This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (July 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Österreichisches Parlament]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Österreichisches Parlament)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Austrian Parliament" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (January 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: the article needs to be fully translated and restructured Please help improve this article if you can. (January 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Austrian Parliament

Österreichisches Parlament
Type
Type
HousesNational Council
Federal Council
Leadership
Wolfgang Sobotka (ÖVP)
since 20 December 2017
Christian Buchmann (ÖVP)
since 1 January 2021
Structure
Seats244
  • 183 (National Council)
  • 61 (Federal Council)
National Council political groups
Government (97)
  •   ÖVP (71)
  •   Greens (26)

Opposition (86)

Federal Council political groups
Government (27)

Opposition (34)

Elections
Proportional representation
Appointment by State Landtage
National Council last election
29 September 2019
Meeting place
Parliament Building
Vienna, Austria
Website
parlament.gv.at

The Austrian Parliament (German: Österreichisches Parlament) is the bicameral[1] federal legislature of the Austrian Republic. It consists of two chambers – the National Council and the Federal Council. In specific cases, both houses convene as the Federal Assembly. The legislature meets in the Austrian Parliament Building in Vienna.

Overview

National Council
  • 183 members
  • elected directly in general elections
  • term of office: 5 years
Federal Council
  • variable membership, currently 61 members
  • elected indirectly through provincial diets
  • revolving membership, term of delegates varies by province
Federal Assembly

(joint session of both houses)

The National Council is composed of 183 members elected through proportional representation in a general election. The legislative period lasts five years, elections are held earlier if the National Council prematurely moves for its own dissolution. The National Council is the dominant (albeit 'lower') house in the Austrian Parliament, and consequently the terms Parliament and National Council are commonly used synonymously.

The Federal Council is elected indirectly, through the provincial assemblies (Landtage) of the nine States of the Federal Republic, and reflects the distribution of seats in the Austrian Landtage. The states are represented in the Federal Council roughly in accordance to the size of their populations. Seats are redistributed among the states following each general census, and the overall size of the chamber varies slightly as a result. The current Federal Council is composed of 61 delegates. With regard to most issues, the Federal Council only possesses a dilatory right of veto which can be overridden by the National Council. However, the Federal Council enjoys absolute veto powers over bills intended to alter the powers of either the states, or of the Federal Council itself.

The Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung) is a body whose function is mostly ceremonial in nature, and consists of the members of both houses of Parliament. The Federal Assembly convenes only rarely, for instance to witness the inauguration of the Federal President. It might be noted, however, that under exceptional circumstances the Austrian constitution endows the Federal Assembly with significant responsibilities. An example of this would be its pivotal role in the hypothetical impeachment of a Federal President.

Both houses of Parliament, as well as the Federal Assembly, convene in the Parliament building located on Vienna's Ringstraße. From 2017 to 2020 they convene in the Redoute Wing of the Hofburg due to a reconstruction of the Parliament building.

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Council, Federal Council and Federal Assembly". www.parlament.gv.at. Retrieved 2020-12-23.

Coordinates: 48°12′29″N 16°21′33″E / 48.20806°N 16.35917°E / 48.20806; 16.35917