Battle of Prome
Part of the Japanese conquest of Burma and Burma Campaign
Date30 March – 2 April 1942
Prome, Burma
(present-day Pyay, Myanmar)
Result Japanese victory

 British Empire

 Empire of Japan

The Battle of Prome was a battle during the Japanese conquest of Burma. China's Generalissimo, Chiang Kai-shek, believed "As long as the British hold Prome, we hold Toungoo."[1]


Japan invaded Burma in December 1941. First, the city of Tavoy's airfield was bombed by the Japanese. Shortly afterward, the Japanese invaded Victoria's Point, and slowly started to build up forces. On 14 January 1942, Japanese forces advanced into Burma.

After the loss at Toungoo, the remaining allies split the land up, and each defended their own city. The British Raj and British Burma got Prome, while Chinese forces went to the nearby Shwedaung.[2][3]

The battle

After a victory at Shwedaung, the Japanese started firing at Prome on the night of 30 March. Despite British forces inflicting significant casualties, they withdrew to Allanmyo on 2 April.[4]


  1. ^ Sunderland, Romanus, Riley, Charles F. (1953). United States Army in World War II China-Burma-India Theater: Stillwell's Mission to China. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army. p. 97. ISBN 124949687X.
  2. ^ Rothwell, Steve. "Battle for Central Burma". Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. ^ Newell, Clayton R. Burma, 1942 (PDF). U.S. Army Center of Military History. pp. 16–18. ASIN B00CCSKG2U.
  4. ^ Rothwell, Steve. "Battle for Central Burma". Retrieved 15 April 2014.

Coordinates: 18°49′N 95°13′E / 18.817°N 95.217°E / 18.817; 95.217