Banana Fritter
Banana fritters served in Kerala, India
Region or stateSoutheast Asia and the Indian subcontinent
Main ingredientsBanana or plantain, batter

A banana fritter is a fritter made by deep frying battered banana or plantain in hot cooking oil. It is a common dish across Southeast Asia and South India.

It is commonly found in Kerala and is not served with any curry or side dishes.[1]



Banana fritters are a traditional snack in Brunei, where they are called cucur pisang.[1][2] They are similar to pisang goreng in Indonesia and Malaysia. Cucur pisang madu, a variant of cucur pisang made with honey, are popular as a light afternoon meal (minum petang).[3]


Cambodian banana fritters at a market in Siem Reap

In Khmer, banana fritters are called num chek chien (នំចេកចៀន). They are made by dipping flattened bananas in a thick mixture of rice flour, sesame seeds, egg whites and coconut milk seasoned with salt and sugar and deep frying them in hot oil until crispy and golden. The Cambodian banana fritters are more savoury than sweet and are often eaten as a snack with coconut ice cream as a popular accompaniment.[4] A famous banana fritter shop in Cambodia is Chek Chean Pises operating since 2000 that has two locations in Phnom Penh – at Mao Tse Tong Boulevard and Kampuchea Krom Boulevard.[5]


South India

Vazhakkappam in Kerala, India

Vazhakkappam or pazham pori (Malayalam: പഴം പൊരി), also known as ethakka appam, "boli", ratheesh and bekachi is a fritter food with ripened banana or plantain[6] and maida flour. A popular food item in South Indian cuisines, especially in Kerala, it is generally eaten as a breakfast or a snack.[6][7] It is called as balekayi bajji (ಬಾಳೆಕಾಯಿ ಬಜ್ಜಿ) in Kannada, vazhakkay bajji in Tamil, and aratikaya bajji (అరటికాయ బజ్జి) in Telugu.

Pazham pori is principally made from bananas or plantain. Plantains are slit lengthwise after peeling and is dipped into a batter made from all-purpose flour, salt, turmeric powder and sugar. This is then deep-fried in oil until golden brown.[8] In the other South Indian states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, it is however prepared using besan flour.

Pazham pori is served usually along with tea or chai as a snack in the evening. In some restaurants in Kerala pazham pori is served along with beef.[9]


Indonesian roadside gorengan (fritter) peddler offering pisang goreng.
Frying pisang goreng in Karimun Jawa

In Indonesia, banana fritters are commonly known as pisang goreng.[10][page needed] They are often sold by street vendors,[11] In Indonesia pisang goreng are deep fried in ample of cooking oil; they might be coated with batter or not.

Plantain is often used instead of banana. Traditionally, some cultivars of banana such as pisang raja, pisang tanduk and pisang kepok are the most popular kinds of banana used for pisang goreng. These banana cultivars have a mild sweet and sour flavor and firm texture that will not crumble upon being fried. Pisang raja however, has a softer texture and a fragrant aroma.[12] The banana is often battered and then deep fried in ample palm oil. Pisang goreng might be battered or plain deep fried. The batter most commonly uses a combination of flour, either wheat, rice flour, tapioca or bread crumb. Several recipes might add coconut milk or milk and vanilla extract into the batter to add aroma.[13] Most traditional street vendors will then sell them as is, without any additional ingredients or toppings. However, more upscale coffee shops, cafes and restaurants serve more sophisticated pisang goreng sprinkled with powdered sugar, cinnamon sugar, cheese, jam, condensed milk, chocolate or vanilla ice cream.

In Indonesia, it is consumed as a snack to accompany tea or coffee, either in the morning or late afternoon break. Traditional warung kopi (local coffee shops) often offer pisang goreng and other snacks, including fritters and kue to accompany coffee or tea.

Banana fritters along other kinds of fritters are sold on travelling carts or by street vendors throughout Indonesia.[11] Other than pisang goreng, various kinds of ingredients are battered and deep fried such as tempeh, mendoan, tofu (tahu goreng), oncom, sweet potato, cassava chunk, cassava tapai, tapioca (cireng), vegetables (bakwan) and breadfruit.[14]

Every region in Indonesia has developed various recipe for pisang goreng with a variety of different names, ingredients and cooking techniques.[12] In Bali for example, pisang goreng is called godoh biu, in West Java it is called cau goreng, in Java gedhang goreng, in Sibolga pisang rakit and in Pontianak pisang kipas.[15]

