Native toIran
EthnicityLur people, Bakhtiari people
Native speakers
1.2 million (2019)[1]
350,000 monolinguals
Persian alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3bqi

Bakhtiari dialect is a distinct dialect of Southern Luri spoken by Bakhtiari people in Chaharmahal-o-Bakhtiari, Bushehr, eastern Khuzestan and parts of Isfahan and Lorestan provinces.[3] It is closely related to the Boir-Ahamadi, Kohgiluyeh, and Mamasani dialects in northwestern Fars. These dialects, together with the Lori dialects of Lorestan (e.g. Khorramabadi dialect), are referred to as the “Perside” southern Zagros group, or Lori dialects. Luri and Bakhtiari are much more closely related to Persian than Kurdish."[4]

Bakhtiari could be seen as a transitional idiom between Kurdish and Persian.[5]


  1. ^ Bakhtiari at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) closed access
  2. ^ "Bakhtiâri".
  3. ^ Erik Anonby; Mortaza Taheri-Ardali (2016). "Bakhtiari". In Geoffrey Haig; Geoffrey Khan (eds.). The Languages and Linguistics of Western Asia. Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. ISBN 978-3-11-042608-3.
  4. ^ Limbert, John: Journal of Iranian Studies Vol. 1, No. 2 at p. 47 (1968) "The Origin and Appearance of Kurds in Pre-Islamic Iran."
  5. ^ Paul, Ludwig (2008). "Kurdish langugae i. History of the Kurdish langugae". Encyclopedia Iranica.


Further reading