Baruipur
Town
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur Municipality
Interactive Map Outlining Baruipur
Baruipur is located in West Bengal
Baruipur
Baruipur
Location in West Bengal
Baruipur is located in India
Baruipur
Baruipur
Location in India
Coordinates: 22°21′56″N 88°25′57″E / 22.3654432°N 88.4325028°E / 22.3654432; 88.4325028Coordinates: 22°21′56″N 88°25′57″E / 22.3654432°N 88.4325028°E / 22.3654432; 88.4325028
Country India
State West Bengal
DivisionPresidency
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBaruipur Municipality
Area
 • Total9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total53,128
 • Density5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[1][2]
 • Additional officialEnglish[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700144, 700145
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituencyJadavpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBaruipur Purba (SC), Baruipur Paschim
Websitewww.baruipurmunicipality.org.in

Baruipur (Bengali: [bɑːɾuɪpuɾ] (listen)) is a town and a municipality of the South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).[3] It is the headquarters of the Baruipur subdivision.

History

Many janapadas grew up along the old Bhagirathi channel from the ancient times till around the 16th century: Kalighat, Boral, Rajpur, Harinavi, Mahinagar, Baruipur, Baharu, Jaynagar, Majilpur, Chhatrabhog etc. Bipradas Pipilai's Manasavijaya, composed in 1495, mentions many places in this region. "Chand Sadagar, a merchant character of the Manasavijaya, reached Baruipur, from Kalighat, through the old Bhagirathi channel. From there he proceeded towards Chhatrabhog, and then traveling through Hatiagarh pargana reached the open sea". Chaitanyadeva (1486–1534) also went through this route. Travelling by boat to Puri he halted at the village of Atisara, near Baruipur. "His last stoppage in 24 Parganas was at Chhatrabhog, now a village within the jurisdiction of the Mathurapur police station. Chhatrabhog seems to have been an important river-port on the old Bhagirathi channel". Rama Chandra Khan, the zamindar of Chhatrabhog, helped Chaitanyadeva to continue with his journey.[4]

Geography

Cities and towns in the southern part of Baruipur subdivision (including Baruipur, Jaynagar I & II, Kultali CD blocks) in South 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, N: neighbourhood, H: historical place/ religious centre
Places linked with coastal activity are marked in blue
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Area overview

Baruipur subdivision is a rural subdivision with moderate levels of urbanization. 31.05% of the population lives in the urban areas and 68.95% lives in the rural areas. In the southern portion of the subdivision (shown in the map alongside) there are 20 census towns. The entire district is situated in the Ganges Delta and the southern part is covered by the Baruipur-Jaynagar Plain. Archaeological excavations at Dhosa and Tilpi, on the bank of the Piyali River indicate the existence of human habitation around 2,000 years ago.[5][6][7]

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Location

Baruipur is located at 22°21′56″N 88°25′57″E / 22.3654432°N 88.4325028°E / 22.3654432; 88.4325028. It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).[8]

Khodar Bazar on the west, Salipur on the north, Baruipur (CT) on the east are census towns adjacent to Baruipur, and Komarhat is a little away on the south, as per the map of the Baruipur CD block in the District Census Handbook 2011 for the South 24 Parganas district.[9]

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Climate data for Baruipur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
27.7
(81.9)
31.4
(88.5)
33.1
(91.6)
33.4
(92.1)
32.3
(90.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.8
(87.4)
31.2
(88.2)
30.8
(87.4)
28.1
(82.6)
25.1
(77.2)
30.0
(86.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
22.7
(72.9)
27
(81)
29.3
(84.7)
30
(86)
29.5
(85.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.6
(83.5)
28.5
(83.3)
27.5
(81.5)
23.5
(74.3)
20
(68)
26.3
(79.3)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
17.7
(63.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.6
(78.1)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.2
(75.6)
19
(66)
14.6
(58.3)
22.5
(72.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14
(0.6)
17
(0.7)
20
(0.8)
34
(1.3)
96
(3.8)
244
(9.6)
323
(12.7)
322
(12.7)
321
(12.6)
172
(6.8)
30
(1.2)
1
(0.0)
1,594
(62.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 9m)[10]

