Atkinson County
Atkinson County Courthouse in Pearson
Map of Georgia highlighting Atkinson County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°17′N 82°52′W / 31.29°N 82.87°W / 31.29; -82.87
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedAugust 15, 1917; 105 years ago (1917)
Named forWilliam Yates Atkinson
SeatPearson
Largest cityPearson
Area
 • Total345 sq mi (890 km2)
 • Land339 sq mi (880 km2)
 • Water5.2 sq mi (13 km2)  1.5%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
8,165
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district8th
Websiteatkinsoncounty.org

Atkinson County is a county located in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,375.[1] The county seat is Pearson.[2] The county was formed in 1917 from parts of Coffee and Clinch Counties. It is named for William Yates Atkinson, Democratic governor of Georgia from 1894 to 1898.[3] In 2003 it had the highest illiteracy rate of any U.S. county at 36%.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (890 km2), of which 339 square miles (880 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

The vast majority of Atkinson County is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin. The entire narrow western border area, in a line parallel to the western border and running through Willacoochee, is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. A small southeastern corner of the county is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19207,656
19306,894−10.0%
19407,0932.9%
19507,3623.8%
19606,188−15.9%
19705,879−5.0%
19806,1414.5%
19906,2131.2%
20007,60922.5%
20108,37510.1%
2019 (est.)8,165[7]−2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,609 people, 2,717 households, and 1,980 families living in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 3,171 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.79% White, 19.61% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.03% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 16.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,717 households, out of which 38.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the county the population was spread out, with 30.30% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, and 9.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,470, and the median income for a family was $32,688. Males had a median income of $24,763 versus $18,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,178. About 18.10% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.10% of those under age 18 and 31.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,375 people, 2,983 households, and 2,159 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 24.7 inhabitants per square mile (9.5/km2). There were 3,522 housing units at an average density of 10.4 per square mile (4.0/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 62.2% white, 17.3% black or African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.3% Pacific islander, 0.3% Asian, 17.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 24.3% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 16.1% were English, 16.0% were Irish, and 7.5% were American.[14]

Of the 2,983 households, 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.6% were non-families, and 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 33.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,834 and the median income for a family was $34,859. Males had a median income of $29,286 versus $25,705 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,456. About 19.8% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.4% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2020 census

Atkinson County racial composition[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 4,801 57.94%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,208 14.58%
Native American 30 0.36%
Asian 12 0.14%
Pacific Islander 4 0.05%
Other/Mixed 183 2.21%
Hispanic or Latino 2,048 24.72%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,286 people, 2,880 households, and 1,976 families residing in the county.

Education

Main article: Pearson, Georgia § Education

The county is serviced along with Coffee County, Georgia by the Satilla Regional Library System.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Atkinson County, Georgia[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,300 72.90% 825 26.15% 30 0.95%
2016 1,878 71.95% 697 26.70% 35 1.34%
2012 1,938 66.67% 930 31.99% 39 1.34%
2008 1,941 66.77% 938 32.27% 28 0.96%
2004 1,666 67.37% 799 32.31% 8 0.32%
2000 1,228 59.30% 821 39.64% 22 1.06%
1996 784 42.94% 823 45.07% 219 11.99%
1992 779 35.65% 1,056 48.33% 350 16.02%
1988 1,126 55.60% 887 43.80% 12 0.59%
1984 944 51.17% 901 48.83% 0 0.00%
1980 747 33.62% 1,449 65.21% 26 1.17%
1976 347 18.20% 1,560 81.80% 0 0.00%
1972 924 74.94% 309 25.06% 0 0.00%
1968 288 11.39% 686 27.14% 1,554 61.47%
1964 1,157 58.76% 811 41.19% 1 0.05%
1960 239 15.55% 1,298 84.45% 0 0.00%
1956 122 6.63% 1,719 93.37% 0 0.00%
1952 194 11.06% 1,560 88.94% 0 0.00%
1948 66 5.89% 938 83.75% 116 10.36%
1944 90 10.51% 766 89.49% 0 0.00%
1940 66 8.57% 703 91.30% 1 0.13%
1936 29 2.94% 958 97.06% 0 0.00%
1932 41 5.17% 747 94.20% 5 0.63%
1928 121 25.69% 350 74.31% 0 0.00%
1924 25 5.73% 394 90.37% 17 3.90%
1920 119 20.80% 453 79.20% 0 0.00%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ "State and County Literacy Estimates - State Estimates". nces.ed.gov. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

Coordinates: 31°17′N 82°52′W / 31.29°N 82.87°W / 31.29; -82.87