B. D. Jatti
B.D Jatti (enhanced).jpg
President of India
Acting
In office
11 February 1977 – 25 July 1977
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Morarji Desai
Preceded byFakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Succeeded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
5th Vice President of India
In office
31 August 1974 – 30 August 1979
PresidentFakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Morarji Desai
Charan Singh
Preceded byGopal Swarup Pathak
Succeeded byMohammad Hidayatullah
9th Governor of Odisha
In office
8 November 1972 – 20 August 1974
Chief MinisterNandini Satpathy
Preceded byGatikrishna Mishra
Succeeded byGatikrishna Mishra
Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry
In office
14 October 1968 – 7 November 1975
Chief MinisterHasan Farook
Preceded bySayaji Laxman Silam
Succeeded byChhedilal
Chief Minister of Mysore
In office
16 May 1958 – 9 March 1962
GovernorJayachamaraja Wodeyar
Preceded bySiddavanahalli Nijalingappa
Succeeded byS. R. Kanthi
Member of the Legislative Assembly, Karnataka
In office
26 March 1952 – 12 October 1968
Preceded byConstituency Established
Succeeded byS. M. Athani[1]
ConstituencyJamkhandi
Personal details
Born
Basappa Danappa Jatti

(1912-09-10)10 September 1912
Savalagi, Jamakhandi, Bombay Presidency, British India
(present-day Karnataka, India)
Died7 June 2002(2002-06-07) (aged 89)
Bangalore, Karnataka, India (present-day Bengaluru)
Political partyIndian National Congress
Alma materRajaram College

Basappa Danappa Jatti (pronunciation ) (10 September 1912 – 7 June 2002)[2] was the fifth vice president of India, serving from 1974 to 1979. He was acting President of India from 11 February to 25 July 1977.[3] The soft-spoken Jatti rose from a humble beginning as a Municipality member to India's second-highest office during a five-decade-long chequered political career.

Early life

Jatti was born in a Kannada speaking Lingayat family at Savalgi in Jamkhandi Taluk of Bijapur district in present-day Karnataka on 10 September 1912.[4] His parents were Dasappa Jatti and Sangamma. Jatti studied at the Bijapur Government High School and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rajaram College and a degree in law from the Sykes Law College, Kolhapur.[5] Jatti practiced as a lawyer for a while in Jamkhandi before being elected to the Jamkhandi municipality in 1940 and going on to become its president.[6] He was elected to the Jamakhandi State Legislature, becoming a minister and subsequently its Chief Minister.[6][7]

Early political career

In 1940, he entered politics as a Municipality member at Jamkhandi and subsequently became the President of the Jamkhandi Town Municipality in 1945. Later, he was elected as a member of the Jamkhandi State Legislature and was appointed a minister in the government of the princely state of Jamkhandi. Finally, he became the 'dewan' (Chief Minister) of Jamkhandi state in 1948. As dewan, he maintained cordial relations with the Maharaja, Shankar Rao Patwardhan, and brought about the accession of the small principality to the Indian Union. On 8 March 1948 after Jamkhandi was merged with Bombay state, he returned to legal practice and continued with it for 20 months.[8]

Later, Jatti was nominated as a member of the Bombay State Legislative Assembly to represent the merged area, and within a week of his nomination, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the then Bombay Chief Minister, B. G. Kher. He worked in that capacity for a couple of years. After the 1952 general elections, he was appointed Minister of Health and Labour of the then Bombay Government and held that post till the reorganization of states. His autobiography, 'I'm my own model', is very popular.[9]

Chief minister of Mysore state

Jatti became a member of the Mysore Legislative Assembly after the reorganization and was Chairman of the Land Reforms Committee, which paved the way for the 1961 Mysore Land Reforms Act (which abolished the tenancy system and absentee landlordism). He was the Chief Minister and Kadidal Manjappa was the Revenue Minister when the Bill was adopted. In 1958, when S. Nijalingappa stepped down as Chief Minister of the state, Jatti was elected leader of the party in the face of a stiff challenge from Congress veteran T. Subramanya. He became the Chief Minister of Mysore in 1958 and continued in that office until 1962.[8]

Re-elected from the Jamkhandi constituency in the third general elections, Jatti was appointed Finance Minister on 2 July 1962 in the S. Nijalingappa Ministry. He was re-elected to the fourth Assembly from the same constituency and appointed Minister of Food and Civil Supplies.

Later political career

Jatti subsequently was Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry from October, 1968 to November, 1972.[10][11] Jatti was appointed Governor of Orissa in November, 1972.[12] On March 1, 1973 the ruling Congress government led by Nandini Satpathy resigned after it lost its majority in the legislative assembly. Although the leader of the opposition, Biju Patnaik, staked his claim to form the government and demonstrated the support of a majority of legislators, Jatti chose to prorogue the assembly session on the advice of Sathpathy and on March 3, 1973 recommended President’s rule in the state.[13] Jatti, with the aid of advisors administered the state during the period of President’s Rule which continued until Mach, 1974.[14] He resigned as Governor in August, 1974 to contest in the Vice Presidential election of 1974.[15] Jatti was sworn in as the Vice President of India on August 31, 1974.[16]

