Beach, North Dakota
|Named for||Capt. Warren C. Beach|
|• Mayor||Henry Gerving|
|• Total||2.57 sq mi (6.67 km2)|
|• Land||2.55 sq mi (6.61 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)|
|Elevation||2,776 ft (846 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||408.70/sq mi (157.78/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1027837|
|Highways||I-94, ND 16|
Beach is a city in and the county seat of Golden Valley County in the State of North Dakota. The population was 1,019 at the 2010 census. Beach was incorporated in 1909. The mayor of Beach has been Henry Gerving since 2018.
Beach was first settled circa 1900. It was named for Captain Warren C. Beach of the U.S. Army's 11th Infantry. Beach had led an expedition of railroad surveyors through the area in 1880. The post office was established in 1902, and the town was incorporated first as a village in 1908 and as a city in 1909. It was named the county seat of Golden Valley County in 1912.
In April 1911, the then ex-president and long-term fixture of the Badlands region, Theodore Roosevelt, made his last trip to the area, stopping in Beach and nearby Medora. His visit to Medora passed without incident, but the visit to Beach was marred by a strongly negative reception to Roosevelt's speech. He first expressed surprise that the town of Beach even existed, based upon such marginal land. This was undoubtedly due to the lack of flora and fauna, the wear and strain he endured in the 10 years he ranched in the area, and Rocky Mountain and Great Plains blizzard of 1886–7. Roosevelt's speech had a strong conservationist element, suggesting to local ranchers there should only be one cow for every 12 acres (49,000 m2) of land, which led to local disenchantment with the president.
The incident is likely to have critically influenced his commentary and estrangement with the region, culminating in October 1918. While giving a morale speech regarding World War I in then strongly anti-war North Dakota, a side trip to the Badlands was suggested. Roosevelt demurred, stating "[i]t is a mistake for one to hit the back trail after many years have passed. One finds things have changed, the old picture destroyed, the romance gone . . . It's best that it should be so, but I don't want to see the place again. I'd rather try and remember it as it was."
Beach is located in western North Dakota along the border with Montana. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.93 square miles (5.00 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,019 people, 498 households, and 251 families living in the city. The population density was 528.0 inhabitants per square mile (203.9/km2). There were 601 housing units at an average density of 311.4 per square mile (120.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.
There were 498 households, of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.6% were non-families. 43.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 46.2 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20% were from 25 to 44; 29.2% were from 45 to 64; and 23% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.
As of the 2000 Census, there were 1,116 people, 470 households, and 292 families living in the city. The population density was 610.3 inhabitants per square mile (235.6/km2). There were 570 housing units at an average density of 311.7 per square mile (120.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.66% White, 0.18% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.
There were 470 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 25.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,977, and the median income for a family was $35,536. Males had a median income of $25,515 versus $17,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,450. About 10.9% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Beach has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.