Battle of Sadhaura
Date1710
Location
Result Sikh victory.[1][2][3][4][5][6]
Territorial
changes
Sadhaura captured by the Sikhs.
Belligerents
Punjab flag.svg
Sikhs
Sayyids
Sheikhs
Commanders and leaders
Osman Khan
Hamid Khan
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Sadhaura was fought between Sikhs and the combined forces of the Sayyids and the Sheikhs in Sadhaura in 1710. The imperial forces were defeated and took refuge behind the city's walls. Banda's forces captured the fort and levelled it to the ground. It resulted in a victory for the Sikhs where Banda Singh Bahadur defeated Osman Khan.[6][1][7]

Background

Sadhaura was ruled by Osman Khan, who tortured and killed the Muslim saint Syed Badruddin Shah (also known as Pir Budhu Shah), for helping Guru Gobind Singh in the battle of Bhagnani and for atrocities committed against Hindus where the cows were slaughtered in front of their homes and forbade Hindus and Sikhs from cremating their dead and performing their religious events, which led the Sikhs to march to Sadhaura.[8][9]

Aftermath

Osman Khan was captured and chastised, whereas Hamid Khan fled to Delhi.[10] Many aggrieved peasants who wanted to revolt against the ruling elites joined the forces of Banda Singh Bahadur and thus, the angry mob revolted with plunder and destruction of town and killed everyone who took shelter in the house of Syed Badruddin Shah.[8][9] Banda's forces sacked the city and a general massacre of the city inhabitants ensued.[11][12] Banda Singh Bahadur later appointed his own governor in Sadhaura.[6][1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Struggle of the Sikhs for Sovereignty, 1980, p. 5
  2. ^ Sagoo, Harbans (2001). Banda Singh Bahadur and Sikh Sovereignty. Deep & Deep Publications.
  3. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. pp. 46–47. ISBN 9788186505465.
  4. ^ History of Islam, p. 506, at Google Books
  5. ^ Singha, H.S. (2005). Sikh Studies, Book 7. Hemkunt Press. p. 34. ISBN 9788170102458.
  6. ^ a b c T K Anand (2005). Essence of Sikhism. Vikas Publishing House. p. 65. ISBN 9788125919483.
  7. ^ Patwant Singh (2001). The Sikhs. Doubleday. p. 71. ISBN 9780385502061.
  8. ^ a b Patwant Singh (2007). The Sikhs. Crown Publishing Group. pp. 68, 69. ISBN 9780307429339.
  9. ^ a b Surjit Singh Gandhi (1999). Sikhs in the Eighteenth Century. p. 29. ISBN 9788172052171.
  10. ^ Singh, Rishi (2015). State Formation and the Establishment of Non-Muslim Hegemony: Post-Mughal 19th-century Punjab. SAGE Publications. p. 66. ISBN 9789351505044.
  11. ^ Macauliffe, Max Arthur (2013-03-28) [1909]. The Sikh Religion: Its Gurus, Sacred Writings and Authors. Cambridge University Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-108-05547-5.
  12. ^ Burn, Sir Richard (1937). The Cambridge History Of India (the Mughul Period) Vol.4. p. 322.