Atkinson County
Atkinson County Courthouse in Pearson
Map of Georgia highlighting Atkinson County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°17′N 82°52′W / 31.29°N 82.87°W / 31.29; -82.87
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedAugust 15, 1917; 107 years ago (1917)
Named forWilliam Yates Atkinson
SeatPearson
Largest cityPearson
Area
 • Total345 sq mi (890 km2)
 • Land339 sq mi (880 km2)
 • Water5.2 sq mi (13 km2)  1.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,286
 • Density24/sq mi (9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district8th
Websiteatkinsoncounty.org

Atkinson County is a county located in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 8,286.[1] The county seat is Pearson.[2] The county was formed in 1917 from parts of Coffee and Clinch counties. It is named for William Yates Atkinson, Democratic governor of Georgia from 1894 to 1898.[3] In 2003, it had the highest illiteracy rate of any U.S. county at 36%.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (890 km2), of which 339 square miles (880 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5] Atkinson County forms a part of Southeast Georgia.[6]

The vast majority of Atkinson County is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin. The entire narrow western border area, in a line parallel to the western border and running through Willacoochee, is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. A small southeastern corner of the county is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin.[7]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19207,656
19306,894−10.0%
19407,0932.9%
19507,3623.8%
19606,188−15.9%
19705,879−5.0%
19806,1414.5%
19906,2131.2%
20007,60922.5%
20108,37510.1%
20208,286−1.1%
2023 (est.)8,293[8]0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1880[10]1890-1910[11]
1920-1930[12] 1930-1940[13]
1940-1950[14] 1960-1980[15]
1980-2000[16] 2010-2019[17]
Atkinson County racial composition as of 2020[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 4,801 57.94%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,208 14.58%
Native American 30 0.36%
Asian 12 0.14%
Pacific Islander 4 0.05%
Other/Mixed 183 2.21%
Hispanic or Latino 2,048 24.72%

Since the county's 1920 population of 7,656 residents, its population has fluctuated between more than 7,000 to a low of 6,213 in 1990; the lowest population for the county was 5,879 in 1970. By the 2020 United States census, its population increased to 8,286,[18] although in 2010 its population reached a historic high of 8,375.[19] In 2010, there were 3,522 housing units at an average density of 10.4 per square mile (4.0/km2).[20]

According to the 2010 U.S. census, the racial makeup of the county was 62.2% white, 17.3% black or African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.3% Asian, 17.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Altogether, those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 24.3% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, 16.1% were English, 16.0% were Irish, and 7.5% were American.[21] Although its racial and ethnic makeup has been predominantly non-Hispanic white up to the 2010 census, in 2020 its non-Hispanic white population declined to 57.94%,[18] and its African American population also declined to 14.58%. The Hispanic or Latino American population grew to 24.72% of the county-area population, reflecting nationwide trends of greater diversification.[22][23]

In 2000, the median income for a household in the county was $26,470, and the median income for a family was $32,688. Males had a median income of $24,763 versus $18,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,178. By 2010, the median income for a household in the county was $33,834 and the median income for a family was $34,859. Males had a median income of $29,286 versus $25,705 for females.[24] In 2020, the county's median household income was an estimated $35,703 per the American Community Survey.[25] Families had a median income of $46,086; married-couple families $50,475; and nonfamily households $23,306. Among its 2022 population estimates, 27.5% of the county lived at or below the poverty line.[26]

As of 2022's American Community Survey, Atkinson County's 3,063 households had an average of 2.7 people per household. Approximately 66% were married couples, 6% male households and 17% female households. These households were spread throughout 3,494 housing units, and 67% were owner-occupied. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $77,100 with 62% of its properties valued at under $100,000.[27]

As part of the Bible Belt, the majority of the county's religious or spiritual population professed Christianity. Among the Christian population in 2020, the Association of Religion Data Archives determined the largest single Christian denomination for Atkinson County was the Southern Baptist Convention, followed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and the African Methodist Episcopal Church and United Methodist Church.[28] As a whole tradition, Pentecostalism encompassed the following, with Catholicism remaining a minority.

Education

Main article: Pearson, Georgia § Education

Atkinson County is serviced along with Coffee County by the Satilla Regional Library System.

Politics

Historically, Atkinson County has primarily voted for Democratic Party candidates in U.S. presidential elections up to 1960. Since then, the county has remained reliably Republican.

United States presidential election results for Atkinson County, Georgia[29]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,300 72.90% 825 26.15% 30 0.95%
2016 1,878 71.95% 697 26.70% 35 1.34%
2012 1,938 66.67% 930 31.99% 39 1.34%
2008 1,941 66.77% 938 32.27% 28 0.96%
2004 1,666 67.37% 799 32.31% 8 0.32%
2000 1,228 59.30% 821 39.64% 22 1.06%
1996 784 42.94% 823 45.07% 219 11.99%
1992 779 35.65% 1,056 48.33% 350 16.02%
1988 1,126 55.60% 887 43.80% 12 0.59%
1984 944 51.17% 901 48.83% 0 0.00%
1980 747 33.62% 1,449 65.21% 26 1.17%
1976 347 18.20% 1,560 81.80% 0 0.00%
1972 924 74.94% 309 25.06% 0 0.00%
1968 288 11.39% 686 27.14% 1,554 61.47%
1964 1,157 58.76% 811 41.19% 1 0.05%
1960 239 15.55% 1,298 84.45% 0 0.00%
1956 122 6.63% 1,719 93.37% 0 0.00%
1952 194 11.06% 1,560 88.94% 0 0.00%
1948 66 5.89% 938 83.75% 116 10.36%
1944 90 10.51% 766 89.49% 0 0.00%
1940 66 8.57% 703 91.30% 1 0.13%
1936 29 2.94% 958 97.06% 0 0.00%
1932 41 5.17% 747 94.20% 5 0.63%
1928 121 25.69% 350 74.31% 0 0.00%
1924 25 5.73% 394 90.37% 17 3.90%
1920 119 20.80% 453 79.20% 0 0.00%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Atkinson County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 14, 2004.
  4. ^ "State and County Literacy Estimates - State Estimates". nces.ed.gov. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Southeast Georgia - Region 11". Georgia Department of Economic Development. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  7. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2024.
  9. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "1880 Census Population by Counties 1790-1800" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1880.
  11. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1910.
  12. ^ "1930 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1930.
  13. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1940.
  14. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia -" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1950.
  15. ^ "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1980.
  16. ^ "2000 Census of Population - Population and Housing Unit Counts - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 2000.
  17. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  18. ^ a b c "2020 Race and Population Totals". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  19. ^ a b "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  21. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  22. ^ "America is becoming more urban, more diverse and less white, 2020 Census reveals". PBS NewsHour. August 12, 2021. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  23. ^ Wright, Janie Boschma,Daniel Wolfe,Priya Krishnakumar,Christopher Hickey,Meghna Maharishi,Renée Rigdon,John Keefe,David (August 12, 2021). "Census release shows America is more diverse and more multiracial than ever | CNN Politics". CNN. Retrieved December 28, 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  25. ^ "2020 Income Estimates". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  26. ^ "2022 Poverty Statistics". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  27. ^ "Census profile: Atkinson County, GA". Census Reporter. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  28. ^ "Congregational Membership Reports | US Religion". Association of Religion Data Archives. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  29. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

31°17′N 82°52′W / 31.29°N 82.87°W / 31.29; -82.87