Badong Yao
Batong Yao
Regionsouthern Hunan
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone

Badong Yao language (Chinese:八垌瑶语) is an unclassified Sinitic language spoken by the Yao people in Xinning County, Hunan province, China. Badong Yao is currently endangered, and is spoken in the villages of Huangyandong 黄岩峒, Malindong 麻林峒, and Dazhendong 大圳峒 in Huangjin Ethnic Yao Township 黄金瑶族乡, Xinning County.[1] It is also spoken in Malin Ethnic Yao Township 麻林瑶族乡, located just to the east of Huangjin Township.

Vocabulary

The following word list of Badong Yao is from Li (2011:332-334).[2]

Chinese gloss English gloss Badong Yao 八峒瑶 Page
hard, stiff ŋai¹¹ 332
cattle ŋau¹³ 332
you (singular) ŋ̩³³ 332
one i⁵⁵ 333
two liə¹¹ 333
three sa³⁵ 333
four ɕi⁵⁵ 333
five ɤŋ³³ 333
six lei³³ 333
seven tɕʰi⁵⁵ 333
eight pia³³ 333
nine tɕy³³ 333
ten dzi¹¹ 333
hundred pa³³ 333
thousand tsʰai³⁵ 333
million uai¹¹ 333
亿 hundred million i³⁵ 333
jin (Chinese measurement) tɕin³⁵ 333
double lio³³ 333
classifier (general) kəu³³ 333
classifier (animals, pieces) tɕa³³ 333
root and stem of certain plants tau³⁵ 333
classifier (thin, long objects) dy¹³ 333
root ɣai¹³ 333
husband dio³³ 333
chi (Chinese measurement) tsʰa³³ 333
li (Chinese measurement) li³³ 333
sky tʰiə³⁵ 333
ground ti¹¹ 333
person, human being ɤŋ¹³ 333
cloud ɣoŋ³³ 333
rain u³³ 333
frost ɕio³⁵ 333
east toŋ³⁵ 333
south la³³ 333
西 west ɕi³⁵ 333
north pai³³ 333
spring tɕʰoŋ³⁵ 333
summer xa¹¹ 333
autumn tsʰei³⁵ 333
winter toŋ³⁵ 333
chicken tɕi³⁵ 333
dog kau³³ 333
to jump tʰei³³ 333
to hit dei³³ 333
to lift diəa³³ 333
to climb la³³ 333
fast kʰəa³³ 333
slow mai¹¹ 333
good xəu³³ 333
bad ya¹¹ 333
black xai³³ 333
white ba¹¹ 333
起床 to get up from bed di³³tɕʰi¹¹ 333
洗脸 to wash face ɕiə³³miə¹³ 333
梳头 to comb hair ɕy³⁵dau³³ 333
炒菜 to stir-fry vegetables tsʰəu³³tɕʰəa⁵⁵³ 333
吃亮堂饭(早饭) to eat breakfast y¹¹do¹³lo³⁵pai¹¹ 333
喂猪 to feed pig ui⁵⁵tei³⁵ 333
看牛 to tend cattle lei⁵⁵ŋao³³ 333
弄柴 to prepare firewood ləu³⁵dʑəa³³ 333
烧火 to burn fire ɕy³⁵fəu³³ 333
吃半日饭(中午饭) to eat lunch y¹¹po⁵⁵ɣoŋ³³pai¹¹ 333
挑水 to carry water ta³⁵ɕui³³ 333
洗衣 to wash clothes ɕiə³³i³⁵ 333
缝衣 to sew clothes lai³³i³⁵ 333
洗澡 to take a bath ba¹³duo¹³ 333
吃夜头饭 to eat dinner yi¹¹ia¹¹dau³³pai¹¹ 333
穿衣 to wear clothes təu³³i³⁵ 333
穿裤 to wear pants bəu¹³fu⁵⁵ 333
穿鞋 to wear shoes da¹¹iəa¹³ 333
戴帽子 to wear hat tia⁵⁵mo³³tə¹⁰ 333
睡觉 to sleep miə³³ŋo¹³tɕo¹⁰ 333
自己 self (reflexive) tɕiə¹¹ka³⁵ 334
我们 we (exclusive) a³³li³⁵ 334
他们 they tʰaŋ³⁵li¹⁰ 334
大家 everyone tɕin¹¹ɕi⁵⁵ 334
老女(妻子) old woman (wife) ləu³³ny³⁵ 334
主家人(丈夫) head of household (husband) tɕəu³³ka³⁵ɤŋ¹³ 334

References

  1. ^ Lei Biying; Zheng Linguang [雷碧英; 郑林光; 新宁县民族宗教事务局; 新宁县黄金瑶族乡中心学校]. 2012. Badong Yao language [八峒瑶语]. Xinning: Xinning County Ethnic and Religious Affairs Bureau [新宁县民族宗教事务局].
  2. ^ Li Zirong [李志荣] (ed). 2011. Hunan Yaozu [湖南瑶族]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社]. ISBN 978-7-105-11699-7