Bab ad-Debbagh
باب الدباغين
General information
Typecity gate
Architectural styleAlmoravid, Moorish, Moroccan
LocationMarrakesh, Morocco
Coordinates31°37′25.2″N 7°58′29.4″W / 31.623667°N 7.974833°W / 31.623667; -7.974833Coordinates: 31°37′25.2″N 7°58′29.4″W / 31.623667°N 7.974833°W / 31.623667; -7.974833
Completedcirca 1126

Bab ad-Debbagh or Bab Debbagh (Arabic: باب الدباغين, lit.'gate of the tanners') is one of the main eastern gates of the medina (historic walled city) of Marrakesh, Morocco.

Description

The gate is the northernmost of the two eastern gates of the medina. It dates back to around 1126 CE when the Almoravid emir Ali ibn Yusuf built the first walls of the city.[1][2] Its name means "Gate of the Tanners" and refers to the nearby tanneries which have been present here since the Almoravid period.[1]

It has the most complicated layout of any gate in the city: its passage bends 5 times, in an almost S-like path, passing through two open-air courts and one elongated chamber with a vaulted ceiling.[3] A staircase in the southeastern corner of the structure grants access to the roof of the gate.[1] Scholars believe that only the central part of the gate (the vaulted chamber) dates back to the original Almoravid gate and that the inner and outer courtyard sections were added later by the Almohads.[3][1] The gate originally would have had a "simple" bent entrance (i.e. turning 90-degrees only once).

References

  1. ^ a b c d Allain, Charles; Deverdun, Gaston (1957). "Les portes anciennes de Marrakech". Hespéris. 44: 85–126.
  2. ^ Deverdun, Gaston (1959). Marrakech: Des origines à 1912. Rabat: Éditions Techniques Nord-Africaines.
  3. ^ a b Wilbaux, Quentin (2001). La médina de Marrakech: Formation des espaces urbains d'une ancienne capitale du Maroc. Paris: L'Harmattan. ISBN 2747523888.