Avena byzantina
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Avena
Species:
A. byzantina
Binomial name
Avena byzantina
Synonyms[2]

Avena sativa subsp. byzantina (K.Koch) Romero Zarco

Avena byzantina, red oats, is a species of cultivated oat native to Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, the Transcaucasus, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.[2] Cultivated for thousands of years, it is better suited to warmer conditions than white or common oats (Avena sativa), but is often sown as a no‑till winter crop. There are 564 landraces and 203 cultivars of red oats listed in the European Plant Genetic Resources Search Catalogue (EURISCO).[3] Approximately 10% of the millions of hectares worldwide under oats are devoted to red oats, principally for fodder.[4]

References

  1. ^ Linnaea 21: 392 (1848)
  2. ^ a b "Avena byzantina K.Koch". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  3. ^ Nikoloudakis, Nikolaos; Bladenopoulos, Konstantinos; Katsiotis, Andreas (2016). "Structural patterns and genetic diversity among oat (Avena) landraces assessed by microsatellite markers and morphological analysis". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 63 (5): 801–811. doi:10.1007/s10722-015-0284-9. S2CID 17183154.
  4. ^ Boczkowska, Maja; Podyma, Wiesław; Łapiński, Bogusław (2016). "Oat". Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement. pp. 159–225. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802000-5.00004-6. ISBN 9780128020005.