Balwant Rai Bhatt
Born(1921-09-23)23 September 1921
OriginBhavnagar, Gujarat, India
Died2 May 2016(2016-05-02) (aged 94)
GenresHindustani Classical Music
Occupation(s)Composer, Singer

Pandit Balwant Rai Bhatt (23 September 1921 – 2 May 2016) was a noted Indian composer and musician of Hindustani Vocal Music.[1] He was also known as Bhavrang (भावरंग). He died at his home in Varanasi on 2 May 2016.

Early life and background

Balwant Rai Bhatt was born in Bhavnagar, Gujarat to Smt. Harkunvar and Shri Gulabrai Bhatt on 23 September 1921.[2]


Bhatt was a disciple of Pandit Omkarnath Thakur of Gwalior Gharana. In 1950, he moved to Varanasi with his mentor setting up a music institution named Kala Sangeet Bharati at the Banaras Hindu University. He taught at the university for 31 years. The music institution grew and evolved through the years, and was the Faculty of Performing Arts.[3]

Apart from being an educator, he was known as an exceptionally talented composer. He was considered a complete Vaggeyakaar, one who composes both Vak or the word (couplets, poems) and the Geya (literally translated to singable) or the melody. He has a penchant for layakari, and many of his compositions incorporate intricate laya (tempo) patterns. Many of his compositions have been published in book form as the three volumes of Bhavrang Lahari. Bhavrang was his pen name. He was 'Gurubandhu' Classmate of Pt.Jashvantrai Bhatt(Disciple of Omkarnathji).


He edited the Sangeetanjali series of books that were authored by Pandit Omkarnath Thakur. A 3-volume book series called Bhavrang Lahari (भावरंग लहरी) contains many of his compositions.


Balwant Rai Bhatt has been awarded Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1990.[4] He was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 2004.[5] He was honored with the prestigious Kalidas Samman in the year 2007–08.[6]



  1. ^ "The Hindu : Friday Review Delhi / Music : Melodies of repose". Archived from the original on 3 September 2006. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Omenad - Online Music Education".
  3. ^ "Welcome to Faculty of Performing Arts,Banaras Hindu University,Varanasi". Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Untitled Document". Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2009.
  5. ^ "SNA: Awardeeslist::". Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  6. ^ "Department of Public Relations :: Madhya Pradesh". Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010.