A bank holiday is a national public holiday in the United Kingdom and the Crown Dependencies, and a colloquial term for a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland. In the United Kingdom, the term refers to all public holidays, be they set out in statute, declared by royal proclamation, or held by convention under common law.[1][2] In the Republic of Ireland, there are some bank holidays which are not public holidays.[3]

The term "bank holiday" refers to the fact that banking institutions typically close for business on such holidays, as they once used to do on certain saint's days.[4]

List of current holidays

See also: Public holidays in the United Kingdom, Public holidays in Scotland, Public holidays in the Republic of Ireland, Public holidays in the Isle of Man, Public holidays in Jersey, and Public holidays in Guernsey

Current bank and public holidays
Date Name England and
Wales[5] (8)
Scotland[5] (9) Northern
Ireland[6](10)
Republic of
Ireland[7] (10)
Isle of Man[8]
(10)
Jersey and
Guernsey (9)
1 January New Year's Day Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
2 January[note 1] 2 January Green tickY
First Monday in February, or 1 February if the date falls on a Friday Imbolc / Saint Brigid's Day Green tickY
17 March[note 1] Saint Patrick's Day Green tickY Green tickY
The Friday before Easter Sunday Good Friday Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
The Monday after Easter Sunday Easter Monday Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
First Monday in May[note 2][note 3] Early May bank holiday Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
9 May Liberation Day Green tickY
Last Monday in May[note 4] Spring Bank Holiday / Late May Bank Holiday Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
First Monday in June June Bank Holiday Green tickY
First Friday in June Senior Race Day Green tickY
5 July[note 1] Tynwald Day Green tickY
12 July[note 1] The Twelfth (Battle of the Boyne) Green tickY
First Monday in August Summer Bank Holiday Green tickY Green tickY
Last Monday in August August Bank Holiday Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Last Monday in October October Bank Holiday Green tickY
30 November[note 1] St Andrew's Day Green tickY
25 December[note 5] Christmas Day Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
26 December[note 5][note 6] Boxing Day / St Stephen's Day Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e When the stated date falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is normally designated a bank holiday instead. When Christmas Day and New Year's Day fall on a Saturday (and thus 26 December and 2 January on a Sunday), the following Tuesday 28 December (and Tuesday 4 January in Scotland) are also bank holidays.
  2. ^ In 1995 this holiday was moved to Monday 8 May and in 2020 to Friday 8 May – to commemorate the 50th and 75th anniversary of VE Day.
  3. ^ In 2011 an additional public holiday was declared to ensure that most people would have a chance to celebrate the Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, making a four-day weekend as May Day was on the following Monday.[9]
  4. ^ In 2002, 2012, and 2022 this holiday was moved to early June to mark Queen Elizabeth II's Golden, Diamond, and Platinum Jubilees. All three were paired with a second extra holiday to create a four-day weekend.
  5. ^ a b When Christmas Day falls on a Saturday (and thus 26 December on a Sunday), and when Christmas Day falls on a Sunday (and thus 26 December on a Monday), the Monday following Christmas Day is designated a bank holiday by the 1971 Act.
  6. ^ When Christmas Day falls on a Saturday (and thus 26 December on a Sunday), the following Tuesday 28 December is also normally designated a bank holiday by proclamation. See e.g. "No. 63425". The London Gazette. 23 July 2021. p. 13140. When Christmas Day falls on a Sunday (and thus 26 December on a Monday), the following Tuesday 27 December is designated a bank holiday by the 1971 Act.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pyper, Doug (18 December 2015). "Briefing paper - Bank and public holidays" (PDF). House of Commons Library.
  2. ^ "UK bank holidays". gov.uk. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  3. ^ Ryan-Christensen, Aoife (2 February 2024). "All you need to know about bank holidays in Ireland". RTÉ.ie.
  4. ^ "bank holiday". Britannica. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  5. ^ a b Bank holidays and British Summer Time, Directgov, archived from the original on 13 May 2012, retrieved 15 April 2012
  6. ^ Bank holidays, NIDirect, 6 April 2012, retrieved 15 April 2012
  7. ^ Public holidays, Citizens Information Board, 20 January 2020
  8. ^ "Bank Holidays". Government of the Isle of Man. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Royal Wedding: Prince William and Kate set date". BBC. 23 November 2010. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.