Bageshwar district
Bageshwar view 01.jpg
Panchchuli range viewed from Kausani.jpg
Baijnath Temple Complex-Bageshwar district- uttarakhand-DSC001.jpg
Pindari glacier from Zero Point, Uttarakhand, India.jpg
View from Vijaypur.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Sarju river at Bageshwar, Panchachuli viewed from Kausani, Pindari Glacier, view from Vijaypur, Baijnath Temple
Location in Uttarakhand
Location in Uttarakhand
Bageshwar district
Coordinates: 29°51′N 79°46′E / 29.85°N 79.77°E / 29.85; 79.77Coordinates: 29°51′N 79°46′E / 29.85°N 79.77°E / 29.85; 79.77
Country India
State Uttarakhand
 • District collectorAnuradha Pal, IAS[1]
 • Total2,302 km2 (889 sq mi)
 • Total259,898
 • Density108/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi
 • NativeKumaoni
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Bageshwar is a district of Uttarakhand state in northern India. The town of Bageshwar is the district headquarters. Prior to its establishment as a district in 1997 it was part of Almora district.[2]

Bageshwar district is in Kumaon, and is bounded on the west and northwest by Chamoli District, on the northeast and east by Pithoragarh District, and on the south by Almora District.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Uttarakhand (out of 13), after Rudraprayag and Champawat.[3]


The area, that now forms Bageshwar district, was historically known as Danpur, and was ruled by Katyuris during the 7th century AD. After the disintegration of the Katyuri kingdom in the 13th century, the area remained under the rule of Baijnath Katyurs, direct descendants of Katyuri kings.[4] In 1565, king Balo Kalyan Chand annexed Danpur along with Pali, Barahmandal and Mankot to Kumaun.[5]

In 1791, Almora, the seat of the Kumaon, was invaded and annexed by the Gorkhas of Nepal.[6] The Gorkhas ruled the region for 24 years and were later defeated by the East India Company in 1814,[7][8][9] and were forced to cede Kumaon to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.[10]: 594 [11] After its annexation by British, Bageshwar was a part of the Danpur pargana in Almora district of United Provinces.

Bageshwar was made a separate tehsil in 1974, and in 1976 it was declared a pargana, after which, it formally came into being as a large administrative center. Since 1985, the demand for declaring it a separate district of different parties and regional people started, and finally, in September 1997, Bageshwar was made the new district of Uttar Pradesh by Chief Minister Mayawati.[12]


For administrative convenience, Bageshwar is divided in four Tehsils, viz., Bageshwar—comprising 415 inhabited villages; 2) Kanda (with 180 inhabited villages); 3) Kapkot having 156 villages; and Garur having 197 revenue villages. Pattis (viz., Katyur—Talla, Malla and Bichalla ; Dug; Kharahi; Danpur—Talla, Malla, Bichalla; Nakuri; Dafaut and Kamsyar—Walla and Palla) and Development BLOCKS are other administrative units.

Besides regular police at different Thanas like Bageshwar, Garur, Jhiroli, Kanda and Kapkot, the Patwaris (revenue officials) are also equipped with police power.


From geographical point of view, Bageshwar district is hilly one—amidst Shivalik ranges and high Himalayas. Drainage system is from north to south-east. Main rivers flowing across Bageshwar are - Pindar, Saryu/Sarju, Gomati, and Pungar, the latter two being tributary of Sarju. Many other riverines, locally known as GADHERA meet these at different places. These three river valleys have made alluvial landforms locally known as Seras where majority of population is concentrated. Other villages are settled on hillocks having mild slopes/ or some flat landforms.


Religions in Bageshwar district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Bageshwar district has a population of 259,898,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu.[14] This gives it a ranking of 578th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 116 inhabitants per square kilometre (300/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 5.13%.[3] Bageshwar has a sex ratio of 1093 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 80.69%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 27.73% and 0.76% of the population respectively.[3]

Languages of Bageshwar district (2011)[15]

  Kumaoni (93.87%)
  Hindi (4.11%)
  Others (2.02%)

The major first language of the district is Kumaoni, which accounted for approximately 94% of the population according to the 2011 census.[15]

Bageshwar district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Indian Census.[15]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
006102 Bhojpuri 200 0.1%
006195 Garhwali 1,867 0.7%
006240 Hindi 10,680 4.1%
006340 Kumaoni 243,965 93.9%
014011 Nepali 2,158 0.8%
022015 Urdu 222 0.1%
046003 Halam 157 0.1%
Others 649 0.2%
Total 259,898 100.0%

As of 2001 Indian census, the Bagheswar district had a population of 249,462. Hindus 247,402, Muslims 1,280 (.51%), Christians 361.[16]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

Assembly Constituencies

  1. Kapkote
  2. Bageshwar (SC)



  1. ^ "सीमांत जिले पिथौरागढ़ में पहली बार महिला जिलाधिकारी तैनात, बागेश्वर में भी महिला डीएम, देखें किसे मिली कमान". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 29 October 2022.
  2. ^[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ Kathoch, Y.S. A New History of Uttarakhand.
  5. ^ Handa, O.C. (2002). History of Uttaranchal. New Delhi: Indus Pub. Company. p. 71. ISBN 9788173871344.
  6. ^ Hamilton, Francis; Buchanan, Francis Hamilton (1819). An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal: And of the Territories Annexed to this Dominion by the House of Gorkha. A. Constable. Retrieved 2 September 2016. The name Rajapur is also mentioned over a number of ancient copper plates.
  7. ^ Cross, John Pemble ; foreword by J.P. (2008). Britain's Gurkha War : the invasion of Nepal, 1814-16 ([Rev. ed.] ed.). London: Frontline. ISBN 978-1-84832-520-3.
  8. ^ Naravane, M.S. (2006). Battles of the honourable East India Company : making of the Raj. New Delhi: A. P. H. Pub. Corp. ISBN 978-81-313-0034-3.
  9. ^ Gould, Tony (2000). Imperial warriors : Britain and the Gurkhas. London: Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-365-1.
  10. ^ Martin, Robert Montgomery. The History of the Indian Empire. Mayur Publications.
  11. ^ Summary of the operations in India: with their results : from 30 April 1814 to 31 Jan. 1823. Marquis of Hastings. 1824.
  12. ^ Kasniyal, BD (15 May 2016). "Development gains elude Kumaon's holy place". The Tribune. Pithoragarh. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttarakhand". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  14. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est.
  15. ^ a b c "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttarakhand". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  16. ^ "Uttarakhand - Districts of India: Know India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2009.
  17. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901