Following the death in office of Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Jatti became the Acting President of India between February 11 and July 25, 1977.[17] Following the defeat of the Indian National Congress in the General Elections of 1977, Jatti asked Indira Gandhi to continue as caretaker Prime Minister and, on the recommendation of the Cabinet, revoked the Emergency on March 21, 1977.[18][19][20] Jatti swore in Morarji Desai as Prime Minister on March 25, 1977.[21] In April, 1977, the new government recommended the dismissal of governments and the dissolution of legislative assemblies in states ruled by the Congress Party. Although Jatti initially hesitated to accept the Cabinet’s recommendation, he ultimately agreed to it and dismissed governments in nine states.[22][23]

Public offices held

Religious activities

A deeply religious man, Jatti was the founder president of the "Basava Samithi", a religious organisation which propagated the preachings of 12th-century saint, philosopher and reformer of Lingayat community Basaveshwara.[25] The Basava samithi established in 1964 has published many books on Lingayatism and Sharanas and has got the 'vachanas' of sharanas translated into various languages.[26] He was also involved in various organisations concerned with social activities.[27]

Death and legacy

He died on 7 June 2002.[28] He was hailed as a man who set an example of selfless service and stood for value-based politics.[29] He was once called an ordinary man with extraordinary thought, and he named his autobiography, I'm My Own Model.[30] His centenary celebrations were held in 2012.[31][32]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://kla.kar.nic.in/assembly/member/4assemblymemberslist.htm Fourth Karnataka Legislative Assembly (ನಾಲ್ಕನೇ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ವಿಧಾನ ಸಭೆ)
  2. ^ "B.D. Jatti | Chief Minister of Karnataka | Personalities". Karnataka.com. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  3. ^ Special Correspondent. "B.D. Jatti birth centenary on Monday". The Hindu.
  4. ^ Basava Samiti (9 May 2013). ".::basavasamithi.in::". Archived from the original on 3 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Shri B.D. Jatti" (PDF). Orissa Reference Annual 2004: 174. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  6. ^ a b "About Shri B.D. Jatti". Basava Samiti. 3 June 2013. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  7. ^ "Shri B.D. Jatti" (PDF). Orissa Reference Annual 2004: 174. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  8. ^ a b "His simplicity survived rewards of public life". The Hindu. 8 June 2002. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013.
  9. ^ "B D Jatti". MapsofIndia.com.
  10. ^ "LG Secretariat - Lt.Governor's Profile". rajnivas.py.gov.in. Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry Secretariat. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  11. ^ "UNION TERRITORY OF PONDICHERRY". legislativebodiesinindia.nic.in. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  12. ^ "ORISSA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY". legislativebodiesinindia.nic.in. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  13. ^ Das, B. C. (1978). "GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN ORISSA SINCE INDEPENDENCE—AN OVERVIEW". The Indian Journal of Political Science. 39 (3): 438–457. ISSN 0019-5510. JSTOR 41854862. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  14. ^ Jena, B.B. (1994). "ORISSA POLITICS". The Indian Journal of Political Science. 55 (3): 285–298. ISSN 0019-5510. JSTOR 41855700. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  15. ^ "Election to Office of Vice President of India: Change in address of a Contesting Candidate" (PDF). Official Gazette Government of Goa, Daman and Diu. Series II (22). Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, News Photo, President of India Fakhruddin ..." www.timescontent.com. Times of India. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  17. ^ Vice-Presidential Election 2017 (PDF). Lok Sabha Secretariat. June 2017. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  18. ^ Malhotra, Inder (23 March 2015). "Indira Gandhi loses election: from the archive, 23 March 1977". the Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  19. ^ "Indian Opposition Gains a Majority". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  20. ^ "When Indira Gandhi decided to storm the Golden Temple". The Indian Express. 30 December 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  21. ^ "HT This Day: March 25, 1977 -- Desai sworn in Prime Minister". Hindustan Times. 24 March 2022. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  22. ^ Times, William Borders Special to The New York (1 May 1977). "Constitutional Conflict Ends in India as Acting President Accepts Order Dissolving Nine State Legislatures". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  23. ^ Borders, William (30 April 1977). "New Indian Regime Moves to Hold New Assembly Elections in 9 States". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  24. ^ "Former vice presidents bio-profiles". Vice President of India. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009.
  25. ^ "About Us". Basava samiti. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013.
  26. ^ Community Dominance and Political Modernisation: The Lingayats. By Shankaragouda Hanamantagouda Patil. 2002. ISBN 9788170998679.
  27. ^ "Memories of Founder Sri.B.D.Jatti". Basava samiti. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013.
  28. ^ "B.D.Jatti dead". The Hindu. 8 June 2002. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013.
  29. ^ "Governor, CM condole Jatti's death". The Hindu. 8 June 2002. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013.
  30. ^ "Simple man with a lofty office". Deccan Herald. Archived from the original on 11 September 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  31. ^ "Quality of public life has declined: Governor". The Hindu. 10 September 2012.
  32. ^ "B.D. Jatti birth centenary on Monday". The Hindu. 9 September 2012.
Political offices Preceded bySiddavanahalli Nijalingappa Chief Minister of Mysore 1958–1962 Succeeded byS. R. Kanthi Preceded bySayaji Laxman Silam Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry 1968–1972 Succeeded byChhedilal Preceded byGatikrishna Mishra Governor of Odisha 1972–1974 Succeeded byGatikrishna Mishra Preceded byGopal Swarup Pathak Vice-President of India 1974–1979 Succeeded byMohammad Hidayatullah Preceded byFakhruddin Ali Ahmed President of IndiaActing 1977 Succeeded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy