 3,517 42.54% 4,680 56.60% 71 0.86%
1980 3,262 37.56% 4,469 51.46% 954 10.98%
1976 3,045 38.25% 4,688 58.89% 228 2.86%
1972 3,478 46.93% 3,771 50.88% 162 2.19%
1968 2,557 35.74% 4,147 57.96% 451 6.30%
1964 2,198 28.96% 5,383 70.91% 10 0.13%
1960 3,470 42.70% 4,644 57.14% 13 0.16%
1956 4,121 52.70% 3,677 47.03% 21 0.27%
1952 4,451 53.50% 3,828 46.01% 41 0.49%
1948 3,135 41.75% 4,110 54.73% 264 3.52%
1944 3,183 40.60% 4,609 58.80% 47 0.60%
1940 3,592 38.59% 5,586 60.01% 131 1.41%
1936 2,439 28.10% 5,904 68.01% 338 3.89%
1932 2,646 31.77% 5,405 64.90% 277 3.33%
1928 3,639 49.36% 3,570 48.43% 163 2.21%
1924 2,272 32.44% 449 6.41% 4,283 61.15%
1920 4,005 70.94% 1,081 19.15% 560 9.92%
1916 1,998 51.98% 1,582 41.16% 264 6.87%
1912 937 26.83% 1,451 41.54% 1,105 31.63%
1908 2,259 54.21% 1,582 37.96% 326 7.82%
1904 3,406 71.40% 1,004 21.05% 360 7.55%
1900 3,034 63.97% 1,557 32.83% 152 3.20%
1896 2,738 59.70% 1,743 38.01% 105 2.29%
1892 2,283 46.46% 2,436 49.57% 195 3.97%


See also

References

  1. ^ Bureau, US Census. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Wisconsin History: La Pointe County (obsolete)
  4. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society. "Term: Ashland County [origin of place name]". Dictionary of Wisconsin History. Retrieved April 26, 2009.
  5. ^ "Here's How Iron Got Its Name". The Rhinelander Daily News. June 16, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2014 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  7. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2020". Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  12. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder"
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ "Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables". Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  16. ^ Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 9, 2020.

Coordinates: 46°43′N 90°34′W / 46.71°N 90.56°W / 46.71; -90.56