Demographics

Population of Baruipur 
CensusPopulation
19014,217
19116,37551.2%
19215,114−19.8%
19316,48326.8%
19417,13010.0%
19519,23829.6%
196113,60847.3%
197120,50150.7%
198126,22927.9%
199137,65943.6%
200144,91319.3%
201153,12818.3%
Source:[11]

According to the 2011 Census of India, Baruipur had a total population of 53,128, of which 26,718 were males and 26,410 were females. There were 3,763 people in the age range of 0 to 6 years. The total number of literate people was 45,434, which constituted 85.5% of the population with male literacy of 87.6% and female literacy of 83.4%. The effective literacy (7+) of population over 6 years of age was 92.0%, of which male literacy rate was 94.4% and female literacy rate was 89.6%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 13,157 and 317 respectively. Baruipur had a total of 13,226 households as of 2011.[12]

Civic administration

Municipality

Baruipur Municipality covers an area of 9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi). It has jurisdiction over parts of the Baruipur. The municipality was established in 1869; 153 years ago (1869). It is divided into 17 wards. According to the 2022 municipal election, it is being controlled by the All India Trinamool Congress.[13][14]

Police stations

Baruipur police station covers an area of 212.48 km2 (82.04 sq mi). It has jurisdiction over parts of the Baruipur Municipality, and the Baruipur CD block.[15][16]

Baruipur women police station has jurisdiction over parts of the Baruipur Municipality, and the Baruipur CD block.[17][16]

CD block HQ

The headquarters of the Baruipur CD block are located at PO Piyali Town, Phultala, Baruipur.[18] The map of the CD block Baruipur on the page number 383 in the District Census Handbook 2011 for the South 24 Parganas district shows the headquarters of the CD block as being in Baruipur.[19]

Transport

Baruipur is on the State Highway 1.[20]

Baruipur Junction railway station is on the Sealdah–Namkhana line of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.[20][21]

Commuters

With the electrification of the railways, suburban traffic has grown tremendously since the 1960s. As of 2005-06, more than 1.7 million (17 lakhs) commuters use the Kolkata Suburban Railway system daily. After the partition of India, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Bangladesh had a strong impact on the development of urban areas in the periphery of Kolkata. The new immigrants depended on Kolkata for their livelihood, thus increasing the number of commuters. Eastern Railway runs 1,272 EMU trains daily.[22]

Education

Healthcare

References

  1. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan Area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
  4. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Pages 3-4, Chapter I: South 24 Parganas: An overview. Department of Planning and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 South Twety-four Parganas". Table 2.1 , 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 13, Physiography. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  7. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 9: Sundarbans and the Remote Islanders, p 290-311. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Baruipur
  9. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 383 - Map of Baruipur CD block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Climate: Baruipur". Climate Data. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Census of India: Baruipur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Baruipur Municipality". West Bengal Valuation Board. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Baruipur Municipality". Department of Municipal Affairs. Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Baruipur police station". Baruipur police district. West Bengal police. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  16. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 South 24 Parganas". Table No. 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Baruipur women police station". Baruipur police district. West Bengal police. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  18. ^ "BDO Offices under South 24 Parganas District". West Bengal Public Library Network, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 3 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 383 - Map of Baruipur CD block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  20. ^ a b Google maps
  21. ^ "34792 Sealdah-Namkhana Local". Time Table. India Rail Info. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  22. ^ Mondal, Bhaswati. "Commuting and Metropolitan Development of Kolkata". Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  23. ^ "Al-Ameen Memorial Minority College". AAMMC. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Home". BHS. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  25. ^ "Baruipur College". BC. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  26. ^ "Baruipur Government Polytechnic". BGP. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  27. ^ "Gargi Memorial Institute of Technology". GMIT. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  28. ^ "Greater Kolkata College of Engineering and Management". GKCEM. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  29. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department" (PDF). Health Statistics - Hospitals. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  30. ^ "Directory Of Medical Institutions West Bengal (as on 31.03.2018)" (PDF). wbhealth.gov.in. Retrieved 26 March 2022.