The Barungguan are an Aboriginal Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of Northern Queensland.[1] The name is associated with three languages: Ganganda,[2] Umpithamu and Morrobolam.


The anthropologist Donald Thomson classified them (speaking of them as the Yintjinga) as one of what he called the Kawadji peoples.[3]


According to Norman Tindale, writing in 1974,[a] the Barungguan had about 700 square miles (1,800 km2) of tribal land, on the western side of Princess Charlotte Bay and extending northwards toward Cape Sidmouth. Their furthest northern limit appears to have been around the Rocky River, beyond which they rarely ventured.[1]

Social organisation

The Barungguan were organized into clans the names of at least two of which are known:

As with the neighbouring Walmbaria, tooth avulsion was practiced on all members of either sex among the Barungguan, with either the right or left upper incisor extracted for ritual purposes.[4]

Alternative names

Source: Tindale 1974, p. 165


  1. ^ Tindale with Hale wrote in 1933: 'The Barunguan tribe extends along the coast from Running Creek south nearly to Cape Direction. Kokolamalama names for the tribe are Baa and Banjingam... There are five local groups or clans who claim this tribal name. The southernmost is the Yninbata, who frequent the country south of Stewart River, on the southern bank of the mouth of which they make their northernmost camp. Their main camps are on Balelutha Creek.' (Hale & Tindale 1933, p. 70)


  1. ^ a b c Tindale 1974, p. 165.
  2. ^ "Y138: Ganganda". AIATSIS Collection (Austlang). 26 July 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  3. ^ Thomson 1934, p. 237.
  4. ^ Hale & Tindale 1933, p. 76.