This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Bangladesh Coast Guard" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (May 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Bangladesh Coast Guard
বাংলাদেশ কোস্ট গার্ড
বাংলাদেশ কোস্ট গার্ডের প্রতীক.svg
Racing stripe
Bangladesh Coast Guard Flag
Bangladesh Coast Guard Flag
AbbreviationBCG
MottoGuardian At Sea
সমুদ্রের অভিভাবক
Agency overview
Formed14 February, 1995
Employees3,339[1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionBangladesh
Constituting instruments
  • Coast Guard Act, 1994
  • Coast Guard Act, 2016 (Act No. 9 of 2016).[2]
Specialist jurisdiction
  • Coastal patrol, marine border protection, marine search and rescue.
Operational structure
HeadquartersDhaka, Bangladesh
Agency executive
Parent agencyMinistry of Home Affairs
Facilities
Boats167 vessels
Notables
Anniversary
  • 14 February
Website
coastguard.gov.bd
Color: Blue , white , red   

The Bangladesh Coast Guard (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ কোস্ট গার্ড; BCG) is the maritime law enforcement force of Bangladesh. It is a paramilitary force which is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Its officers and sailors are transferred from Bangladesh Navy, and most of the medical officers are transferred from Bangladesh Army. The Bangladesh Coast Guard also performs the duty of maritime border security of Bangladesh. The headquarters is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Currently the coast guard has 3,339 personnel[1] and 63 ships.[3] A modernisation plan named Coast Guard Goal 2030 has been undertaken to enhance its capabilities.[citation needed]

History

The Bangladesh Navy had been performing the duties of a Coast Guard in addition to its own duties of maritime defense since 1994. As time passed, the growing responsibility and workload became inconvenient for the Bangladesh Navy, with the increasing volume of policing duties at sea taking away from its primary role. The emergence of the Bangladesh Coast Guard was the result of the growing awareness in the Government for the requirement of a separate service to enforce national laws in the waters under national jurisdiction and ensure safety of life and property at sea. Following this the Coast Guard Act 1994 was passed by the Parliament in September 1994. Formally the Bangladesh Coast Guard in its present shape came into being on 14 February 1995 and started operational activities with two patrol craft received from Bangladesh Navy. The force is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard motto is 'Guardian at Sea'.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard is a unique force that carries out an array of civil and military responsibilities touching almost every facet of the Bangladesh maritime environment. The Headquarters of Bangladesh Coast Guard in Agargaon, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207 and four Zones (Dhaka, Chittagong, Mongla

and Bhola.[1][3]

Role and mission

Bangladesh Coast Guard unit marching in Victory Day Parade.
Bangladesh Coast Guard unit marching in Victory Day Parade.

Over 90% of Bangladesh exports and imports pass through two seaports at Chittagong and Mongla. Sea-lines communication to these two seaports are the lifelines of the Bangladesh economy. UNCLOS 1982 has made provision for sovereign rights for exploration and exploitation of living and non-living resources in the Bangladesh EEZ. The fishery sector contributes an important part of national export earnings. A significant quantity of gas has been discovered at Sangu in the Bay of Bengal, the extraction of which has already started. Apart from these, a vast number of ships and craft of various types and sizes operate at sea for trade, commerce, fishing, research, exploration and extraction of oil, gas and minerals and so on. To exercise effective control, to ensure safety and security and protect national and international maritime interest at sea, all these diverse activities are brought under various national and international laws and acts.

Mission

Control piracy, illegal trafficking, protect the fishery, oil, gas, forest resources and environmental pollution in Bangladesh waters and coastal areas, ensure overall security and law and order through security assistance to seaports, conduct relief and rescue operation in the coastal areas during natural calamity.[4]

Role

Primary

Secondary

Area of jurisdiction

The area of jurisdiction of the Bangladesh Coast Guard is the sea territory of Bangladesh as declared under the Territorial and Maritime Zone Act, 1974. The Bangladesh Government being a signatory has ratified UNCLOS, 1982.

Areas of Jurisdiction in the Bay of Bengal are:

Apart from the sea territory of Bangladesh, the government has also placed the waterways of the mangrove forest of Sundarban and major rivers up to Dhaka under the jurisdiction of the Coast Guard.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard has the following zonal command: Dhaka, East, West and South zones .

