Auvers-sur-Oise
The Château de Léry, built in the 17th and 18th centuries
The Château de Léry, built in the 17th and 18th centuries
Coat of arms of Auvers-sur-Oise
Location of Auvers-sur-Oise
Auvers-sur-Oise is located in France
Auvers-sur-Oise
Auvers-sur-Oise
Auvers-sur-Oise is located in Île-de-France (region)
Auvers-sur-Oise
Auvers-sur-Oise
Coordinates: 49°04′21″N 2°10′30″E / 49.0725°N 2.1750°E / 49.0725; 2.1750Coordinates: 49°04′21″N 2°10′30″E / 49.0725°N 2.1750°E / 49.0725; 2.1750
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-d'Oise
ArrondissementPontoise
CantonSaint-Ouen-l'Aumône
IntercommunalityCC Sausseron Impressionnistes
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Isabelle Mézières
Area
1
12.69 km2 (4.90 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
6,813
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
95039 /95430
Elevation21–111 m (69–364 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Auvers-sur-Oise (French pronunciation: [ovɛʁ syʁ waz] (listen), literally Auvers on Oise) is a commune on the northwestern outskirts of Paris, France. It is located 27.2 km (16.9 mi) from the centre of Paris. It is associated with several famous artists, the most prominent being Vincent van Gogh. This was also the place where Vincent van Gogh died, apparently by suicide.

Geography

Location

Auvers is located in the department Val d'Oise on the right bank of the river Oise. To the south, it is connected to Méry-sur-Oise by a bridge.

Localities

History

During the 19th century, a number of painters lived and worked in Auvers-sur-Oise, including Paul Cézanne, Charles-François Daubigny, Camille Pissarro, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Norbert Goeneutte, and Vincent van Gogh. Daubigny's house is now a museum where one can see paintings by the artist, his family, and friends, such as Honoré Daumier, as well as rooms decorated in period style. Charles Sprague Pearce (1851-1914) died there also. Along the river walk from Auvers toward Pontoise are a number of views which featured in the paintings of Pissarro.

During the 20th century artists continued to frequent Auvers, including Henri Rousseau (Douanier Rousseau), Otto Freundlich and Pierre Daboval. The COBRA artist Corneille spent his last years in the village and is buried a few metres from Vincent van Gogh.[2]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,754—    
1800 1,635−1.00%
1806 1,708+0.73%
1821 1,705−0.01%
1831 1,806+0.58%
1836 1,522−3.36%
1841 1,530+0.10%
1846 1,547+0.22%
1851 1,553+0.08%
1856 1,574+0.27%
1861 1,648+0.92%
1866 1,635−0.16%
1872 1,720+0.85%
1876 1,638−1.21%
1881 1,713+0.90%
1886 1,936+2.48%
1891 2,063+1.28%
1896 2,255+1.80%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 2,402+1.27%
1906 2,544+1.16%
1911 2,681+1.05%
1921 2,961+1.00%
1926 3,132+1.13%
1931 3,240+0.68%
1936 3,163−0.48%
1946 3,345+0.56%
1954 3,172−0.66%
1962 3,772+2.19%
1968 5,124+5.24%
1975 5,808+1.81%
1982 5,722−0.21%
1990 6,129+0.86%
1999 6,820+1.19%
2007 6,917+0.18%
2012 6,846−0.21%
2017 6,908+0.18%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Administration

On 1 August 1948, 17% of the territory of Auvers-sur-Oise was detached and became the commune of Butry-sur-Oise.

The current mayor is Isabelle Mézières. She was first elected in 2014, and was then re-elected in March 2020.

The town hall that was renovated in 2016
The town hall that was renovated in 2016

Culture

Monuments

The creation of the church dates back to the 11th century. Louis VI le Gros (1081-1137) owned a manor in Auvers, where he often used to come to hunt. In 1131 his son, Philippe, who was the crown prince, accidentally fell from his horse and died. A chapel was erected for his burial place and this subsequently became the church Notre-Dame de l'Assomption: in 1915 it was listed as a historic monument. Together with the royal manor, they represent a major historical piece of the heritage of the city, where many famous painters came during the 19th century, such as Daubigny, Bourges, Bernard, Pearce, Bastard, Boggio or Wickenden.

Museums

Van Gogh

Main article: Vincent van Gogh

Dr. Paul Gachet lived in Auvers-sur-Oise. He was acquainted with the avant-garde artists of the time. Through this connection, Vincent van Gogh moved to Auvers to be treated by him, though he considered the doctor to be in a worse state than himself. Gachet befriended Van Gogh and was the subject of two portraits, one of which, Portrait of Dr. Gachet, was sold at auction for over $80m (£48m) in 1990.[5]

Van Gogh died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the chest. The room on the upper floor of the Auberge Ravoux where he died has been preserved, although no furniture remains. The Institut Van Gogh owns Auberge Ravoux, organizes the visits of Van Gogh's room and has opened a restaurant in the dining room.[6] Auvers-sur-Oise is the final resting place of both Vincent and his brother Theo van Gogh, who died six months later.[5]

Transport

Auvers-sur-Oise is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Nord suburban rail line: Chaponval and Auvers-sur-Oise. The stations both lie on the line Pontoise-Creil. Between April and October, on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, direct trains go from Paris Gare du Nord to Auvers.

Train station of Auvers
Train station of Auvers

Auvers is also served by two bus lines : 95 07 and 95 17.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ "IVincent van Gogh's Grave". Minor Sights. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-28.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Auvers-sur-Oise, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ a b Dowd, Vincent (24 October 2009). "In the footsteps of Vincent van Gogh". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  6. ^ "Van Gogh in Auvers-sur-Oise. Auberge Ravoux visit". Paris Digest. 2020. Retrieved 2020-07-30.