Pisang goreng is usually sold together with other gorengan fritters including fried tofu and tempeh. However, Pisang goreng Pontianak are widely popular in Indonesia with certain retail outlets exclusively selling only this type of banana fritters.[16]

Pisang goreng variants

Pisang molen
Pisang goreng Manado, unusually served with spicy sambal roa

Indonesia has many varieties of pisang goreng, including:

Pisang goreng kipas or Pisang goreng Pontianak
Refers to banana cut in the shape of a fan, battered, and deep fried. The term pisang goreng Pontianak is often used interchangeably with pisang goreng kipas, as both have a similar fan-like shape, but the former is often filled or served with kaya jam.[12]
Pisang goreng pasir
Literally meaning "sandy fried banana", bread crumbs are added to the batter, resulting in grainy, crispy crumbs on the skin, giving it a similar texture to croquette.[12]
Pisang goreng kremes
Javanese pisang goreng kremes is quite similar to pisang goreng pasir, but with a different batter composition and a different frying technique. The batter coating is made of rice flour, vanilla extract, and coconut milk, deep fried in an ample of hot cooking oil, creating crispy and crunchy kremes granules in the coating, and resulting in a sweet, fragrant aroma.[12]
Pisang goreng madu
Literally meaning "honey fried banana", honey is added into the batter, and prior to serving honey is drizzled upon the fried banana. The color is rather dark due to the caramelised honey.[12]
Pisang molen
Derived from Dutch influence in Indonesia, pisang molen literally means "milled banana". Unlike other batter-coated pisang goreng, pisang molen is wrapped around in tape-shaped thin pastry dough prior to frying, creating a crunchy texture on the outside similar to pastry skin, while the banana inside remains moist and soft.[12]
Pisang cokelat
Often colloquially abbreviated as piscok, it is a thin crepe skin filled with banana and chocolate sprinkles or chocolate condensed milk, folded and deep fried in a similar fashion to making spring rolls. It is almost identical to the Filipino turon.
Pisang embal
Kei pisang goreng is similar to other batter-coated pisang goreng, but using embal (tapioca or cassava starch) in its batter. It served with sambal.[17]
Pisang nugget
Small nugget-shaped fried banana. Its texture is akin to pisang goreng pasir in that it is coated in bread crumbs, however it is much smaller in size, similar in shape to chicken nuggets.[18]
Pisang goreng telanjang
Literally meaning "naked fried banana", it is fried without any batter. Salted butter or margarine are added,[12] and it may be topped with grated cheddar cheese. Pisang raja and pisang tanduk are the most suitable banana cultivars to be fried without batter.
Pisang goreng Manado
Manado pisang goreng is similar to other batter-coated pisang goreng, except it is served with sambal roa, a spicy chili paste made of smoked roa fish and fresh chilies.[12]

Malaysia and Singapore

Pisang Goreng as its known

In Malaysia and Singapore, banana fritters are commonly known in the Malay language as pisang goreng. Other names may include cekodok pisang and jemput-jemput pisang. The style of banana fritters commonly found in these countries is made by deep frying battered plantain in hot oil.[19] It is typically consumed as a snack in the morning and afternoon. They are often sold by street vendors,[20] although it is also offered as a product at storefronts, dining establishments as well as Singapore's hawker centres.[21]


A dish of banana fritter cooked in thick, spicy fish sause and served with rice is claimed to have been a favourite dish of the former royal family of Myanmar.[22]


Philippines maruya

There are numerous fried banana dishes in Philippines. They are almost always made from saba bananas, a native cooking banana that is widely used in Filipino cuisine. Pritong saging are fried saba bananas (without batter) usually served with sugar or syrup. Bananas cooked with batter are a different dish known as maruya, which are more commonly made mashed or sliced very thinly and spread into a fan shape. However, the most common Filipino street food dishes made from banana are banana cue and turon. Banana cue are fried bananas coated with caramelized sugar and served on skewers; while turon is a type of fried dessert lumpia unique to the Philippines and is cooked in a crepe wrapper.


Thai banana fritters

Kluai khaek (Thai: กล้วยแขก, pronounced [klûa̯j kʰɛ̀ːk]), sometimes called kluai thot (กล้วยทอด, [klûa̯j tʰɔ̂ːt]), is a popular Thai street snack. Kluai khaek is made from fried, floured banana commonly topped with white sesame.