Command and control

Headquarters

Appointment Rank and Name
Director General Rear Admiral Ashraful Hoq Chowdhury, ndu, afwc, psc, BN
Deputy Director-General Commodore M Enamul Hoque
Director (Operations) Captain S M Mesbahuddin, (N), psc, BN
Director (Intelligence) Captain Mohammad Hasan, (G), PSC, BN
Director (Personnel) Captain Sabbir Ahmad Khan, (G), PCGMS, psc, BN
Director (Engineering) Captain Md Shahidullah Al Faruk, (E), NPP, psc, BN
Director (Logistics) Commodore Mohammad Tariqul Islam, (S), psc, BN
Director (IT & Communications) Captain M Shoriful Haque Khan, (G), BCGM, psc, BN
Director (Planning & Acquisitions) Captain Masudul Karim Siddique, (G), PCGM, psc, BN
Judge Advocate General Instructor Commander M Selim Akther, BN
Chief Inspector and Quality Controller Commander M Tariqul Islam, (E), BN

Zonal commands

Appointment Rank and Name
Zonal Commander (Dhaka Zone) Commander M Imam Hasan Azad, (C), psc, BN
Zonal Commander (East Zone) Captain Kazi Shah Alam, (C), afwc, psc, BN
Zonal Commander (West Zone) Captain M Mosayed Hossain, (TAS), BCGM, afwc, psc, BN
Zonal Commander (South Zone) Captain M M K Chowdhury, (H 2), Psc, BN

Training Base BCG Agrajatra

Appointment Rank and Name
Commandant Commodore M Anamul Haque, (C), psc, BN

Rank structure

Commissioned officers
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Bangladesh Coast Guard
12.BNF-VADM.svg
10.BNF-CDRE.svg
09.BNF-CPT.svg
08.BNF-CDR.svg
07.BNF-LTCDR.svg
06.BNF-LT.svg
Sub Lieutenant rank of Bangladesh Navy.png
05.BNF-SLT.svg
07.RNO-MIDN.svg
British Royal Navy OF-Student.svg
Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub-lieutenant Acting Sub-lieutenant Midshipman Officer Cadet
Other ranks
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Bangladesh Coast Guard
Bangladesh-Navy-OR-9.svg
04.BNF-MCPO.svg
03.BNF-CPO.svg
02.BNF-PO.svg
01.BNF-LSM.svg
No insignia No insignia
Master chief petty officer Senior chief petty officer Chief petty officer Petty officer Leading seaman Able seaman Ordinary seaman

Director Generals

Ships

Leader Class Offshore Patrol Vessel, built in Italy.
Leader Class Offshore Patrol Vessel, built in Italy.
Sobuj Bangla-class patrol craft, built in DEW, Narayanganj, Bangladesh.

Main article: List of ships of the Bangladesh Coast Guard

Type Quantity Note
Offshore Patrol Vessel 4
Inshore Patrol Vessel 8
Fast Attack Craft (Gun) 4
Coastal Patrol Craft 4
Riverine Patrol Craft 5
Harbour Patrol Boat 6
High Speed Patrol Boat 136

Future modernisation plan

The Bangladesh government has started a massive modernization plan named Coast Guard Goal 2030 to make Coast Guard a well-trained and well-equipped force to ensure the security of the coastal area. The expansion of the force manpower is also included in the plan.

Dockyard and Engineering Works Limited is constructing two inshore patrol vessels (IPV) for the Bangladesh Coast Guard. These vessels will be 52.8 meters long, 7.4 meters wide and have a draught of 4.5 meters with a displacement of 315 tonnes.

Coast guard ordered six X12 high-speed boats which are being built at Dockyard and Engineering Works Limited with technical assistance from Indonesia. These ships are made of carbon composite and have a length of 11.7 metres (38 ft) and a speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph).

In October 2021, Bangladesh Coast Guard has ordered undisclosed number of Turkish-made ARES 150 HERCULES Offshore Patrol Vessels.[5]

The formation of Coast Guard aviation wing is under process. The force has a plan to procure 10 helicopters for patrolling and search and rescue (SAR) operations within 2025.[6]

Coast guard also wants to be a technologically advanced outfit in monitoring the sea. It has a long-term plan of installing Long-range identification and tracking (LRIT) and Vessel Traffic Management Information System (VTMIS) systems by 2025.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c Khan, Mohammad Jamil (14 February 2016). "'Continue effort to trafficking of drugs and humans'". Dhaka Tribune. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Coast Guard Act, 2016". Act No. 9 of 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Govt committed to giving 'Blue Economy' concept into reality: PM". Bangladesh Awami League. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Mission". coastguard.gov.bd. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Bangladesh Coast Guard has ordered Turkish-made ARES 150 HERCULES OPVs Offshore Patrol Vessels". Navy Recognition. 17 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Increasing the Coast Guard's capacity". The Independent. Dhaka. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2017.