Bank of Lithuania
Lietuvos bankas (in Lithuanian)
Coordinates54°41′10″N 25°17′00″E / 54.68611°N 25.28333°E / 54.68611; 25.28333
Established27 September 1922 (1922-09-27)[1]
Ownership100% state ownership[2]
ChairmanGediminas Šimkus
Central bank ofLithuania
Reserves$1.310 billion[2]

The Bank of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos bankas) is the Lithuanian member of the Eurosystem and has been the monetary authority for Lithuania from 1922 to 2014, issuing the Lithuanian litas, albeit with a long suspension between 1940 and 1993. Since 2014, it has also been Lithuania's national competent authority within European Banking Supervision.[3]


Interwar head office building of the Bank of Lithuania in Kaunas

The Bank of Lithuania was first established in Kaunas on 27 September 1922.[1] Its first governor was Vladas Jurgutis.[1] The first task of the bank was to replace German ostmark and ostrubel, which circulated after the World War I, with a Lithuanian currency litas. In 1931, the bank became a member of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) organization.[1]

Primary functions

According to the Bank's official website, the Bank of Lithuania performs these primary functions:

As a member of the European System of Central Banks, the Bank of Lithuania participates in the formulation and implementation of the monetary policy of the eurozone.

Bank leadership

Governors of the Bank of Lithuania:[4]

Chairmen of the board of the Bank of Lithuania:[4]

Management and structure

Aerial view of Bank of Lithuania headquarters in Gediminas Avenue, built for Józef Montwiłł's bank in 1889–1891

The Bank is governed by a board consisting of a chairperson, two deputy chairpersons and two members.

According to The Bank of Lithuania official website, it is managed by Supervision Service; ten departments: Economics, Statistics, Market Operations, International Relations, Payment Systems, Cash, Accounting, Information Technology, General Services and Security; six autonomous divisions (Internal Audit, Legal, Organisation and Personnel, General and Public Relations, Risk Management), and Bank of Lithuania Branches in Kaunas and Klaipėda.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Historical timeline". Bank of Lithuania. Archived from the original on 8 February 2023. Retrieved 7 August 2023.
  2. ^ a b Weidner, Jan (2017). "The Organisation and Structure of Central Banks" (PDF). Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  3. ^ "National supervisors". ECB Banking Supervision.
  4. ^ a b "Historical timeline". Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.