Ayam goreng
Ayam goreng in Jakarta.JPG
Ayam goreng Kalasan, served with kremes crispy granules
CourseMain course
Associated national cuisineIndonesia,[1] Brunei, Malaysia,[1] Singapore
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsChicken, turmeric, garlic, shallots and other spices deep fried in coconut oil

Ayam goreng is an Indonesian and Malaysian dish consisting of chicken deep fried in oil. Ayam goreng literally means "fried chicken" in Malay, Indonesian and also in many Indonesian regional languages (e.g. Javanese).

Marination and spices

Frying ayam goreng
Frying ayam goreng

Some versions of ayam goreng are neither coated in batter nor flour, but seasoned richly with various spices.[2] The spice mixture may vary among regions, but usually it consists of a combination of ground shallot, garlic, Indian bay leaves, turmeric, lemongrass, tamarind juice, candlenut, galangal, salt and sugar. The chicken pieces are soaked and marinated in the spice mixture for some time prior to frying, for the chicken to absorb the spices. The marination process might include heating the chicken in ground spices to assist the spice absorption. Most often prior to deep frying, ayam goreng is already half-cooked with yellowish colour tinted of turmeric. In Javanese, this process is called ungkep.

The chicken is then deep fried in an ample amount of hot cooking oil, either palm or coconut oil. The chicken is well-fried until golden yellow. Some variants such as Javanese ayam goreng kremes might add the deep fried spiced flour as crispy granules. While in other recipes, these tasty granules are acquired from fried grated galangal or coconut (serundeng).

Ayam goreng is usually served with steamed rice, sambal terasi (chili with shrimp paste) or sambal kecap (sliced chilli and shallot in sweet soy sauce) as a dipping sauce or condiment and slices of cucumber and tomato for garnish. Fried tempeh and tofu might be added as side dishes.


Nasi bungkus Padang with Padang style ayam goreng.
Nasi bungkus Padang with Padang style ayam goreng.

There are many recipes of ayam goreng, among the popular ones are:

In Indonesia and Malaysia various style of foreign fried chicken is often also called as ayam goreng. Common Southern United States fried chicken is often called ayam goreng tepung or flour-battered or breaded fried chicken. Common McDonald's fried chicken is marketed as "Ayam Goreng McD" in Malaysia.[14]

See also


  1. ^ a b Ferdie. "Ayam Goreng (Indonesian Fried Chicken)". Asian Top 10 Recipes. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  2. ^ Lang, Rebecca (26 May 2015). Fried Chicken: Recipes for the Crispy, Crunchy, Comfort-Food Classic [A Cookbook]. Potter/Ten Speed/Harmony/Rodale. ISBN 978-1-60774-725-3.
  3. ^ "Ayam Goreng Lengkuas". Tasty Indonesian Food.com. Tasty Indonesian Food.com. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Resep Khas Pasundan, Ayam Goreng Lengkuas Bandung". SINDOnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  5. ^ "92 resep ayam goreng padang enak dan sederhana". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Resep Mudah Masak Ayam Pop ala Masakan Padang". VIVA (in Indonesian). 7 December 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Cara Membuat Ayam Goreng Bumbu Balado Pedas Gurih". Resep Makan Sedap. 3 June 2015. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  8. ^ nufus, Hayatun. "Resep Membuat Ayam Goreng jakarta". resepmakananindonesia.com. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  9. ^ Inc., Tastemade. "Ayam Goreng Kalasan ~ Resep". Tastemade (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Try this 'Ayam Goreng Kremes' recipe at home". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  11. ^ Vemale.com. "Resep Ayam Goreng Serundeng". vemale.com. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Three places to enjoy fiery hot 'ayam geprek'". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  13. ^ "Where to enjoy the most delicious 'penyet' in Jakarta". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Ayam Goreng MCD Mcdonald's Malaysia". McDonald's. Retrieved 22 January 2019.