Begusarai district
From top left to right: Naulakha Temple;NTPC, Barauni ;Rajendra Setu; Barauni Refinery;HURL, Barauni Fertilizer
From top left to right: Naulakha Temple;NTPC, Barauni ;Rajendra Setu; Barauni Refinery;HURL, Barauni Fertilizer
Location of Begusarai district in Bihar
Location of Begusarai district in Bihar
Coordinates (Begusarai): 25°25′00″N 86°08′00″E / 25.4167°N 86.1333°E / 25.4167; 86.1333
CountryIndia
StateBihar
RegionMithila
DivisionMunger
Established1870
District2 October 1972
HeadquartersBegusarai
Government
 • District MagistrateRoshan Kushwaha[1]
 • MP, Begusarai Lok SabhaGiriraj Singh
Area
 • Total1,918 km2 (741 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,970,541
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy63.87 per cent
 • Sex ratio894
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
 • Other recognisedMaithili[3]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationBR-09
Major highwaysNH 31, NH 28
Average annual precipitation1384 mm
Websitebegusarai.nic.in

Begusarai District is one of the thirty-eight districts of the Indian state of Bihar. The city of Begusarai is its administrative headquarters and is part of the Munger division.

History

Begusarai was established in 1870 as part of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status.[4]

Geography

Begusarai district occupies an area of 1,918 square kilometres (741 sq mi).[5] The district lies on the northern bank of the river Ganges. Begusarai district is a part of Munger division. It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. The Ganges river separates Begusarai district from Patna District and Munger District.[citation needed]

Flora and fauna

Kanwar Lake

In 1989 Begusarai district became home to the Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 63 km2 (24.3 sq mi).[6] It is Asia's largest freshwater oxbow lake. In November 2020, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) declared it the first Ramsar site in Bihar.[citation needed]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901575,455—    
1911593,470+0.31%
1921564,328−0.50%
1931635,456+1.19%
1941718,390+1.23%
1951793,942+1.00%
1961954,333+1.86%
19711,147,429+1.86%
19811,456,343+2.41%
19911,814,773+2.22%
20012,349,366+2.62%
20112,970,541+2.37%
source:[7]
Religions in Begusarai district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
85.99%
Islam
13.71%
Other or not stated
0.30%

According to the 2011 census Begusarai district has a population of 2,970,541,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Armenia[10] or the US state of Mississippi.[11] This gives it a ranking of 128th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 1,540 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,000/sq mi).[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.44%.[9] Begusarai has a sex ratio of 895 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 63.87%. 19.18% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 14.55% and 0.05% of the population respectively.[9]

Languages of Begusarai district (2011)[12]

  Hindi (79.77%)
  Urdu (9.53%)
  'Other' Hindi (7.94%)
  Maithili (2.43%)
  Others (0.33%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 79.77% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 9.53% Urdu and 2.43% Maithili as their first language. 7.94% of the population spoke 'Others' under Hindi.[12]

Politics

This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Begusarai 141 Cheria-Bariarpur Raj Banshi Mahto RJD MGB
142 Bachhwara Surendra Mehata BJP NDA
143 Teghra Ram Ratan Singh CPI MGB
144 Matihani Raj Kumar Singh JD(U) NDA Switched from LJP to JD(U)[13]
145 Sahebpur Kamal Sadanand Yadav RJD MGB
146 Begusarai Kundan Kumar BJP NDA
147 Bakhri Suryakant Paswan CPI MGB

Current Member of Legislative council Bihar Vidhan Parishad (Begusarai-Khagaria)

S.no. Name Party Alliance
1. Rajiv Kumar Indian National Congress MGB

Administration

Kanwar Lake Begusarai -A Ramsar Convention Site wetland

Subdivisions

Source:[14]

Cities and towns

Villages

Economy

NTPC, Barauni (Barauni Thermal Power Station)

Barauni is the major industrial town in the district. It has big industries like Barauni Refinery, Barauni Thermal Power Station, Urvarak Nagar Barauni, Garhara electric locomotive shed and Pepsi bottling plant. Shri Krishna Singh wanted to build an industrial corridor from Begusarai-Bakhtiyarpur-Fatuha, so he looked to construct Rajendra Setu in Mokama. Begusarai is one of the largest milk-consuming districts in India. Sudha dairy plant is also one of the biggest exporters of milk all over Bihar.[15]

Transportation

Begusarai Railway Station
Rajendra Setu

Barauni Junction is the major railway junction. Another major railway station is Begusarai. Begusarai is well connected by road to other parts of Bihar and the country.

Railways

Barauni Junction is one of the important stations in Bihar. It is a junction and is connected to India's main cities of New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai via broad gauge routes. Begusarai railway station is located in Begusarai city.

Roads

NH-31 is passing through Begusarai district.

National Highway 28 starts at Barauni and leads to Lucknow. National Highway 31 passes through the district and leads to Guwahati. Both National Highways have junctions here. It is also called Assam Road. Many small city buses pass through here. Begusarai district also has Rajendra Setu on the Ganges near Simariya, which was the first railroad bridge in independent India on the river Ganges. A six-lane bridge is under construction in Begusarai on the Ganges in Simaria. It will be complete by December 2024.[16]

Education

Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh Dinkar College of Engineering (RRSDCE) was laid on 22 December 2013 by Nitish Kumar, paving way for the eighth government engineering college in Bihar.[17][18] G D College is a notable undergraduate and postgraduate degree college of the district.[19]

Notable people

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

References

  1. ^ "District website of Begusarai Contents of Begusarai District India". Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  6. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Begusarai" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Armenia 2,967,975 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Mississippi 2,967,297
  12. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  13. ^ "Lone Lok Janshakti Party MLA Raj Kumar Singh joins JD(U) in Bihar". Hindustan Times. 7 April 2021. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Subdivision & Blocks | District website of Begusarai | India". Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  15. ^ Kumar, Rajiv (25 April 2014). "Making of Begusarai was by choice, not accident - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  16. ^ Asia's Widest Bridge | Drone View | Mokama Waterlifting | Auntaghat Simaria 6 Lane Bridge | TheWay4U, retrieved 23 June 2022
  17. ^ Kumar, Rajiv (23 December 2013). "CM lays foundation of engineering college". Times of India. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Nitish lists special tag cry as LS poll plank". The Telegraph. 23 December 2013. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  19. ^ "IGNOU Study Centre GD College Begusarai Admission 2022". IGNOU University. 15 January 2022. Retrieved 4 May 2022.

Further reading