For the word kluai in Thai means "banana" and khaek literally means "guest" and is a colloquialism used for Indians, Muslims or Hindus. Assumed that the reason it was called, probably because it was adapted from the recipe of those people.

At present, it can be considered as street food that is easily found in general street stalls. Often sold with other types of snacks that have similar characteristics, such as khanom khai nok kratha, khao mao thot, fried taro, etc.

An area famous for kluai khaek in Bangkok is Nang Loeng, Pom Prap Sattru Phai District. Here, there are many kluai khaek shops. The sellers will dress with aprons different colours vary according to each shop. They will carry banana bag, walk down the street and sell to those who drive through the streets and intersections in this area. In February 2018, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) has banned this type of trade.[23] [24]


In Suriname, this snack is also known as bakabana (meaning fried banana in Surinamese).[25]


Vietnamese banana fritters

In Vietnamese, banana fritters are called chuối chiên. They are based on the French dessert banana flambée. After deep frying, Vietnamese banana fritters are drizzled with rum or rice wine and ignited to further crisp them.[26]

See also


  1. ^ a b Grace Ng (5 August 2019). "6 must-try dishes in Brunei for the adventurous". Free Malaysia Today. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ "BRUNEI Kekayaan Alam, sejarah dan budaya". escape! (in Indonesian). p. 11. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021 – via PDFSLIDE.NET.
  3. ^ "Cucur Pisang Madu C-Pyan : Sambutan Amat Menggalakkan". (in Malay). 8 August 2020. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  4. ^ Rivière, Joannès (2008). Cambodian Cooking: A humanitarian project in collaboration with Act for Cambodia. Periplus Editions. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-794-65039-1.
  5. ^ Taing, Rinith (28 June 2019). "Deep-Fried with Hope and Hard Wok". Khmer Times. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b Fodor's Essential India: with Delhi, Rajasthan, Mumbai & Kerala. Full-color Travel Guide. Travel Distribution. 2015. p. 772. ISBN 978-1-101-87868-2. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  7. ^ Sathyendran, Nithya (25 November 2016). "Kerala on the menu". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Pazham Pori / Ethakka appam - Kerala Recipes". Tasty Circle. 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
  9. ^ Sathyendran, Nita (2016-11-25). "Kerala on the menu". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
  10. ^ Backshall, Stephen (2003). Indonesia. Rough Guides. ISBN 9781858289915.
  11. ^ a b Kraig, Bruce; Sen, Colleen Taylor (2013). Street Food around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-59884-955-4.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Fauziah (2017-07-07). "All about Pisang Goreng". Indoindians. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  13. ^ "Pisang Goreng (Indonesian Banana Fritters)". Archived from the original on 22 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  14. ^ Fauziah (2017-06-02). "Gorengan: Indonesia's Favorite Fried Snacks". Indoindians. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
  15. ^ "Resep Pisang Goreng -". Archived from the original on 2013-05-30.
  16. ^ "Pisang Goreng Khas Pontianak Makin Banyak Peminat". (in Indonesian). 21 February 2018. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  17. ^ Stefany, Aprilia (17 May 2019). "Pisang Embal, Sajian Pisang Goreng Khas Kei" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  18. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (15 December 2019). "Pisang Nugget Paling Tren di Pencarian Resep, Bagaimana Membuatnya? Halaman all". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  19. ^ Goldstein, Darra, ed. (2015). The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-199-31339-6.
  20. ^ "GORENG PISANG: A STREET HAWKER DELIGHT IN PENANG, MALAYSIA Travel Blissful". 15 November 2014.
  21. ^ "Where to find the best goreng pisang in Singapore for the perfect midday snack". Lifestyle Asia Singapore. 8 September 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2023.
  22. ^ Tate, D. J. M. (2000). Tropical Fruit of the Philippines. Archipelago Press. ISBN 978-981-4068-00-0.
  23. ^ Thaitrakulpanich, Asaree (2018-02-15). "Bangkok Declares War on Fried Banana Vendors (Again)". Khao Sod. Retrieved 2019-05-20.
  24. ^ Therasupa, Chalinee (2017-03-10). "ใครเคยกิน? "กล้วยทอดนางเลิ้ง"" [Who ever ate? "Nang Loeng Fried Banana"]. Kom Chad Luek (in Thai). Retrieved 2019-05-20.
  25. ^ "South American Food". Archived from the original on 2016-08-15. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
  26. ^ Trang, Corinne (1999). Authentic Vietnamese Cooking: Food from a Family Table. Simon & Schuster. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-684-86444-0.