Fifty Dollars
(Australia)
Value$50 Australian dollars
Security featuresWindow, Watermark
Material usedPolymer
Years of printing1995–99, 2003–14, 2016, 2018[1]
Obverse
DesignDavid Unaipon
Designeremerystudio
Design date14 February 2018
Reverse
DesignEdith Cowan
Designeremerystudio
Design date14 February 2018

The Australian fifty-dollar note is an Australian banknote with a face value of fifty Australian dollars (A$50). Since 1995 it has been a polymer banknote featuring portraits of Edith Cowan, first female member of an Australian parliament, and inventor and Australia's first published Aboriginal Australian author, David Unaipon.

1966–1973

There was no fifty-dollar note released as part of the initial rollout of decimal currency in 1966, but inflation necessitated its introduction seven years later in 1973.[2]

1973–1995

The original paper fifty-dollar note, designed by Gordon Andrews, has a scientific theme.[2] On the front of the note is a portrait of Australian pathologist Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey and scenes of laboratory research. On the back is a portrait of Sir Ian Clunies Ross, veterinary scientist and first chairman of the CSIRO, along with scenes from the Australian environment.[2]

The paper fifty-dollar note, circulated between 1973 and 1995.
The front of the note
The front of the note
The back of the note
The back of the note

1995–2018

The church of Raukkan, South Australia is featured on the 1995 note
The church of Raukkan, South Australia is featured on the 1995 note

On 4 October 1995 a polymer banknote was released.[3] The new note was designed by Brian Sadgrove.[3]

A portrait of Ngarrindjeri man David Unaipon, inventor and author of the first work published in Australia by an Aboriginal Australian,[4] appears on the front, along with drawings from one of his inventions, and an extract from the original manuscript of his Legendary Tales of the Australian Aborigines.[5] There is also a depiction of the Raukkan Church, a historical landmark in Raukkan, where Unaipon grew up on a mission then known as Point McLeay.[6] The couple standing in front of the church are Polly and Milerum. Milerum was the last initiated member of the local Ngarrindjeri people. He was highly respected and played a huge role in the recording of history of the Ngarrindjeri people of the Coorong.[7]

On the back is a portrait of Edith Cowan, first female member of any Australian parliament, along with a picture of Western Australia's original Parliament House, and an illustration of a foster mother and children.[3][8]

In June 2017 there were 686 million $50 banknotes in circulation. Worth $34,309 million, this was 47% of the total value for all denominations.[9]

The original polymer fifty-dollar note.
The front of the note
The front of the note
The back of the note
The back of the note

Design features

The handwritten statement on the obverse of the note reads "As a full-blooded member of my race I think I may claim to be the first—but I hope, not the last—to produce an enduring record of our customs, beliefs and imaginings". The word "Imaginings" is spelled incorrectly and was since corrected. (An alternative suggestion is that 'imaging' was originally used but later changed to 'imaginings' by David Unaipon as most would not understand his epistomological underpinnings of mimicry and assimilation) [10]

Security features

With reference to the current polymer items, there is a clear window on the banknote with the Southern Cross star formation printed upon it, and the number "50" is also embossed in the clear window. There is also raised printing on the note.[3]

A patch with the number "50" on the back of the banknote can be seen when held up to an ultraviolet (UV) light. There are two serial numbers on the banknote, one in black and blue, different fonts are used on each one, and the serial numbers glow under UV light.[3]

There is also micro printing, in terms of "fifty dollars", and a shadow image of the Australian coat of arms when light is shown through it.[11]

2018–present

On 27 September 2012, the Reserve Bank of Australia announced that Australia's banknotes would be upgraded in the coming years.[12]

On 15 February 2018, the Reserve Bank of Australia unveiled the design of the new $50 banknote, after earlier releasing updated versions of the $5 and $10 polymer banknotes in September 2016 and September 2017 respectively. The note features updated security features,[13] and was released into circulation on 18 October 2018.[13] The artwork on the note, incorporating the work of Kaurna/Ngarrindjeri artist Muriel van der Byl AM, includes portraits of Edith Cowan, first female member of an Australian parliament, and inventor and Australia's first published Aboriginal Australian author, David Unaipon.[4]

A typographical error, the last "i" in "responsibility" being missing and spelled instead as "responsibilty", was discovered on earlier print runs of the banknote in May 2019, affecting 46 million banknotes. The Reserve Bank confirmed it had been aware of the error since December 2018, and corrected the spelling in later print runs.[14]

References

  1. ^ "SERIAL NUMBER INFORMATION". banknotes.rba.gov.au. Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Inflation and the Note Issue". Reserve Bank of Australia Museum. Reserve Bank of Australia. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e "THE $50 BANKNOTE (interactive)". Banknote Features. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Muriel Van Der Byl – in celebration". Migration Museum. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  5. ^ Unaipon, David (2006). Legendary Tales of the Australian Aborigine (Repub. ed.). Miegunyah Press. ISBN 9780522849059. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Raukkan Church Restoration". The Australian Institute of Architects. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  7. ^ See the episode of the Australian-produced series of Who do you think you are? on Michael O'Loughlin.)
  8. ^ "$50 Banknote". Banknotes in Circulation. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Distribution-Circulation and Production Statistics, as at End June 2017". banknotes.rba.gov.au. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  10. ^ Miller, B. (2005). Confusing Epistemologies: Whiteness, Mimicry and Assimilation in David Unaipon's 'Confusion of Tongue'. Altitude: An e-journal of emerging humanities work, 6, 1-13. https://thealtitudejournal.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/34.pdf
  11. ^ "List of Security Features". Counterfeit Detection. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  12. ^ "Media Releases". Reserve Bank of Australia. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Next Generation of Banknotes: Design Reveal". Reserve Bank of Australia. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  14. ^ Hope, Zach; Eddie, Rachel (9 May 2019). "Oops: Typo for the ages printed on 46 million new $50 notes". The Age. Retrieved 9 May 2019.