Basel Bad Bf

Basel Badischer Bahnhof
Deutsche Bahn
Bf
Other namesBasel Badischer Bahnhof
LocationSchwarzwaldallee 200
CH-4016 Basel
Basel, Basel-Stadt
operation as if in Baden-Württemberg
Switzerland
CoordinatesCoordinates: 47°34′5″N 7°36′23″E / 47.56806°N 7.60639°E / 47.56806; 7.60639
Owned byDeutsche Bahn
Operated byDB Station&Service
Line(s)
Platforms5 side platforms
Tracks10
Train operators
Other information
Station code-
DS100 codeRB[1]
IBNR8000026
Category-[2]
Fare zone
History
Opened19 February 1855; 166 years ago (1855-02-19)
Electrified13 September 1913; 107 years ago (1913-09-13) when the present edifice opened
Previous names1935-1948 Basel Deutsche Reichsbahn or Basel DRB
Services
Preceding station DB Fernverkehr Following station
Freiburg Hbf Basel SBB
Freiburg Hbf Basel SBB
towards Chur
Freiburg Hbf Basel SBB
Terminus
Terminus IC
Weil am Rhein
towards München Hbf
Preceding station EuroCity Following station
Freiburg Hbf Hamburg to Interlaken Basel SBB
Hamburg to Zürich Basel SBB
Preceding station ÖBB Following station
Freiburg Hbf Nightjet
Basel SBB
Freiburg Hbf
Preceding station DB Regio Baden-Württemberg Following station
Terminus RE
Weil am Rhein
RB
Grenzach
towards Lauchringen
Preceding station DB ZugBus Regionalverkehr Alb-Bodensee Following station
Terminus IRE
Rheinfelden (Baden)
towards Ulm Hbf
Preceding station Logo trireno black.svg Basel trinational S-Bahn Following station
Basel SBB
Terminus
S6 Riehen Niederholz
Terminus RB27 Weil am Rhein
towards Freiburg Hbf
Location
Basel Bad Bf
Basel Bad Bf
Location within Switzerland

Basel Badischer Bahnhof (literally "Basel Baden Railway station", the name referring to the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railways, which built the station) is a railway station situated in the Swiss city of Basel. The station is situated on Swiss soil, but is operated by the German railway company Deutsche Bahn. A customs border is situated in the passenger tunnel between the tracks and the station hall. It is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[5] The station is served by three lines of the tri-national Regio S-Bahn Basel, and ICE and EC/IC lines to and from Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Berlin and other cities in Germany.

The station is the smaller of the two largest railway stations in Basel, the other being Basel SBB, which is operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS).

History

In March 1838, the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railways started working on a railway line from Mannheim via Heidelberg, Karlsruhe and Freiburg im Breisgau. This line was called Badische Hauptbahn (Baden Main Line) or Rheintalbahn (Rhine Valley Line). A Swiss railway commission desired a continuation of the line into Basel and contacted the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1842.

In January 1851, the Rheintalbahn line reached the village of Haltingen, close to the Swiss border. Since the two governments had not agreed about how to build the station in Basel yet, the passengers were transported across the border with hackney carriages.

Finally, on July 27, 1852, a treaty became effective between the government of Baden and the Swiss Confederation. This treaty is still effective today. The start of construction was further delayed, however, by the Swiss insisting on a terminal station and the Badische Staatseisenbahnen insisting on a through station in favour of the planned extension of the line towards Waldshut.

Badischer Bahnhof, 1862
Badischer Bahnhof, 1862

The first Baden Railway station of Basel was built as a through station at nowaday's Messeplatz square about 800 meters west of today's one. The line from Haltingen to Basel was opened on February 19, 1855 with a temporary wooden station building. A further line to Konstanz in Baden was connected to the southern end of the station in 1856, and by April 10, 1859 Switzerland and Baden had finally agreed to build a permanent station, of which the construction started in May. The street entrances of the station building opened to nowaday's Riehenring street. In 1875, the communication railroad to Basel Swiss station was opened, leaving the Baden station together with the railway to Konstanz.

The increase of railway traffic in the beginning of 20th century afforded larger facilities. To get space for the urban development of Kleinbasel, the government of Basel insisted on a new station on a new site. It was chosen straight north northwest of the railway bridge across the Rhine. The station was moved to its current location between 1906 and 1913.

Special situation

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2017)
Basel Badischer Bahnhof
Basel Badischer Bahnhof

The Badischer Bahnhof is located on Swiss territory, but due to the 1852 treaty between the Swiss Confederation and the state of Baden (one of the predecessors of today's Germany), the largest part of it (the platforms and the parts of the passenger tunnel that lead to the German/Swiss checkpoint) is treated as an inner-German station and is operated by the Deutsche Bahn. The shops in the station hall, however, are located in Switzerland, and the Swiss franc is used as the official currency there (although the euro is universally accepted).

Customs are located in a tunnel between the platforms and the station hall; international trains which continue to Basel SBB can have on-board customs checks. Systematic passport controls were abolished when Switzerland joined the Schengen Area in 2008.

Layout

Basel Badischer Bahnhof has five side platforms serving ten tracks. The platforms are reached from a passenger tunnel leading from the main station building.[6]

Services

As of the December 2020 timetable change, the following services stop at Basel Badischer Bahnhof:[7]

References

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland [German railway atlas] (in German) (Updated ed.). Cologne: Schweers + Wall. 2020. p. 101. ISBN 978-3-89494-149-9.
  2. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2021" [Station price list 2021] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 16 November 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Zonen- und Linienplan" (PDF). Tarifverbund Nordwestschweiz. 13 December 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  4. ^ "RVL Tarifzonenplan". Regio Verkehrsverbund Lörrach. December 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  5. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance (1995), p. 78.
  6. ^ "Basel Bad Bf" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Abfahrt: Basel Bad Bf" (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 13 December 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2021.