Atami
熱海市
Beach in Atami City with sea bathers
Beach in Atami City with sea bathers
Flag of Atami
Official logo of Atami
Location of Atami in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Atami in Shizuoka Prefecture
Atami is located in Japan
Atami
Atami
 
Coordinates: 35°05′45.5″N 139°4′17.6″E / 35.095972°N 139.071556°E / 35.095972; 139.071556Coordinates: 35°05′45.5″N 139°4′17.6″E / 35.095972°N 139.071556°E / 35.095972; 139.071556
Country Japan
RegionChūbu
Prefecture Shizuoka
First official recorded699 AD
City SettledApril 10, 1937
Government
 • MayorSakae Saitō
Area
 • Total61.78 km2 (23.85 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2020)
 • Total34,233
 • Density554.1/km2 (1,435/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
Postal code
413-8550
Phone number0557-86-6000
Address1-1 Chūō-chō, Atami-shi, Shizuoka-ken
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdCommon gull
FlowerUme
TreeSakura
Atami City Hall
Atami City Hall
View of 1900 in Atami
View of 1900 in Atami
View of Atami
View of Atami
Atami at night
Atami at night
Inside Atami's MOA Museum of Art
Inside Atami's MOA Museum of Art

Atami (熱海市, Atami-shi) is a city located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2019, the city had an estimated population of 36,865 in 21,593 households[1] and a population density of 600 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 61.78 square kilometres (23.85 sq mi).

Geography

Atami is located in the far eastern corner of Shizuoka Prefecture at the northern end of Izu Peninsula. The city is on the steep slopes of a partially submerged volcanic caldera on the edge of Sagami Bay. The name "Atami" literally means "hot ocean," a reference to the town's famous onsen hot springs. The city boundaries include the offshore island of Hatsushima. Most of Atami is located within the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Warmed by the Kuroshio Current offshore, the area is known for its moderate maritime climate with hot, humid summers, and short winters.

Surrounding municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Atami has been in slow decline over the past 25 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1995 45,610—    
2000 42,936−5.9%
2005 41,202−4.0%
2010 39,611−3.9%
2015 37,544−5.2%
2020 34,233−8.8%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Atami is 16.3 °C (61.3 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,012.7 mm (79.24 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C (79.5 °F), and lowest in January, at around 7.0 °C (44.6 °F).[3]

Climate data for Ajiro [ja], Atami (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1937−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
26.0
(78.8)
28.6
(83.5)
32.1
(89.8)
35.0
(95.0)
36.0
(96.8)
36.8
(98.2)
36.7
(98.1)
31.8
(89.2)
26.5
(79.7)
24.1
(75.4)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
18.8
(65.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.0
(77.0)
28.9
(84.0)
30.2
(86.4)
26.7
(80.1)
21.8
(71.2)
17.2
(63.0)
12.9
(55.2)
20.0
(68.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.4
(45.3)
10.1
(50.2)
14.5
(58.1)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
25.2
(77.4)
26.4
(79.5)
23.3
(73.9)
18.7
(65.7)
14.0
(57.2)
9.6
(49.3)
16.3
(61.4)
Average low °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
4.0
(39.2)
6.6
(43.9)
10.9
(51.6)
15.3
(59.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
20.9
(69.6)
16.1
(61.0)
11.3
(52.3)
6.6
(43.9)
13.4
(56.1)
Record low °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.8
(35.2)
6.0
(42.8)
11.8
(53.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.1
(62.8)
13.4
(56.1)
7.7
(45.9)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76.1
(3.00)
82.0
(3.23)
158.0
(6.22)
168.1
(6.62)
172.6
(6.80)
251.5
(9.90)
242.5
(9.55)
186.0
(7.32)
263.9
(10.39)
237.3
(9.34)
108.4
(4.27)
66.3
(2.61)
2,012.7
(79.24)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.1 6.7 10.7 10.2 10.0 12.4 10.9 8.2 12.1 10.2 7.9 6.1 111.5
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm) 0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2
Average relative humidity (%) 59 60 64 67 72 80 80 79 78 73 69 62 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 147.4 142.8 158.2 176.4 184.1 127.7 161.8 194.1 136.9 126.0 128.5 142.8 1,826.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][3]

History

Atami has been known as a resort town centered on its hot springs since the 8th century AD. In the Kamakura period, Minamoto no Yoritomo and Hōjō Masako were notable visitors. During the Edo period, all of Izu Province was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. During the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period in 1889, Atami village was organized within Kamo District, Shizuoka. It was elevated to town status on June 11, 1894, and was transferred to the administrative control of Tagata District in 1896.

The epicenter of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay, close to Atami, which suffered considerable damage, as did other municipalities throughout the surrounding Kantō region.[5] The tsunami wave height reached 11 meters (35 feet) at Atami, swamping the town and drowning three hundred people.[6]

The modern city of Atami was founded on April 10, 1937, through the merger of Atami Town with neighboring Taga Village. After the proclamation of Atami as an "International Tourism and Culture City" by the Japanese government in 1950, the area experienced rapid growth in large resort hotel development. This growth increased after Atami station became a stop on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed train line in 1964. In concert with its famous onsen, Atami was known for its onsen geisha. Atami experienced a considerable decline in popularity as a vacation destination due to the Japanese economic crisis in the 1990s and the associated fall in large group company-sponsored vacations, but is currently experiencing a revival as a commuter town due to its proximity to Tokyo and Yokohama.

The Inagawa-kai, third largest of Japan's Yakuza groups, was founded in Atami in 1949 as the Inagawa-gumi (稲川組) by Kakuji Inagawa.[7]

The Izu Study and Research Center is a study facility of the Japanese Communist Party, where they hold its annual congress.[8]

2021 landslide

Main article: 2021 Atami landslide

Following torrential rainfall a landslide was triggered which swept through part of the city on 3 July 2021, with 20 people missing and 2 feared dead.[9][10]

Government

Atami has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 15 members.

Economy

The economy of Atami is heavily dependent on the tourist industry, mostly centered on its hot spring resorts.[11] Commercial fishing is a major secondary industry.

Education

Atami has eight public elementary schools and four public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The International University of Health and Welfare, based in Ōtawara, Tochigi, has a campus in Atami.

Transport

Railway

Highway

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan

Twin towns – Sister cities

Atami is twinned with:

Notable people

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Local attractions

In popular culture

Notes

  1. ^ Atami City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Atami population statistics
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 17, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 17, 2022.
  5. ^ Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: the Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 278.
  6. ^ Hammer, p. 114.
  7. ^ "1993 Police White Paper Chapter 1 : The Actual Condition of the Boryokudan", 1993, National Police Agency (in Japanese)
  8. ^ The Mountain Fortress of the Japan Communist Party
  9. ^ "2 feared dead, some 20 missing in large mudslide southwest of Tokyo". Kyodo News. 2021-07-03. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  10. ^ "Japan landslide: 20 missing in Atami city". BBC News. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  11. ^ Mansfield, Stephen, "Cultures mingle amid Atami's hot springs", Japan Times, 18 December 2011, p. 12.
  12. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  13. ^ "City of Atami: Mr. Sakae Saito, Mayor (December 2014)". Mayor/Governor Interviews. Foreign Press Center Japan. December 26, 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Odagiri to star in "Atami no Sousakan"". Tokyograph. 2010-04-18. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
  15. ^ Nausicaa.net: Synopsis Omohide Poro Poro
  16. ^ Prince of Stride: Alternative Episode 4 English Sub

References