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Baiyin
白银市
Baiyin city view
Baiyin city view
Nickname(s): 
铜城 (Copper City)
Location of Baiyin Prefecture within Gansu
Location of Baiyin Prefecture within Gansu
Baiyin is located in Gansu
Baiyin
Baiyin
Location of the city center in Gansu
Baiyin is located in China
Baiyin
Baiyin
Location of the city in China
Coordinates (Baiyin municipal government): 36°32′42″N 104°08′20″E / 36.5451°N 104.1389°E / 36.5451; 104.1389Coordinates: 36°32′42″N 104°08′20″E / 36.5451°N 104.1389°E / 36.5451; 104.1389
Country China
RegionGansu
Municipal seatBaiyin District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city21,200 km2 (8,200 sq mi)
Elevation
1,698 m (5,571 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city1,740,800
 • Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • Urban895,300
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
730900
Area code(s)0943
ISO 3166 codeCN-GS-04
Vehicle registration甘D
Websitewww.baiyin.cn

Baiyin (simplified Chinese: 白银; traditional Chinese: 白銀; pinyin: Báiyín; lit. 'Silver metal') is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Gansu province, People's Republic of China. Established in the 1950s as a base for mining non-ferrous metals, its mines are becoming exhausted in recent decades, requiring the city to reinvent its economy.[2][3] Located around 60 km (37 mi) from Gansu's capital Lanzhou, it is part of the Lanzhou-Baiyin Economic Belt.[4]

Geography and climate

Yellow River Stone forest canyon
Yellow River Stone forest canyon

Baiyin is part loess plateau, part desert. Elevation ranges from 1,275 to 3,321 meters (4,183 to 10,896 feet) above sea-level. The climate is very arid with only 110–352 mm (4.3–13.9 in) of annual precipitation. Annual evaporation is 2,101 mm (82.7 in) resulting in a net loss of approximately 1,800 mm (71 in). The Yellow River flows from south to north for 214 km (133 mi) through Baiyin.

The area is 21,200 km2 (8,200 sq mi), 3,478 km2 (1,343 sq mi) of that urban.

Climate data for Baiyin (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
4.8
(40.6)
10.6
(51.1)
17.7
(63.9)
22.8
(73.0)
26.4
(79.5)
28.5
(83.3)
27.1
(80.8)
21.9
(71.4)
15.5
(59.9)
8.5
(47.3)
2.1
(35.8)
15.5
(60.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.9
(39.0)
10.8
(51.4)
16.1
(61.0)
20.1
(68.2)
22.0
(71.6)
20.5
(68.9)
15.6
(60.1)
9.0
(48.2)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
8.8
(47.9)
Average low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.5
(40.1)
9.6
(49.3)
13.8
(56.8)
16.0
(60.8)
14.8
(58.6)
10.4
(50.7)
3.8
(38.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
−9.7
(14.5)
3.3
(37.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.5
(0.06)
0.9
(0.04)
3.4
(0.13)
8.4
(0.33)
21.3
(0.84)
31.5
(1.24)
39.9
(1.57)
42.6
(1.68)
27.1
(1.07)
13.4
(0.53)
1.3
(0.05)
0.4
(0.02)
191.7
(7.56)
Average relative humidity (%) 50 45 43 40 42 47 54 58 61 59 52 51 50
Source: China Meteorological Administration[5]

Administration

Baiyin has 2 urban districts, 3 counties, 64 townships, 18 towns, and 7 sub-districts with a total population of 1,746,800(2011).

Map
Name Simplified
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Baiyin District 白银区 Báiyín Qū 294,400 1,372 215
Pingchuan District 平川区 Píngchuān Qū 192,398 2,106 91
Jingyuan County 靖远县 Jìngyuǎn Xiàn 454,925 5,809 78
Huining County 会宁县 Huìníng Xiàn 541,273 6,439 84
Jingtai County 景泰县 Jǐngtài Xiàn 225,755 5,483 41

Economy

The Baiyin Nonferrous operates copper, zinc and selenium mines around Baiyin, although these mines are getting exhausted of ore. Financed by development funds, a high-tech park is being built, which is home to a contact lens factory.[2][6] Pingchuan District and Huining County are the largest coal production bases in Gansu province.

The Yinguang Group, a subsidiary of Norinco, operates a major factory making chemicals for defense and civilian use, the factory was a key project of the first five-year plan.[7]

Transportation

Baiyin is directly served by the Baotou–Lanzhou railway, China National Highway 109, China National Highway 341 and G6 Beijing–Lhasa Expressway.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b Baiyin City's 2019 National Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin
  2. ^ a b "Not so grim up north-west". 9 January 2014.
  3. ^ "China, People's Republic of: Gansu Baiyin Integrated Urban Development Project" (PDF). Asian Development Bank. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-05-24.
  4. ^ "Top 8 economic rims in China - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  6. ^ 全省唯一隐形眼镜自主研发生产企业:甘肃康视达科技集团在银揭牌 (in Chinese (China)). Baiyin People's Government. 4 August 2012. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  7. ^ "甘肃银光化学工业集团有限公司 公司简介". gsyg.norincogroup.com.cn. Retrieved 2021-08-31.