Bande Utkala Janani
English: I Adore Thee, O Mother Utkala
ବନ୍ଦେ ଉତ୍କଳ ଜନନୀ
Seal of Odisha.png
Emblem of Odisha

State anthem of Odisha
LyricsLaxmikanta Mohapatra, 1912
MusicGokul Mohanty, 1932
(arranged by Balakrushna Dash)
Adopted7 June 2020

Bande Utkala Janani is an Odia patriotic poem written by Laxmikanta Mohapatra in 1912.[1] Odisha became the first state in British India to be formed on linguistic basis on 1 April 1936. The music was first recorded by Gokul Mohanty in 1932.[2] The modern notation was arranged by the Odissi musician Balakrushna Dash[3] which was adopted as the state anthem. The Odisha Cabinet on 7 June 2020,[4] accorded the poem the status as the Anthem of Odisha.[5][6]


This song was first sung at the Utkal Sammilani's Conference at Balasore in 1912. It was used as a weapon by the Utkal Sammilani to emancipate Odisha.[citation needed] In a meeting at Bhadrak, where the poet Mohapatra was felicitated, the then young leader of Odisha Harekrushna Mahtab admitted that the poet Laxmikanta's patriotic songs have inspired him a lot.[citation needed] In the past, outsiders like Mughals, Marathas and Britishers ruled Odisha and its geographical boundaries changed from time to time accordingly.[citation needed]

The poem envisages a Utkala who maintains her self-respect and dignity from a position of confidence and strength rather than insecurity and fear. This movement for a separate province also gathered momentum in Odisha. The Utkal Sammilani (a federation of Odias) was leading this movement. This influenced the poet Laxmikanta Mohapatra, who was then young and energetic. He started writing Bande Utkala Janani (Glory To The Mother Utkala!) and some other fiery songs with a patriotic motive. Well, known national poet of Odisha Banchhanidhi Mohanty was also a good singer. He used to sing Laxmikanta's patriotic songs throughout Odisha and inspired everyone. Once Rabindra Nath Tagore wrote in one of his essays i.e. "A Vision of India's History" that 'the history of India has been the history of a struggle between the mechanical spirit of conformity in social organization and the creative spirit of man which seeks freedom and love in self-expression' justifies Laxmikanta as a true patriotic poet.[original research?]


The State Government's decision to stand up to pay respect when the song is played has been praised.[by whom?] Therefore, it was made compulsory at the end of any Odisha Legislative Assembly Session and in the beginning of school prayer in State Govt. schools in Odisha during the 1990s.

It was a long standing demand of people of the state to accord state song status to this poem which has been passed by the State cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik after the Odias across the globe had come together on the clarion of Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik to sing Bande Utkala Janani on 5:30 pm of May 30 to boost the morale of frontline workers or COVID-19 warriors tackling the coronavirus outbreak.[7][8]


Odia original[9][10] Romanization English translation

ବନ୍ଦେ ଉତ୍କଳ ଜନନୀ
ଚାରୁ ହାସମୟୀ ଚାରୁ ଭାଷମୟୀ,
ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।

ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।।

ଘନ ଘନ ବନଭୂମି ରାଜିତ ଅଙ୍ଗେ,
ନୀଳ ଭୂଧରମାଳା ସାଜେ ତରଙ୍ଗେ,
କଳ କଳ ମୁଖରିତ ଚାରୁ ବିହଙ୍ଗେ
ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।।

ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।।

ସୁନ୍ଦର ମନ୍ଦିର ମଣ୍ଡିତ-ଦେଶା,
ପୁଣ୍ୟ ତୀର୍ଥଚୟ-ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ-ପ୍ରଦେଶା
ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।।

ଉତ୍କଳ ସୁରବର-ଦର୍ପିତ-ଗେହା,
ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।।

କବିକୁଳମୌଳି ସୁନନ୍ଦନ-ବନ୍ଦ୍ୟା,
ଧନ୍ୟେ, ପୁଣ୍ୟେ, ଚିରଶରଣ୍ୟେ
ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ, ଜନନୀ ।।

Bande utkaḷa jananī
Cāru hāsamayī cāru bhāṣamayī,
Jananī, jananī, jananī !

Jananī, jananī, jananī !

Ghana Ghana banabhūmi rājita aṅge,
Nīḷa bhūdharamāḷā sāje taraṅge,
Kaḷa kaḷa mukharita cāru bihaṅge
Jananī, jananī, jananī !

Jananī, jananī, jananī !

Sundara mandira maṇḍita-deśā,
Puṇya tīrthacaya-pūrṇṇa-pradeśā
Jananī, jananī, jananī !

Utkaḷa surabara-darpita-gehā,
Jananī, jananī, jananī !

Kabikuḷamauḷi sunandana-bandyā,
Dhanye, puṇye ciraśaraṇye
Jananī, jananī, jananī !

I adore Thee, O Mother Utkala!
How loving are thy smile and voice!
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

Bath’d art Thou by the sacred Sea,
Thy shores adorned with trees tall and green,
Balmy breeze blowing by beauteous streams,
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

Thy body bedeck’d with dense woodlands,
Arrayed with verdant hills plaited like waves,
Thy sky ringing with choirs of singing birds,
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

How charming are Thy rich fields of paddy!
Thou art Eye to Erudition enow,
Sacred Abode to saints and seers,
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

Thy land bejewelled with splendid shrines,
Richly dress'd art Thou in varied arts,
Thy limbs studded with sacred sites,
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

Thou Home to the valiant heroes of Utkala,
Thy frame crimsoned with enemies' blood,
Prime Darling of the whole universe,
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

Greeted by Thy great sons, the crowning bards,
Thy untarnished glory proclaimed all around,
Blessed art Thou, the Holy, the Unfalling Abode!
O Mother! Mother! Mother!

See also


  1. ^ Gurukalyan Mahapatra (2005). "The Story of Vande Utkal Janani The National Song of Orissa" (PDF). Odisha Review.
  2. ^ "The Many Versions Of 'Bande Utkala Janani' Including 1932 Gramophone Record By Gokul Mohanty". Odisha Bytes. 30 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Odisha Sets Bande Utkala Janani Anthem Duration At 2 Minutes 11 Seconds". Odisha TV. 8 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Odisha CM Office's Announcement".
  5. ^ "Odisha accords state anthem status to Bande Utkala Janani". Hindustan Times.
  6. ^ "Bande Utkala Janani is State song of Odisha". The Hindu.
  7. ^ "Odisha unites to recite 'Bande Utkala Janani' to honour Covid warriors". The New Indian Express.
  8. ^ "Bande Utkala Janani: Odisha unites over CM Patnaik's call to show solidarity with frontline workers". India Today.
  9. ^ Orissa Annual Reference 2005
  10. ^ Odisha Review 2016