Battle off Minicoy Island
Part of Piracy off the coast of Somalia
INS Car Nicobar (T69) and INS Chetlat (T70) cruise.jpg

Car Nicobar-class patrol vessel
Date28 January 2011
Result Indian victory
 India Somali pirates
Commanders and leaders
Arun Bahuguna Usman Salad[1]
1 patrol vessel 1 trawler
Casualties and losses
None 10 killed
15 captured
1 trawler sunk
20 hostages rescued

The Battle off Minicoy Island was a single ship action in January 2011 between Indian naval forces and Somali pirates, during Operation Island Watch. Pirates in the former Thai fishing trawler Prantalay 14 resisted and attacked the Indian Navy warship Cankarso and, in a long surface action off Minicoy Island, the Indians sank the hostile ship and rescued twenty captives.[2]


Prantalay 14 had operated as a pirate mothership in the Indian Ocean for several months before her sinking. After its capture, its Thai owners refused to pay a ransom for the return of the ship and its crew and four of its original crewmembers died of starvation while the crew was kept hostage by the pirates.[3]


Early in the morning of 28 January, Indian Coast Guard Dornier aircraft on a routine patrol detected two skiffs and Prantalay 14 chasing the Bahamian container ship MV Verdi 300 miles (480 km) west of the Lakshadweep Islands. The pirates in the skiffs spotted the aircraft and immediately abandoned the attack and sailed back to Prantalay 14. The aircraft reported the sighting and three Indian Navy ships were dispatched, including the 325-ton INS Cankarso, a Car Nicobar-class patrol vessel under the command of Commander Arun Bahuguna. Cankarso was armed with a 30-millimeter CRN 91 naval gun and two 12.7-millimeter machine guns. A few hours after receiving the Coast Guard's report Cankarso found Prantalay 14 about 100 nautical miles (190 km; 120 mi) north of Minicoy. Cankarso's radioman tried to contact the pirates, but was ignored, so a warning shot was fired towards the pirates, who returned fire with rocket propelled grenades and AK-47s. An exchange of fire commenced and lasted for twelve hours before shots from the CRN 9 heavily damaged the trawler.[2][4]

Indian Navy press release about the operation, 29 January 2011.
Indian Navy press release about the operation, 29 January 2011.

Fuel drums that were stowed on the upper deck ignited and Prantalay 14 began to burn. At that point the survivors abandoned ship so the Indians ceased firing. Thirty-five men went into the water, of whom fifteen were pirates and twenty were Thai and Myanmar sailors on the vessel when the pirates captured it. Ten pirates were killed in the engagement, and the rest were taken to Mumbai in Cankarso as prisoners. There are no indications that any Indian sailors were harmed. Mumbai Police have confirmed that they have registered a case against the pirates for attempt to murder and various other provisions under the Indian Penal Code and Foreigners Act after entering national waters without authorization. Prantalay 14 burned for hours before sinking, during which INS Kalpeni and the Coast Guard ship CGS Sankalp arrived and assisted in rescue operations. A week or so later, Indian naval forces of Operation Island Watch captured Prantalay 11, another former Thai trawler which had been captured by pirates.[5][2][6]

Indian Navy press release about the operation, 6 February 2011.
Indian Navy press release about the operation, 6 February 2011.


The Indian commander, Arun Bahuguna was awarded the Nao Sena Medal for his role in the engagement.[7] The captured pirates were taken to India for trial where they were charged with kidnapping, kidnapping for ransom, attempted murder, and weapons related offenses.[8] As none of the pirate's former hostages appeared as witnesses, the pirates were acquitted of kidnapping for ransom and sentenced in August 2017 to seven years imprisonment on the remaining charges. The pirates had spent six and a half years in prison prior to their sentencing.[8]

See also


  1. ^ "Somalian pirates convicted for 2010 hijacking can return home in a year". 3 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Pirate Mother Ship Prantalay Sinks off Lakshadweep during Anti Piracy Operations by India.
  3. ^ "Five hostages starved to death on ship hijacked by Somali pirates | SAFETY4SEA". Archived from the original on 2 May 2017.
  4. ^ 15 pirates caught after 12-hour battle. NDTV (31 January 2011).
  5. ^ Indian Navy and Coast Guard Neutralize Pirate Mother Vessel >>. Naval Today.
  6. ^ Google News.
  7. ^ "India's I-Day Gallantry Award Winners & Why (Part 2) - Livefist". 14 August 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Somali Pirates Sentenced to Six Months Plus Time Served".