Mission typeEarth observation
COSPAR ID2001-049C
SATCAT no.26959Edit this on Wikidata
WebsiteDLR BIRD page
Mission duration1 year, 3 months
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass92 kilograms (203 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date22 October 2001 (2001-10-22)
Launch siteSatish Dhawan FLP
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude551 kilometres (342 mi)
Apogee altitude580 kilometres (360 mi)
Inclination97.8 degrees
Period96 minutes
Epoch22 October 2001, 00:53:00 UTC[1]

BIRD (Bispectral and Infrared Remote Detection) is a satellite launched by ISRO in 2001 for DLR. This small (92 kg) boxlike system, with solar panel two collectors on stub wings, has remarkable fire-detection qualities. It hosts a two-channel infrared sensor system in combination with a Wide-Angle Optoelectronic Stereo Scanner (WAOSS). It also features a neuronal network classificator in orbit to reduce downlink bandwidth and cost.[2]

The unique combination of a stereo camera and two infrared cameras gives the opportunity to acquire:

The attitude&control system of the BIRD satellite was reused in the TET-1 satellite.


A BIRD satellite architecture (in German) (pdf)

O. Maibaum, T. Terzibaschian, "Lessons learned from the Object-Oriented Design of the BIRD Attitude Control System Software", 16th IFAC Symposium on Automatic Control in Aerospace (ACA'2004), ACA'2004 Preprints (Vol.I), S. 156-161, St.Petersburg, 14–18 June 2004

See also


  1. ^ "NASA - NSSDCA - Spacecraft - Trajectory Details". Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  2. ^ "BIRD - A DLR Small Satellite Mission for the Investigation of Vegetation Fires and Vegetation Condition". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-05-03.