Bank of Queensland Limited
TypePublic
ASXBOQ
IndustryBanking, Financial services
Founded1863; 158 years ago (1863)
HeadquartersBrisbane, Queensland, Australia
Number of locations
Key people
Products
Decrease A$298 million (2019)[1]
Total assetsIncrease A$55.597 billion (2019)[1]
Total equityIncrease A$3.859 billion (2019)[1]
Number of employees
2,098 (2019)[1]
Divisions
Website

The Bank of Queensland (branded BOQ) is an Australian retail bank with headquarters in Brisbane, Queensland. The bank is one of the oldest financial institutions in Queensland, having begun as a building society, It now has 160 branches throughout Australia, including 65 corporate branches and 95 "owner managed" branches.[1]

In 2021, customer satisfaction with BOQ was rated at 82.9% by Roy Morgan Research.[2] In 2007 customer satisfaction levels were placed at 88%.[3]

History

A Bank of Queensland was established in 1863. It collapsed in 1866 closing its doors in the severe financial depression[4][5] known as the Panic of 1866. Another bank took the same name in 1917 but disappeared into the National Bank in 1922.

The current Bank of Queensland was established in 1874 as The Brisbane Permanent Benefit Building and Investment Society.[6] It was incorporated in 1887. It amalgamated with City and Suburban Building Society in 1921 and with Queensland Deposit Bank a decade later. It remained a savings bank cum building society until a trading bank licence was obtained in 1942 in the name of Brisbane Building and Banking Company.[7]

Brisbane Building and Banking Company changed its name to Bank of Queensland (BOQ) on 1 May 1970 and was listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in 1971. Its operations were computerised in 1970.[8]

Bank of Queensland incorporated Bank of Queensland Savings Bank as a wholly owned subsidiary in 1982. In 1991 BOQ acquired Stowe Electronic Switching Pty Ltd and renamed it Queensland Electronic Switching Pty Ltd.

In 1999, Bank of Hawaii bought 5.8 m shares (approx. 10%) in Bank of Queensland. Two years later Bank of Hawaii sold its 6.2 m shares and 5.4 m convertible notes in Bank of Queensland to refocus on its operations in Hawaii.

In 2002, the Bank launched the tagline "bank different" which was to be their branding until 2011.

BOQ acquired the equipment financing business of UFJ Bank in Australia and New Zealand in 2003.[8] The bank also acquired ATM Solutions.

Between 2001 and 2004, BOQ accelerated its branch opening program, opening 55 new branches throughout Queensland and then branches in New South Wales, Victoria, and the Australian Capital Territory in 2004.The following year BOQ acquired the $78 million debtor finance division of ORIX Australia. In 2006 the bank acquired Queensland-based Pioneer Permanent Building Society[8] with full integration completed in November 2007.[9]

The bank opened branches in the Northern Territory and Western Australia in 2006 and then merged with Western Australia-based Home Building Society and the Queensland based Mackay Permanent Building Society in 2007.[10]

In 2010, BOQ joined the rediATM network, and purchased St Andrew's Insurance.[8] St Andrew's is an Australian manufacturer of consumer credit insurance products. It also acquired the Australian and New Zealand divisions of CIT Group Inc,[8] a supplier of vendor finance to small businesses and middle market companies. In that year, BOQ launched a new slogan "Your own personal bank" which was replaced in 2013.[11]

In 2011, the bank experienced a profit slump due to lending losses from the 2010–11 Queensland floods.[12]

In 2013 BOQ bought Virgin Money Australia for $40 million.[13] Under the deal, BOQ has rights to the Virgin Money name in Australia for four decades while paying royalties to the Virgin Group, and Virgin has a seat on the BOQ board.[13]

BOQ launched a new branding in 2013 – “It’s possible to love a bank".[14]

BOQ launched a new five-year five pillar strategy focused on growth and digitisation in Februay 2020. This included reducing some of the 220 banking products it offered and reducing processing times to counter underperformace[15]

ME Bank purchase

In January 2021, BOQ was given approval by the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission to purchase ME Bank[16] for $A1.3 billion raised through an underwritten capital raising of $A1.35 billion. Half of the Bank of Queensland’s customers are in Queensland with another 30% split across, New South Wales and Western Australia. One third of ME Bank’s with another 47% based in New South Wales and Queensland. Combined, the group will have pro forma total assets over $88 billion, with total deposits of more than $56 billion.[17] The ME brand will be maintained together with BOQ and Virgin Money.[18] The purchase was approved by the Treasurer of Australia in June 2021, with the sale expected to be completed on 1 July 2021.[19]

Franchise Model

The BOQ chose a franchise model as a key part of its expansion nationally across Australia in the early 2000s. Many of the bank's branches are run as franchises, under which the bank pays franchisees commissions on the loans the generate, the deposits they source and other products they retail.[20] BOQ calls the franchisees "Owner Managers", and selects small business owners who have strong community relationships[21] to set up a local branch in a suburb or town.[22] BOQ's stated aim was to offer "communities the security of a national bank combined with local know-how" and a personal banker.[23]

The branch owner is responsible for employing and managing the branch staff and all other operating costs associated with running the business whilst operating according to BOQ's policies and procedures. BOQ is responsible for overall brand, policy, product, and operations.[24] Owner Managers were eligible for a series of rewards including BMW car and travel vouchers.[25]

Following the 2011 loss, the BOQ reduced its branch network which included taking control of some of the franchise branches and buying the branch owners out.

