Bani Yas (from Arabic: بَنُو ياس) is a tribal confederation of Najdi origin[1] in the United Arab Emirates.[2] The tribal coalition which consists of tribes from Dubai to Khawr al Udayd southeast of Qatar, was called the Bani Yas Coalition.[3] The tribe has been led by their rulers, the Al Nahyan, who had their headquarters in Al Dhafra and now in Abu Dhabi.[3][4] The ruling family of the United Arab Emirates and Abu Dhabi, Al Nahyan, which is a branch of Al-Falahi, belongs to and rules this tribe, as do the emirs of Dubai, Al Maktoum,[5][6] which is a branch of Al-Falasi.

History

Bani Yas had close relations with the Dhawahir tribe, which was traditionally at odds with al Naimi and Bani Ka’ab in Buraimi Oasis.[7]

Branches

Bani Yas consists of several branches,[8] which are:

  1. Al Bu Falah (آل بو فلاح)
  2. Al Bu Falasi (آل بو فلاسه)
  3. Al Rumaithat (الرميثات)
  4. Al Bu Muhair (آل بو مهير)
  5. Al Hameli (الهوامل)
  6. Al Mazrouie (Al Mazarei المزروعي)
  7. Al Mehairbi (المحاربه)
  8. Al Suwaidi (السودان)
  9. Al Qubaisi (قبيسي)
  10. Al Qamzi (القمزان)
  11. Al Marar (المرر)

See also

References

  1. ^ Christopher Davidson's Abu Dhabi Oil and Beyond page 5
  2. ^ Frauke, Heard-Bey. "The Tribal Society of the UAE" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "The Millennial Legend \ The Bani Yas Alliance". Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  4. ^ "History". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  5. ^ "History of Dubai". DubaiGuru.org. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  6. ^ "History of Dubai". www.dubaionweb.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  7. ^ Motohiro, Ono (March 2011). "Reconsideration of the Meanings of the Tribal Ties in the United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Emirate in Early ʼ90s" (PDF). Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies. 4–1 (2): 25–34.
  8. ^ "قبيلة بني ياس". Hakawati.net. Retrieved 10 October 2021.