Barre, Vermont
BarreVT NicholsHouse.jpg
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Barre is located in the United States
Barre
Barre
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°11′7″N 72°29′10″W / 44.18528°N 72.48611°W / 44.18528; -72.48611Coordinates: 44°11′7″N 72°29′10″W / 44.18528°N 72.48611°W / 44.18528; -72.48611
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountyWashington
Area
 • Total30.7 sq mi (79.5 km2)
 • Land30.6 sq mi (79.4 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
988 ft (301 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,923
 • Density258/sq mi (99.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05641, 05649, 05654, 05670, 05678
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-03250[1]
GNIS feature ID1462036[2]
Websitewww.barretown.org

Barre /ˈbæri/ is a town in Washington County, Vermont, United States. The population was 7,923 at the 2020 census, making it the 3rd largest municipality in Washington County and the 16th largest municipality in Vermont.[3] Popularly referred to as "Barre Town", the Town of Barre almost completely surrounds the City of Barre, which is a separate municipality. The original town now known as Barre was first chartered in 1780 as the town of Wildersburgh. In 1793 the name Wildersburgh was unpopular with the inhabitants and the name of the town was changed to Barre. In 1895 the City of Barre was incorporated and separated from the Town of Barre, and both continue to exist as separate municipalities.[4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.7 square miles (79.5 km2), of which 30.6 square miles (79.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.16%) is water. Barre is the self-proclaimed "Granite Center of the World". Initially established with the discovery of vast granite deposits at Millstone Hill soon after the War of 1812, the granite industry and the town itself saw a boom with the arrival of the railroad. The fame of this vast deposit of granite, which some geologists say is 4 miles (6.4 km) long, 2 miles (3.2 km) wide and 10 miles (16 km) deep, soon spread to Europe and Canada. Large numbers of people migrated to Barre from Italy, Scotland, Spain, Scandinavia, Greece, Lebanon, Canada, and a number of other countries. The population increased from 2,060 in 1880, to 6,790 in 1890, to 10,000 in 1894.[5] Millstone Hill and the nearby Barre Town Forest are now the site of a recreational, wooded trail network, where the mining holes and grout piles are still peppered throughout.[6]

Government

Barre Town is represented by Francis "Topper" McFaun (R) and Robert LaClair (R) in the Washington-2 district of the Vermont House of Representatives. It is represented by Ann Cummings (D-Montpelier), Anthony Pollina (P-Middlesex) and Andrew Perchlik (D-Montpelier) in the Washington district of the Vermont Senate.[7]

Local government

All governmental authority of the Town rests with the citizens of the Town, who exercise their powers in Town meeting and/or Town elections, and to whom the elected and appointed officers of the Town are ultimately responsible. Except as otherwise provided in the Town Charter, all the powers of the Town shall be entrusted to and exercised by a Selectboard composed of five members chosen by the voters of the Town. Three members shall be elected for terms of three years, and two members shall be elected for terms of two years. The Selectboard shall discharge all the duties conferred or imposed upon selectboards by law, including the duties of sewer commissioners, Board of Liquor Commissioners, Local Board of Health, and any similar ex officio duties. The Town Manager is the Chief Administrative Officer of the Town and he or she is appointed by the Selectboard.[8]

Communities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800919
18101,66981.6%
18201,95517.1%
18302,0122.9%
18402,1265.7%
18501,845−13.2%
18601,839−0.3%
18701,8822.3%
18802,0609.5%
18906,812230.7%
19003,346−50.9%
19104,19425.3%
19203,882−7.4%
19304,28010.3%
19404,052−5.3%
19504,1452.3%
19604,58010.5%
19706,50942.1%
19807,0908.9%
19907,4114.5%
20007,6022.6%
20107,9244.2%
20207,9230.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14][15]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 7,602 people, 2,951 households, and 2,216 families residing in the town. The population density was 248.1 people per square mile (95.8/km2). There were 3,046 housing units at an average density of 99.4 per square mile (38.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.47% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 2,951 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,563, and the median income for a family was $53,565. Males had a median income of $32,873 versus $26,061 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,609. About 3.7% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Barre Town has its own public school, Barre Town Middle and Elementary School, which hosts students from pre-school through grade eight. The public high school is Spaulding High School and is located in Barre City. Also located in Barre Town are the Websterville Christian Academy[16] and the Montessori School of Central Vermont.[17]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "2020 Census Data | Vermont Center for Geographic Information".
  4. ^ "Barre in Retrospect 1876-1976" published by Friends of the Aldrich Public Library, 1975
  5. ^ "History - City of Barre".
  6. ^ "Barre Town Forest".
  7. ^ "Find a Legislator".
  8. ^ "Municipal Charters".
  9. ^ "Barre Town Selectboard".
  10. ^ "Town Manager".
  11. ^ "Town Clerk".
  12. ^ "Rock of Ages" (PDF). Central-VT.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
  13. ^ Delcore, David (May 5, 2009). "E.L. Smith Quarry has role in new Star Trek movie". Times Argus. Archived from the original on 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Vermont History Explorer". Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  16. ^ "Our Story". 15 March 2022.
  17. ^ "About MSCVT - Montessori School of Central Vermont".