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Barbil
Bada Barabil
City
Barbil
Barbil
Location in Odisha, India
Barbil
Barbil
Barbil (India)
Coordinates: 22°07′N 85°24′E / 22.12°N 85.40°E / 22.12; 85.40Coordinates: 22°07′N 85°24′E / 22.12°N 85.40°E / 22.12; 85.40
Country India
StateOdisha
DistrictKeonjhar
Named forBarbil
Area
 • Total165 km2 (64 sq mi)
Elevation
1,077 m (3,533 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total300,000
 • Rank15th
 • Density1,978/km2 (5,120/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
758035
Telephone code06767
Vehicle registrationOD 09
Sex ratio967 /
Websiteodisha.gov.in

Barbil is a city and a Municipal Council in the Kendujhar district (also known as Iron City) of the state of Odisha, India. The region around Barbil has one of the largest deposit of iron ore and manganese ore in the world. It is a major source of revenue generation for both the Central and the State Governments.

According to sources, 45% to 48% ST and SCs are living here.[1]It is a fifth scheduled area under the constitution of india.[2][3]

Geography

Barbil is located at 22°07′N 85°24′E / 22.12°N 85.40°E / 22.12; 85.40.[4] It has an average elevation of 477 m (1,565 ft). Barbil is fully surrounded by hills.

Climate

Climate data for Barbil, Odisha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
28.1
(82.6)
33.2
(91.8)
37.3
(99.1)
39.0
(102.2)
34.9
(94.8)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
30.0
(86.0)
29.3
(84.7)
27.1
(80.8)
25.3
(77.5)
30.8
(87.4)
Average low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.9
(64.2)
22.5
(72.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77.0)
23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
20.3
(68.5)
14.5
(58.1)
10.8
(51.4)
19.3
(66.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 12
(0.5)
25
(1.0)
25
(1.0)
20
(0.8)
56
(2.2)
201
(7.9)
354
(13.9)
370
(14.6)
237
(9.3)
65
(2.6)
11
(0.4)
2
(0.1)
1,378
(54.3)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Demographics

According to the 2011 India census, Barbil had a population of 66,540.[5] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Barbil has an average literacy rate of 72.18%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. An additional 50,000 people come to Barbil for work.According to sources, 45% to 48% ST and SCs are living here.[6]

Languages

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Odia is the official language of Barbil .Nearly 45% to 48% of tribal populations resides in the municipality and hence many tribal languages have been spoken like HO, Santali, Bhuinya language and Sadri language.[7]

Industry

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Barbil is an industrialized town with a number of steel plants, iron ore pellet plants, ore crushers, and mines. The area is very rich in iron and manganese ore. The latest demand is for iron ore fines. The iron ore is consumed domestically and is also exported to other countries such as China. Barbil also has steel manufacturing, iron ore pellet manufacturing, and liquid oxygen production.

Transport

Barbil Railway Station under Chakradharpur division is on a byline in the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line connecting the mainline at Rajkharshavan station which is about 100 km from Barbil. Barbil is connected to Howrah, Bhubaneshwar, Puri, and Tatanagar by train. Jan Shatabdi Express runs from Howrah to Barbil and one passenger train from Barbil to Tatanagar on daily basis[1].

Barbil is also connected to Bhubaneshwar & Puri by a daily-running Barbil-Puri Intercity Express train. Rourkela - Barbil Intercity Express (Daily) via Chakradharpur, Rajkharswan , Chaibasa Dongoaposi, Jhinkpani at one can extend the journey to Rourkela or even Sambalpur Vizag Chennai Alleppy, etc. towards the south and Bilaspur Nagpur Mumbai towards West and also via Keonjhar Kendujhar. Jajpur Road, Cuttack Bhubaneshwar for connecting trains.[8] (Puri-Barbil).

Barbil is also connected to Kolkata, Kendujhar, and Bhubaneshwar by road. Prior to January 2008, there was air service from Barbil. However, international and local flights can be connected via Netaji Subhas Airport (Dum Dum, Kolkata), and also from Biju Patnaik Airport Bhubaneshwar. The Airstrip at Barbil (Tonto) can be used for private and Chartered flights.

Barbil has multiple hotels, including Padma Inn, Hotel Prateek, Hotel Smita, Lucky India, Aadhar Hotel, Hotel Karrow, Hotel Indrapuri, and The World Pinaca.

Social activities

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Bikash Mahal is the pavilion where all the social, cultural, and national day events are organized.

There are many organizations in Barbil, like Barbil Haalchal, 'Native Voice', Prayaas, Niladri, Sambad Sahitya Ghara, Seva Group, Marwadi Yuva Manch, Sahitya Sansada, Gurudwara Singh Sabha, Barbil Bikash Parisad, N.D.C.C, Barbil Civil Society and YBCC who carry out different social events in the town.

Health

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The air of Barbil is laden with dust due to mining activities and passage of mineral-laden trucks in the night through the town as no bypass roads for heavy vehicles are being constructed by the government.

In 2016, there was an outbreak of Dengue fever.

References

  1. ^ "Govt to develop Joda, Barbil as model towns". 21 July 2018.
  2. ^ "ST & SC Development, Minorities & Backward Classes Welfare Department:: Government of Odisha".
  3. ^ "Vikaspedia Domains".
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Barbil[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ "Govt to develop Joda, Barbil as model towns". 21 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Govt to develop Joda, Barbil as model towns". 21 July 2018.
  8. ^ "18416/Puri - Barbil Express - Bhubaneswar to Banspani ECoR/East Coast Zone - Railway Enquiry".