Badruddin Ajmal
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
16 May 2009
Preceded byAnwar Hussain
President of All India United Democratic Front
Assumed office
2 October 2005
Preceded byPost Established
Member of Assam Legislative Assembly
In office
Preceded byWazed Ali Choudhury
Succeeded byWazed Ali Choudhury
ConstituencySalmara South
In office
Preceded byKhalilur Rahman Chowdhury
Succeeded bySirajuddin Ajmal
Personal details
Born (1950-02-12) 12 February 1950 (age 71)
Hojai, Assam, India[1]
Nationality India
Political partyAll India United Democratic Front (2005 to present)
Spouse(s)Rehana Badruddin Ajmal
ChildrenAbdur Rehman Ajmal (son)
Abdur Rahim Ajmal (son)
RelativesSirajuddin Ajmal (brother)
Amiruddin Ajmal (brother)
Nazirul Haq Ajmal (brother)
Fakhruddin Ajmal (brother)
Alma materDarul Uloom Deoband
ProfessionPolitician, businessman
As of 28 February 2021
Source: [1]

Badruddin Ajmal (12 February 1950) is an Indian businessman, politician, philanthropist and Islamic theologian from the state of Assam.[2] He is the state-president of Jamiat Ulama-e-Hind for Assam.


Ajmal was born into a Bengali Muslim family. He is the son of Haji Ajmal Ali, a rice farmer from Hojai in central Assam. In 1950, his father moved to Mumbai to try and succeed in the perfume industry using the oud plant. After the opening of the first store in the 1960s, the Ajmal perfume brand quickly grew to become a large brand in the Middle East.[3]

The son of the founder of Ajmal Perfumes, he established the All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) in 2005.[4] He is also the president of the Assam State Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind. He holds master's degrees in Theology and Arabic from Darul Uloom Deoband university.[5] He is a 3-time MP from Dhubri constituency.[6] He has been regularly listed among The 500 Most Influential Muslims of the world.[7][8]

He is the Managing Trustee of Haji Abdul Majid Memorial (HAMM) Public Trust, Hojai. This trust is best known for the charitable hospital, Haji Abdul Majid Memorial Hospital and Research Center[9] at Hojai, Assam. He also established a hospital at Malua near Badarpur of Karimganj District. The hospital is named as Badarpur Hospital.[10] In 2005, he established Ajmal Foundation, a non-governmental organization based in Assam, India and operates 25 educational institution across the state.[11] He is the state-president of Jamiat Ulama-e-Hind for Assam.[12]

Political activities

He was the president of Hojai session reception committee of Assam Sahitya Sabha, 2004 and Darul Hadith, Jayanagar Madrassa.[5] Assam Ajmal's political debut came in 2005 after the Supreme Court struck down the Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act.[13] Ajmal founded the Assam United Democratic Front, which was renamed the All-India United Democratic Front in 2013.

Before the 2006 Assam assembly elections, Ajmal was politically insignificant. During the 2006 elections however, his party managed to win 10 seats fighting the Congress. he was elected simultaneously from two constituencies – South Salmara and Jamunamukh – by a large margin of votes. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, Ajmal won from Dhubri constituency.[13]

In the 2011 Assembly polls, AIUDF won 18 seats and emerged as the largest opposition party in Assam.[14]

In the 2014 Lok Sabha polls, Ajmal was re-elected from Dhubri and his party won 3 Lok Sabha seats. In the 2016 assembly elections, however, the BJP swept the polls and Ajmal himself lost the Salmara South constituency. His party was reduced to 13 seats.[15]

In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, Ajmal was the only candidate from his party to keep his seat, winning again from Dhubri. With 7 children, he has most children for any Member of Parliament in India.[16] In 2020, Ajmal announced he and Congress would be in alliance for the 2021 polls.[15]


Ajmal's statements have often courted controversy for polarizing Bengali Muslims. Following the 2012 Assam riots, Ajmal claimed the violence was between Bodos and Muslims. The remarks were criticised by an Assamese Muslim group, the Sadou Asom Gariya – Moria Desi (SAGMJ), along with the All Assam Students Union, for ignoring that Assamese Muslims were not involved at all.[13]

On 22 January 2021, at a rally in Dhubri, Ajmal claimed the BJP had a list of 3500 mosques it would destroy if returned to power at the Centre and that “they will not let women go out wearing ‘burqa’, grow a beard, wear a skullcap or even offer azaan at mosques.” The BJP claimed he was making "communal statements" out of "nervousness" since BJP "will get majority share of Muslim votes" this election. Congress, with whom Ajmal is in alliance, as well as NDA party Asom Gana Parishad also condemned the remarks.[17]


  1. ^[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Himanta Biswa Sarma: In this Assam election, Bangladeshi immigrants want their own CM too". 15 February 2016.
  3. ^ Sajjad, M. "Ajmal Perfumes: A 70-year legacy of farm to fragrance". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  4. ^ AIUDF Official Website
  5. ^ a b "Bioprofile of 15th Lok Sabha members, India". Archived from the original on 2 November 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  6. ^ "15th Lok sabha members, Assam, India". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  7. ^ "The Muslim 500: Badruddin Ajmal Qasmi". Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Times of India on 22 most influential Muslims in India". Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Ajmal Foundation". Archived from the original on 1 April 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  10. ^ "Badruddin Ajmal Election Results 2021: News, Votes, Results of Assembly".
  11. ^ "Number of Students Clearing NEET Exam After Coaching From Ajmal Foundation's Increases from 11 to 80". 18 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind defends Assam Accord-1985 in SC". Outlook India. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  13. ^ a b c "Assam Muslims blame perfume baron for unrest". Hindustan Times. 17 August 2012. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ a b "The 'Ajmal' factor in Assam Assembly polls". Deccan Herald. 30 January 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Mr PM, Please Note: 96 BJP MPs Have Three or More Children". NewsClick. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  17. ^ "Congress runs for cover in Assam after new ally AIUDF chief Badruddin Ajmal sparks a row". Hindustan Times. 21 January 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
Party political offices Preceded byBadruddin Ajmal Leader of the All India United Democratic Front Party in the 16th Lok Sabha 2014–present Incumbent