Bapudham Motihari
Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg
Indian Railways Station
General information
LocationStation Road, State Highway 54, Mehsi entry point, Motihari, East Champaran district, Bihar
 India
Coordinates26°39′17.6″N 84°54′17.6″E / 26.654889°N 84.904889°E / 26.654889; 84.904889Coordinates: 26°39′17.6″N 84°54′17.6″E / 26.654889°N 84.904889°E / 26.654889; 84.904889
Elevation72 metres (236 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEast Central Railways
Line(s)Muzaffarpur-Gorakhpur main line ,Motihari-Areraj-Narkatiaganj line, Thawe-Motihari- Chauradano line , Motihari-Sheohar-Sitamarhi line,Darbhanga-Bapudham Motihari Line,Barauni–Guwahati line
Platforms6
Tracks10 broad gauge, 1 metre gauge, 2 1676mm
Construction
Structure typeStandard , Elevated
ParkingYeS
Disabled accessDisabled access Available
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeBMKI
Zone(s) East Central Railway zone
Division(s) Samastipur
History
Opened1900;123 years ago
Closed2005,17 years ago
Rebuilt2017;5 years ago
ElectrifiedYes (In 2014[1])
Previous namesEast Indian Railways
Location
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station is located in Bihar
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station
Location within Bihar
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station is located in India
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station
Bapudham Motihari Railway Station (India)

Bapudham Motihari Railway Station (previously Motihari Railway Station) is a major railway station in Motihari, East Champaran district of Bihar. Its station code is BMKI.[2] The station mainly consists of six platforms and acts as the main station in the city of Motihari, which is being developed under azadi ka amrit mahostav programme and to celebrate 150 years of Mahatama Gandhi.[3][4][5]

Connectivity

There are total 113 trains available,[6] which connect to some major cities of India viz., Amritsar, Bihar (Darbhanga, Katihar, Muzaffarpur, Narkatiaganj, Patliputra, Raxaul & Saharsa), Dehradun, Delhi (Anand Vihar), Guwahati, Gujarat (Ahmedabad & Porbandar), Howrah (Kolkata), Jaipur, Jammu, Mumbai (Bandra & LTT) and Uttar Pradesh (Bareilly, Kanpur, Lucknow & Manduadih).

Historical background

It holds many historical references such as the start of the Champaran Satyagraha, in April 1917, on the request of Raj Kumar Shukla, for which Mahatma Gandhi went to Champaran and started the Satyagraha Movement against the cultivation of Neel (Indigo), in the Champaran district of Bihar, India, during the period of the British Raj.[7] It was the first Satyagraha Movement, inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian independence movement. Jab Neel ka Daag Mita: Champaran 1917, by author Pushyamitra expresses such events about the plight, Bihar farmers faced and the fight towards freedom which Bapu lead.[8]

Another important Satyagraha just after this revolt was Kheda Satyagraha of 1918, which was also here for the first time, Mahatma Gandhi was first addressed as Bapu & Mahatma.[9][10]

Due to these movements, the station name changed from Motihari railway station to Bapudham Motihari railway station (Bapudham: Land of Bapu), as a special tribute, for the contribution towards independence of India by the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.

Ranking

As per Station Superintendent Rakesh Kumar Tripathi, it was ranked 264th in the year 2018. And was again ranked 23rd for the overall cleanliness, among the list of the top 100 stations, including the new stations of East-Central Railway, in October 2019. Rajesh Kumar, Chief Public Relations Officer of East Central Railway Hajipur, said that it has ranked 9th among the top 10 stations, which have improved rapidly in the whole country.

It has also been included in the list of top 25 railway stations in the India, released by Railway Minister Piyush Goyal, for the ranking of clean and green stations in New Delhi, to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.[11][12]

References

  1. ^ "सपना साकार, अब फर्राटे भरेगी विद्युत ट्रेन". Jagran.com (in Hindi). 22 December 2014.
  2. ^ "BMKI/Bapudham Motihari". India Rail Info.
  3. ^ Duttagupta, Samonway (24 December 2015). "IRCTC launches a new train specially for New Year travellers". India Today.
  4. ^ Shukla, Vivek (26 February 2015). "प्रभु भी नहीं दे पाए बिहार की रेल परियोजनाओं को स्पीड" (in Hindi).
  5. ^ "Bapudham Motihari Railway Station Model" (PDF).
  6. ^ Shaikh, Azar S. "Bapudham Motihari Station – 113 Train Departures ECR/East Central Zone – Railway Enquiry". India Rail Info. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  7. ^ "चंपारण सत्याग्रह के सौ वर्ष बाद बिहार में नील की खेती". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Jab Neel ka Daag Mita: Champaran 1917 – An account of the plight of the farmers under the British Rule in Champaran, Bihar". India Education | Latest Education News | Global Educational News | Recent Educational News. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  9. ^ "The Champaran – Champaran Foundation". Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  10. ^ "History of Motihari and East Champaran | Mahatama Gandhi and Satyagrah Andolan in Champaran | George Orwell in Motihari". www.apnamotihari.com. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  11. ^ "देश में 23 वीं रैंक पर मोतिहारी रेलवे स्टेशन". Live Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  12. ^ "बापूधाम मोतिहारी स्टेशन को स्वच्छता रैंकिंग में 23वां स्थान, जानें किनके बीच था मुकाबला East champaran News". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 28 April 2020.