Auckland
Auckland Region in New Zealand
Coordinates: 36°54′S 174°47′E / 36.900°S 174.783°E / -36.900; 174.783Coordinates: 36°54′S 174°47′E / 36.900°S 174.783°E / -36.900; 174.783
CountryNew Zealand
Government
 • TypeRegional council
 • BodyAuckland Council
 • MayorPhil Goff
Area
 • Land4,941.13 km2 (1,907.78 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2021)[2]
 • Total1,715,600
WebsiteAucklandCouncil.govt.nz

Auckland (Māori: Tāmaki Makaurau) is one of the sixteen regions of New Zealand, which takes its name from the eponymous urban area. The region encompasses the Auckland Metropolitan Area, smaller towns, rural areas, and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. Containing 33 percent of the nation's residents,[2] it has by far the largest population and economy of any region of New Zealand, but the second-smallest land area.

On 1 November 2010, the Auckland region became a unitary authority administered by the Auckland Council, replacing the previous regional council and seven local councils. In the process, an area in its southeastern corner was transferred to the neighbouring Waikato region.

Geography

True-colour image of the region showing the Auckland urban area as the brownish area just left of centre, with the Hauraki Gulf to the right
True-colour image of the region showing the Auckland urban area as the brownish area just left of centre, with the Hauraki Gulf to the right

On the mainland, the region extends from the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour in the north across the southern stretches of the Northland Peninsula, through the Waitākere Ranges and the isthmus of Auckland and across the low-lying land surrounding the Manukau Harbour, ending within a few kilometres of the mouth of the Waikato River.[3] It also includes the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. It is bordered in the north by the Northland Region, and in the south by the Waikato region. The Hunua Ranges and the adjacent coastline along the Firth of Thames were part of the region until the Auckland Council was formed in late 2010, when they were transferred to the Waikato region. In land area the region is smaller than all the other regions and unitary authorities except Nelson.

The region's coastline is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.[4] It has about 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas.[4] Its highest point is the summit of Little Barrier Island, at 722 metres.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Auckland

Auckland Region covers 4,941.13 km2 (1,907.78 sq mi)[1] and had an estimated population of 1,715,600 as of June 2021,[2] with a population density of 347 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991943,773—    
19961,068,660+2.52%
20011,158,891+1.63%
20061,304,958+2.40%
20131,415,550+1.17%
20181,571,718+2.12%
Source: [5][6]

Auckland Region had a population of 1,571,718 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 156,168 people (11.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 266,760 people (20.4%) since the 2006 census. There were 496,458 households. There were 776,979 males and 794,742 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.98 males per female. The median age was 34.7 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 313,839 people (20.0%) aged under 15 years, 357,522 (22.7%) aged 15 to 29, 711,186 (45.2%) aged 30 to 64, and 189,177 (12.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 53.5% European/Pākehā, 11.5% Māori, 15.5% Pacific peoples, 28.2% Asian, and 3.3% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

English is the most spoken language (92.8%) followed by Samoan (4.4%), Mandarin (4.4%), Hindi (3.0%) and Te Reo Māori (2.4%). Percentages add up to more than 100% as people may select more than one language.

The proportion of people born overseas was 41.0%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 42.6% had no religion, 38.4% were Christian, 5.2% were Hindu, 2.6% were Muslim, 1.9% were Buddhist and 3.9% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 360,954 (28.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 168,276 (13.4%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $34,400, compared with $31,800 nationally. 248,613 people (19.8%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 652,797 (51.9%) people were employed full-time, 171,738 (13.7%) were part-time, and 51,561 (4.1%) were unemployed.[6]

Towns and cities

The eponymous city (urban area) of Auckland has a population of 1,463,000, making up 85.3% of the region's population.

Other urban areas in the Auckland region include:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Subnational population estimates (RC, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (regional councils); "Subnational population estimates (TA, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (territorial authorities); "Subnational population estimates (urban rural), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (urban areas)
  3. ^ McClure, Margaret (6 December 2007). "Auckland region - Landforms'". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Auckland Council (2012). Draft Long-term Plan 2012–2022. p. 13.
  5. ^ "2001 Census: Regional summary". archive.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Auckland Region (02). 2018 Census place summary: Auckland Region