B. D. Jatti
|President of India |
11 February 1977 – 25 July 1977
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi|
|Preceded by||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed|
|Succeeded by||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy|
|5th Vice President of India|
31 August 1974 – 30 August 1979
|President||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed |
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi|
|Preceded by||Gopal Swarup Pathak|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Hidayatullah|
|9th Governor of Odisha|
8 November 1972 – 20 August 1974
|Chief Minister||Nandini Satpathy|
|Preceded by||Gatikrishna Mishra|
|Succeeded by||Gatikrishna Mishra|
|Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry|
14 October 1968 – 7 November 1975
|Chief Minister||Hasan Farook|
|Preceded by||Sayaji Laxman Silam|
|Chief Minister of Mysore|
16 May 1958 – 9 March 1962
|Preceded by||Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa|
|Succeeded by||S. R. Kanthi|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly, Karnataka|
26 March 1952 – 12 October 1968
|Preceded by||Constituency Established|
|Succeeded by||S. M. Athani|
Basappa Danappa Jatti
10 September 1912
Savalagi, Jamakhandi, Bombay Presidency, British India
(present-day Karnataka, India)
|Died||7 June 2002 (aged 89)|
Bangalore, Karnataka, India (present-day Bengaluru)
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Alma mater||Rajaram College|
Basappa Danappa Jatti (pronunciation (help·info)) (10 September 1912 – 7 June 2002) was the fifth vice president of India, serving from 1974 to 1979. He was acting President of India from 11 February to 25 July 1977. The soft-spoken Jatti rose from a humble beginning as a Municipality member to India's second-highest office during a five-decade-long chequered political career.
Jatti was born in a Kannada speaking Lingayat family at Savalgi in Jamkhandi Taluk of Bijapur district in present-day Karnataka on 10 September 1912. His parents were Dasappa Jatti and Sangamma. Jatti studied at the Bijapur Government High School and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rajaram College and a degree in law from the Sykes Law College, Kolhapur. Jatti practiced as a lawyer for a while in Jamkhandi before being elected to the Jamkhandi municipality in 1940 and going on to become its president. He was elected to the Jamakhandi State Legislature, becoming a minister and subsequently its Chief Minister.
In 1940, he entered politics as a Municipality member at Jamkhandi and subsequently became the President of the Jamkhandi Town Municipality in 1945. Later, he was elected as a member of the Jamkhandi State Legislature and was appointed a minister in the government of the princely state of Jamkhandi. Finally, he became the 'dewan' (Chief Minister) of Jamkhandi state in 1948. As dewan, he maintained cordial relations with the Maharaja, Shankar Rao Patwardhan, and brought about the accession of the small principality to the Indian Union. On 8 March 1948 after Jamkhandi was merged with Bombay state, he returned to legal practice and continued with it for 20 months.
Later, Jatti was nominated as a member of the Bombay State Legislative Assembly to represent the merged area, and within a week of his nomination, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the then Bombay Chief Minister, B. G. Kher. He worked in that capacity for a couple of years. After the 1952 general elections, he was appointed Minister of Health and Labour of the then Bombay Government and held that post till the reorganization of states. His autobiography, 'I'm my own model', is very popular.
Jatti became a member of the Mysore Legislative Assembly after the reorganization and was Chairman of the Land Reforms Committee, which paved the way for the 1961 Mysore Land Reforms Act (which abolished the tenancy system and absentee landlordism). He was the Chief Minister and Kadidal Manjappa was the Revenue Minister when the Bill was adopted. In 1958, when S. Nijalingappa stepped down as Chief Minister of the state, Jatti was elected leader of the party in the face of a stiff challenge from Congress veteran T. Subramanya. He became the Chief Minister of Mysore in 1958 and continued in that office until 1962.
Re-elected from the Jamkhandi constituency in the third general elections, Jatti was appointed Finance Minister on 2 July 1962 in the S. Nijalingappa Ministry. He was re-elected to the fourth Assembly from the same constituency and appointed Minister of Food and Civil Supplies.
Jatti subsequently was Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry from October, 1968 to November, 1972. Jatti was appointed Governor of Orissa in November, 1972. On March 1, 1973 the ruling Congress government led by Nandini Satpathy resigned after it lost its majority in the legislative assembly. Although the leader of the opposition, Biju Patnaik, staked his claim to form the government and demonstrated the support of a majority of legislators, Jatti chose to prorogue the assembly session on the advice of Sathpathy and on March 3, 1973 recommended President’s rule in the state. Jatti, with the aid of advisors administered the state during the period of President’s Rule which continued until Mach, 1974. He resigned as Governor in August, 1974 to contest in the Vice Presidential election of 1974. Jatti was sworn in as the Vice President of India on August 31, 1974.
Following the death in office of Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Jatti became the Acting President of India between February 11 and July 25, 1977. Following the defeat of the Indian National Congress in the General Elections of 1977, Jatti asked Indira Gandhi to continue as caretaker Prime Minister and, on the recommendation of the Cabinet, revoked the Emergency on March 21, 1977. Jatti swore in Morarji Desai as Prime Minister on March 25, 1977. In April, 1977, the new government recommended the dismissal of governments and the dissolution of legislative assemblies in states ruled by the Congress Party. Although Jatti initially hesitated to accept the Cabinet’s recommendation, he ultimately agreed to it and dismissed governments in nine states.
A deeply religious man, Jatti was the founder president of the "Basava Samithi", a religious organisation which propagated the preachings of 12th-century saint, philosopher and reformer of Lingayat community Basaveshwara. The Basava samithi established in 1964 has published many books on Lingayatism and Sharanas and has got the 'vachanas' of sharanas translated into various languages. He was also involved in various organisations concerned with social activities.
He died on 7 June 2002. He was hailed as a man who set an example of selfless service and stood for value-based politics. He was once called an ordinary man with extraordinary thought, and he named his autobiography, I'm My Own Model. His centenary celebrations were held in 2012.