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Autogenocide is the arbitrary or ideologically inspired mass murder of a country's citizens by its own ethnic group against its own ethnic group.[1] Auto comes from the Greek reflexive pronoun while genocide comes from Greek genos meaning "race, tribe" and the Latin word -cidere meaning "kill".

The term was coined in the latter half of the 1970s to describe the actions of the Khmer Rouge government of Cambodia, to distinguish such acts from the genocide of groups considered "other" by a government, such as the killing of Jews and people of Slavic origin by Nazi Germany.[2] According to Samuel Totten, 25% of the urban Khmer population perished under the Khmer Rouge or 500,000 people, while rural Khmers lost 16% of their population or 825,000[3] putting the killing at a scale comparable to genocide of Roma (25% of the Roma population of Europe perished or 130 to 500 thousand people)[4] and the genocide of Serbians (300 to 500 thousand Serbs)[5] during the Holocaust drawing the comparison to genocide aforementioned.

See also


  1. ^ MSN Encarta - Dictionary - autogenocide definition. Archived 2009-10-31.
  2. ^ Bjornson, Karin. Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations, Transaction Publishers, June 30, 1998
  3. ^ White, Matthew. "20th Century death tolls larger than one million but fewer than 5 million people-Cambodia". necrometrics.
  4. ^ Niewyk, Donald L.; Nicosia, Francis R. (2000). The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. Columbia University Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-231-50590-1. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  5. ^ Žerjavić, Vladimir (1993). Yugoslavia - Manipulations with the number of Second World War victims. Croatian Information Centre. ISBN 0-919817-32-7.