BOQ experienced a series of litigation actions between 2014 and 2016 by some franchise owners who believed that they had been unfairly treated.[20]

Two of BOQ''s Victorian franchisees sued the bank in the Supreme Court of Victoria in 2014, claiming senior bank management forced them out of business.[26] In 2013, the bank terminated the franchise agreement with the owner-managers of its Geelong West branch in Victoria and used police and security guards to prevent them entering their branch.[27]

In 2014, BOQ won a large class action proceeding in the New South Wales Supreme Court.  In this case, the Bank successfully defended claims of misleading and deceptive conduct, unconscionable conduct and negligence brought by eleven franchisees who claimed loss and damage caused by the failure of their franchise branches.[28] In 2015, the NSW Court of Appeal rejected the claimants' appeal.[29]

During the Royal Commission into Misconduct in the Banking, Superannuation and Financial Services Industry, the banks franchise model was scrutinised.[25]

In February 2020, the CEO stated that as part of a new five year strategy, that owner-manager branches would continue to be an important and growing part of the business.[30]

Involvement with Storm Financial

In 2010, it was found that one of the Townsville branches of the Bank of Queensland was giving loans to clients of the collapsed Storm Financial.[31] Australian Securities and Investments Commission undertook compensation suits on behalf of Storm Financial clients against the BOQ.[32]

Awards

BOQ was inducted into the Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame in 2014, in recognition of its excellence in providing banking services to Queensland for over a century and its continuing expansion nationally.[33][34]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "BOQ Annual Review 2019" (PDF). Bank of Queensland Limited. 31 August 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Bank of Queensland purchase of ME Bank set to widen customer base to over 1 million Australians". Roy Morgan. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  3. ^ Denny Thomas (19 March 2007). "Bank of Queensland offers to buy Bendigo for $2 bln". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  4. ^ Hodes, Jeremey (15 September 2011). "The Queensland financial crisis of 1866". Queensland History. Retrieved 18 July 2018. Source: S. J. Butlin. Australia and New Zealand Bank: The Bank of Australasia and the Union Bank of Australia Limited, 1828-1951. London, Longmans, 1961, p. 180
  5. ^ "History". North Arm State School. The State of Queensland (Department of Education). Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018. Source: North Arm State School Centenary 1985
  6. ^ "Our History, BOQ". Bank of Queensland. Bank of Queensland. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  7. ^ The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Thu 27 Nov 1941 Page 4
  8. ^ a b c d e "Corporate information". Bank of Queensland. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  9. ^ corporateName=BOQ. "Mergers and Acquisitions". www.boq.com.au. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  10. ^ Stuart Kelly (31 August 2007). "Bank of Queensland Agrees to Acquire Home Building". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  11. ^ Inman, Mason (December 2009). "Your own personal office climate control". New Scientist. 204 (2737): 23. doi:10.1016/s0262-4079(09)63186-9. ISSN 0262-4079.
  12. ^ Eric Johnston (14 April 2011). "Bank of Queensland profit stung by bad debts". the.age.com.au. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Branson sells Virgin Money for $40m". News.com.au. 10 April 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  14. ^ "Bank of Queensland launches new 'It's possible to love a bank' rebranding campaign via BWM". Campaign Brief. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  15. ^ Grieve, Charlotte (27 February 2020). "Bank of Queensland unveils five-year plan, hikes 2020 guidance". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  16. ^ ACCC cleared ME Bank, BoQ merger in January as challenge to Big Four Sydney Morning Herald 19 February 2021
  17. ^ corporateName=BOQ. "2021-02-22". www.boq.com.au. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  18. ^ "BoQ boss makes next move in his career as an empire builder | Business News World". 22 February 2021. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  19. ^ Treasurer Approval for ME Bank Acquisition Bank of Queensland 21 June 2021
  20. ^ a b "Mick Gatto called in to Bank of Queensland franchisee dispute". www.abc.net.au. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  21. ^ corporateName=BOQ. "Our Franchisee Criteria". www.boq.com.au. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  22. ^ "A success story: 15 years in the making - BOQ Castletown". Success North Queensland. 31 July 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  23. ^ corporateName=BOQ. "Franchise Opportunities". www.boq.com.au. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  24. ^ corporateName=BOQ. "Franchising FAQs". www.boq.com.au. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  25. ^ a b Waters, Cara (24 May 2018). "'Bank is not the friend of small business': admits BoQ executive". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  26. ^ "Bank of Queensland embroiled in lawsuits with franchisees". Australian Financial Review. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  27. ^ Baker, Richard (26 November 2013). "Judge hits BoQ over use of police". The Age. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Branch franchisees fail in a class action against the Bank of Queensland – Andrew Kirby and Kieran Hickie | CommBar Matters". 26 February 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  29. ^ "Bank of Queensland | Omni Bridgeway". portal.omnibridgeway.com. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  30. ^ Grieve, Charlotte (27 February 2020). "Bank of Queensland unveils five-year plan, hikes 2020 guidance". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  31. ^ Fanning, Ellen. "BOQ docs show problems with Storm loans", 60 Minutes, Australia, 4 June 2010. Retrieved on 6 June 2010.
  32. ^ Elisabeth Sexton (8 February 2012). "Pair pin Storm's fall on bank and ASIC failures". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  33. ^ "Hall of Fame". Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame. State Library of Queensland. Archived from the original on 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  34. ^ "BOQ". Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame. Retrieved 7 August 2017.