Pitu Ulunna Salu
Native toIndonesia
Native speakers
(22,000 cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ptu

Bambam (also: Pitu Ulunna Salu) is an Austronesian language of West Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is spoken in the Mambi and Tabang districts of Mamasa Regency, and in the Matangnga district of Polewali Mandar Regency.[2] Together with Aralle-Tabulahan, Ulumanda', Pannei and Dakka, Bambam belongs to the Pitu Ulunna Salu languages, which form a subbranch within the Northern branch of the South Sulawesi subgroup.[3]


Vowel phonemes[2][4]
Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open/Near-open æ ɑ
Consonant phonemes[2][4]
Labial Alveolar Postalveolar Velar Glottal
voiceless p t k
voiced b d d͡ʒ g
Fricative β[a] s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral l
  1. ^ /β/ only occurs in certain dialects, the prestige variant merges it with /b/

/k/ is realized as [ʔ] in morpheme-final position, e.g. /ænæk/ [ænæʔ] 'child'.


  1. ^ Bambam at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c Campbell, Philip J. (1989). Some Aspects of Pitu Ulunna Salu Grammar: A Typological Approach (MA thesis). University of Texas at Arlington.
  3. ^ Friberg, Timothy; Laskowske, Thomas V. (1989). "South Sulawesi languages" (PDF). In J.N. Sneddon (ed.). Studies in Sulawesi linguistics part 1. NUSA 17. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa. pp. 1–17.
  4. ^ a b Campbell, Philip J. (1991). "Phonology of Pitu Ulunna Salu" (PDF). In Rene van den Berg (ed.). Workpapers in Indonesian Languages and Cultures (PDF). Vol. 12, Sulawesi phonologies. Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi: Summer Institute of Linguistics. pp. 1–52. ISBN 979-8132-85-8.

Further reading

  • Smith, Beverly Kean (1993). A Phonological Reconstruction of Proto-Pitu Ulunna Salu (MA thesis). University of Texas at Arlington.